Introduction Disparities in health are an inequality that occurs in the provision of healthcare and its accessibility across different dimensions including location, gender, ethnicity, age, disability status, citizenship status and socioeconomic group (Ubri & Artiga, 2016; Wallerstein & Durran, 2006). According to the health Resources and Service Administration of United States, health disparities are defined by population specific differences in the presence of disease, health outcomes and the accessibility to healthcare. Urbi and Artiga (2016) indicates that disparities in healthcare provision not only bring impacts to the group facing disparities, but also limit overall improvements in quality of care and population health as well as resulting …show more content…
For example, the incident rate of cancer among African Americans is 10% higher than among whites. African Americans and Latinos are also approximately twice as likely to develop diabetes as white people are (Mandal, 2014). Moreover, they also tends have cardiovascular disease, asthma, cancer and HIV/AIDS compared to non-minorities populations. (Thomas, 2014). There are several factors that can lead to healthcare disparities includes poor access to healthcare, poverty, exposure to environmental problems, deficit knowledge, inadequate and unsafe housing as well as individual and behavioral factors. These factors increase the minority groups of being uninsured, lack of health care accessibility, receive poorer quality care and experiencing worse health outcomes, including low income individuals and black people (Ubri & Artiga, 2016). In United States, the healthcare disparities are very obvious and it can be clearly seen between urban and rural …show more content…
The government has strived to achieve equity in access and provided a comprehensive range of affordable and quality care. At the same time, it has not neglected services that are in the realm of public goods. The importance of quality and standards of care is without question. Important quality and innovation will attract inward investment and generate income to the nation through many opportunities in the health sector and industry e.g. health tourism, but pose challenges in marketing and branding. The MOH has an established and transparent quality assurance programme but this is not the case in the private sector. Consumer bodies has frequently lamented on the high drug prices and alluded to expensive private hospital care making it unaffordable to the majority of the population. Professional bodies have alerted the authorities regarding bogus and unqualified personnel in private clinics and have maintained that the standards in the Private Health Facility and Services Act 1998 (PHFSA 1998) should apply through the board, private as well as public. There is an urgent need to ensure clinical governance in the private
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Renowned author of Under the Skin and associate professor at CUNY’s Journalism School, Linda Villarosa delivers several key facts in her interview on Black American regarding racial health disparities in America. Villarosa discusses many factors of health disparities, such as the distrust African Americans have of the healthcare system, the unjust treatment of African Americans in the hands of healthcare practitioners, and the underrepresentation of African Americans in clinical trials. Villarosa makes it clear that there is a deep disparity between the treatment of black and white Americans in the healthcare system. The author uses statistics and anecdotal evidence to present a thorough evaluation of health disparities in America.
With the ongoing changes on policies in healthcare, it is imperative to consider the legal and ethical issues in health disparities and access to care based on the socioeconomic status. Research have shown over the past 25 years that disparities in the quality of care are highly influenced by individual characteristics such as race, gender, ethnicity, education, income, and age. The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) recognized that providing care is not simply a “one size fits all” approach especially with the diverse population in today’s society. As healthcare professionals, we need to be alert and know how to properly intervene with such disparities so that the care provided is tailored to the individual.
Health disparities are the different kinds of illness that occur among different population groups. Over the years, technology has advanced as well as education but they have only helped out certain groups dealing with health disparities as there still are problems involving health disparities. One reason health disparities still exist is due to race and ethnicity. Depending on your racial and ethnical background plays a huge factor in health disparities.
In conducting reviews of research related to health disparities and lack of access to healthcare for minorities, there are several articles that cite data and methods that show the relationship to minorities with low SES are significantly impacted. According to the peer reviewed article, “Reducing Health Disparities in Underserved Communities” there is a significant disparity in access to healthcare for minorities health services among whites, blacks, and Hispanics over the past two decades. The article also cited several causes to this lack of access such as
Healthcare disparity can be explained as the gap created in the delivery of healthcare to communities which causes some communities to receive better healthcare than others. Some factors that can cause these disparities include race, socioeconomic status, location, and gender. Because of health care disparities, there are a lot of patients who are and will be at risk for many diseases such as diabetes, obesity and hypertension. These disparities negatively affect the overall cost of delivering quality healthcare and are issues that must be addressed by the people who know them best, the health care workers. Through the NURSE Corps Program I hope to help address these imbalances in underserved communities in various ways.
