The council took place at Nicaea and declared Nicene Christianity to be authentic and orthodox in 325 AD. Constantine had flourished the Roman Empire through the established of Christianity. Earlier when he started supporting the religion, there were many sects around. He resolved the disputes over the sects of Christianity and made Nicene Christianity, the true belief to be held. The Arian controversy was not just a dispute over a belief of Christianity but a threat to the unity of Roman Empire.
During the first centre groups of Christians had developed and where spread throughout Rome. Around 64 AD the emperor Nero blamed innocent Christians for a fierce fire that immersed the city. This was when St Peter and Saint Paul were martyred, meaning that they were killed because of what they believed in. How were they Persecuted? Many christens living around this time were put to death, and thousands were made to be items of amusement.
In 1819, Kamehameha II took the throne. His first task as ruler of Hawaii was to eliminate the traditional Hawaiian religion. One year after this elimination was made, a group of Protestants came to Hawaii and converted a great deal of them to Christianity. The Protestants also helped the Hawaiians to establish a written Hawaiian language and several missionary schools. Roman Catholics arrives in 1827, however they were forced to leave by Hawaiian Protestant priests in 1831.
1. Constantine was a former soldier that was given the title of Cesare of the West (in the Roman Tetrarchy created by Diocletian), and was assigned to the furthest reach of the empire which was the English city of York. 2. Constantine issues the Edict of Milan which declared official tolerance for Christianity. He also demanded the Christians to change their day of worship from the Hebrew Sabbath to the Roman day of the Sun.
The Vikings often maintained their beliefs throughout their raiding, there was a huge pressure to convert to Christianity if they wished to have friendly relationship with the Christians. . The treaty bound the Viking leader Guthrum to accept Christianity, with Alfred of Wessex as his godfather, and Alfred in turn recognised Guthrum as the ruler of East Anglia. (McIntosh, 2014) More or less formal conviction applied to trade, the custom of 'primsigning ' was introduced. , since Christians were not really supposed to trade with pagans, this custom could allow Christians to trade with pagans.
The people swiftly caught on and a few days later, the Bishop Gaudri was thrown into the street and killed in minutes. Guibert describes the aftermath as a bloodbath with innocent and those supporting the bishop, slaughtered in the street and in their homes. “The progress of the fire, kindled on two sides at once, was so rapid, and the winds drove the flames so furiously in the direction of the convent of St. Vincent, that the monks were afraid of seeing all they possessed
Islam was the dominant faith of the middle-eastern societies, the population reacted to the plague by drawing closer to their religion. The muslims believed that the plague was a blessing from god and that they should ' 'accept the divine act ' ' Therefore , ' 'prayer lifting the epidemic is abhorrent ' '(Doc 4). The plague that attacked muslims was more mortal than the European plague. This plague killed people faster. The muslims became more faithful due to the plague as it says in document 9 that ' '...the people fasted for three successive days...assembled in the Great Mosque...and spent the night in prayers...they all went out together ' '.The Middle eastern societies were more calm and more open to praying for their neighbors; there was no segregation.
Philosophy reached an all-time rise during the 17th and 18th centuries. Following philosophy were the sciences, such as Astronomy and Geography, which advanced drastically during this period.The rise of Philosophy led to the decline of the church’s influence on the people, which led to a decline of faith and the church labelling philosophers as heretics. The Catholic church was prepared to do anything to crush these heretics in order to preserve the Catholic faith. Also, the inquisition extremely active during this time period, for hundreds of thousands of heretics were killed and/or burned at the stake. Following the advancements in the sciences, Astronomers such as Copernicus discussed new ideas that went against the holy scripture, which
The pope was the new head of the church. A lot of people accepted the changes and agreed with what Mary wanted but some did not. This was the reason why Mary decided to burn people at stake. Almost 300 people died. Her actions affected society in ways that are extremely different from others.
Missionaries, who live among the Indians, left letters to give people a sense of “concern” that many held for tribal peoples. Franciscan Escalona wrote a letter criticizing the anger towards the Indians which committed by a Spanish governor of present-day New Mexico. Franciscan wrote how the governor’s cruelty toward everyone made Gospel preaching impossible. During the sixteenth century, even more people from England arrived and they also brought many expression of Protestant Christianity to the new world. There are new explorers though, Puritans.
Therefore, Document 4 illustrates that the city council believed that there could be political stability with religious diversity. The Holy Roman Empire continued the trend towards tolerance after the 30 Years War. The Peace of Westphalia establishes the idea of freedom of religion for all citizens (Document 7). The peace comes after a decades long conflict that decimated as much as 30% of the population. The Peace of Westphalia