This implies that disparities in health continue to exist despite the efforts of the health care systems to provide patients similar access to care, which according to Woolf, and Braveman (2011), suggests that disparities originate outside the formal health care setting. The authors concluded that environmental and social variables especially income and education are often the underlying causes of illnesses and are key to understanding health
Limited access to primary care, affordable insurance, and specialist services makes it challenging for such women to obtain health care. The underfunding of fertility clinics, reproductive health services, and mental health services furthers the problem. All these challenges disproportionately affect black women, causing them to suffer from specific health issues such as reproductive health issues, obesity, heart disease, and high blood pressure. Additionally, black women are exposed to chronic stressors and discrimination, which can lead to long-lasting detrimental health effects.
Health disparities have been an issue all over the world. In the United States, individual and community activism have been seen in an attempt to address the health inequalities of the underrepresented groups tracing back to 1781 (Mitchell, 2015). With the passing of the Affordable Care Act (ACA), the hope for social equality and justice through insurance for all remains complex. The legislation will certainly provide better health outcomes, but health advocacy remains an important aspect in changing the landscape of our health system. A study indicated that the overall rate of insurance coverage increased and a decreased in “coverage disparities related to race and ethnicity” was noted a few years after the ACA was passed (Buchmueller,
Health Care in the US is arguably available to all who seek it but not everybody has had the same experience and treatment when walking through the doors of a healthcare facility. In many cases, people are discriminated against due to their gender, race/ethnicity, age, and income and are often provided with minimal service. Differences between groups in health coverage, access to care, and quality of care is majorly affected through these disparities. Income is a major factor and can cause groups of people to experience higher burden of illness, injury, disability, or mortality relative to another group.
The Hispanic community is a worldwide growing population, so my interest was to research and learn more about their health disparities; in an effort to inform other people about what’s happening now. Once I did the research to determine what my health and other disparities would be in a certain community I was amazed at the results. Hispanics are a susceptible minority group at a higher risk for diabetes because of lack of resources and proper health care. Today, Hispanics and Latinos are facing a dominant health challenge against diabetes mellitus which we need to get under control. Health studies done on a population of individual’s shows Hispanics to be unfairly affected by diabetes and bad glycemic control; compared to non-Hispanic whites
As a low-income, first-generation Mexican American/college graduate, my personal identities and experiences uniquely position me to contribute to RFU’s diversity, equity, and inclusion efforts (DEI). Through my journey, I have encountered various challenges and triumphs that have shaped my perspective and deepened my commitment to promoting DEI in healthcare and beyond. My lived experience growing up in an economically disadvantaged and medically underserved community has heightened my awareness of the healthcare disparities and inequities that exist, especially being raised in a traditional Hispanic household. It has fueled my passion to address these issues and advocate for accessible, culturally sensitive, and equitable healthcare.
Many Americans were led to believe that the introduction of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act in 2009 would put an end to disparities in health care access. While it did improve the situation for a small percentage of the population there are still many Americans who lack access to good quality health care. Health care access in America is determined by money and those in lower socioeconomic groups frequently tend to miss out on adequate care. In a recent health care report by the national health research foundation Kaiser Family Foundation, it was noted “health care disparities remain a persistent problem in the United States, leading to certain groups being at higher risk of being uninsured, having limited access to care, and experiencing poorer quality of care” (Kaiser Family Foundation). The current health care
Thus, premature death and preventable losses of quality of life are probable outcomes. Elderly individuals may be less frequently provided the best data-supported healthcare simply because they are old. Thus, bias or prejudice against the aged may be a significant cause. Furthermore, Africa-American have poorer access to care than Whites, for one-third of core measures. Asians and American Indian/Alaska Native had shoddier access to care than Whites for 1 of 5 core measures.
Although we see advantages and disadvantages to socioeconomic statuses, health disparity - while evident - was not a topic of discussion for me and my peers. The fact that individuals with lower socioeconomic statuses have less than desirable health results is not surprising, but what we should focus on is their lack of resources. Middle-class and lower class citizen, have lower levels of education, accept riskier jobs, experience elevated stress associated with race, class or gender oppression and have limited access to health care. Research suggests that individuals near the poverty line have a higher rate of illness than all other income groups (Braveman, Cubbin, Egerter, Williams, & Pamuk, 2010).