From 1928, when the plan started, to 1932 to its end, many factories, dams, power stations and even cities were being built. Despite there being harsh penalties implemented to workers for failure to meet their targets, there was still a significant increase in Russia’s industrial growth in a very short period of time. Just like the emancipation of the serfs in 1861, under Tsar Alexander II, in protest of Stalin’s policies, the peasants, in protest, refused to work harder than they needed too, causing them to destroy livestock and crops, which eventually lead to their unnecessary death. Stalin, just like the Tsarist autocratic regime, was not committed to collectivism but preferred capitalism in his ruling of the Soviet Union. This caused a lot of rebellion from the Kulaks who opposed collectivism. …show more content…
Similar to the Tsars before him, Stalin caused the death of anyone who opposed his way of ruling, especially the Kulaks. He violated the rights of the people by launching an extensive campaign on deporting ethnic groups that opposed his leadership. Stalin’s years of “great terror” through much unneeded purges caused him to more and more act as a “Red Tsar”. The only difference was Stalin was ruling under Marxist ideologies with communism being the end result as opposed to adherence to the Russian Orthodox Church. However, just like Stalin, Alexander II was very similar in that the secret police was at the centre of dealing with outside issues towards his power. Alexander II had the Okrana and Stalin had the NKVD. Anyone who was seen as being a threat or suspicious to the state were either imprisoned in Gulags, exiled, or
The denial of human rights in Ukraine and Cambodia has had huge impacts on regional and international communities. Ukraine was very independent, and Stalin wanted to remove the threat that the Ukrainians were becoming. In Cambodia, Pol Pot attempted to create a utopian Communist agrarian society. When Stalin came into power after Lenin’s death in 1924, the government was struggling to control and unwieldy empire.
Over the years of Ivan’s regime, he seized private lands and directed a reign of terror. However, his efforts disturbed the economy and culture. Subsequently after Ivan the Terrible’s death, his country was left in anarchy. Ivan
Stalin Primary ambition was to turn what he believed to be the industrial backwater that was the Soviet Union into an economic a world superpower. His goal was to make up decades or even years of time in just a single decade. By the definition of his goal he succeed he had turned a mostly agricultural country into an industrial super power, but it did not come without a cost. Those cost fell on the soviet working class in two ways the first was their atrocious living conditions and the second was their personal freedoms.
He yearned for greatness, to be on top of everyone and everything. His economic policy was created to make Russia an industrial powerhouse. His 5-year plan would enable rapid industrialization by coordinate investments and production to collectivize agriculture and build heavy industry. Stalin bragged about to booming economy, seeing that much of the capitalist economy in the West was struggling through economic depression post-World War 1. This success, though, came at the cost of human life, with millions dead from man-made famine and cheap labor in gulags.
“He was Tsar Nicholas II of Russia: the wealthiest Monarch on the world, who ruled over 130 million people and one-sixth of the earth’s land surface, yet turned a blind eye to the abject poverty of his subjects.” - Candace Fleming. The Romanovs ruled over Russia for 300 years; once Nicholas II came to power, it all collapsed. World War I and different instances in 1917 provoked the Russian Revolution to into play. The Russian Revolution then made Nicholas II abdicate the throne, the Bolsheviks rose to power after that. Then on July 17, 1918 Nicholas II, his family, and servants were executed in the cellar of the prison house.
Vladimir Lenin read the writing of Karl Marx which inspired him to declare himself a Marxist. After participating in Marxist activities, he was exiled to Siberia. When he returned from exile, Lenin and others co-founded a newspaper, Iskra, and Lenin progressed his leadership role in revolutionary movement by arguing for a slick party leadership community that would manage a network of lower party organizations and their workers. Citizens began to vocalize their discontent which allowed Lenin’s call to be supported. The emperor issued his October Manifesto to appease his citizens, but Lenin was unsatisfied.
Thesis Sentence: The Russian Revolution was a success due to its adherence of its slogan of “Peace, Bread and Land,” popular for the want of calmness, food, and property, which was fulfilled by the revolution’s leader and head of the Bolsheviks, Vladimir Lenin. Reason #1: In order to restore peace in Russia, the corrupt tsarist government was overthrown and reforms were made.
He created many plans to have the government take over everything. One of the first changes that Stalin made was to create government run farms. Many farmers were not willing to comply with this and so they were executed (History.com Staff). If the farmers did decide they would work at the collective farms, some of the farmers would slaughter all the animals on their own farm and destroy any machines they had in protest. On the collective farms, the farmers had to grow crops that the government told them to.
Stalin's secret police had a negative effect on the average citizens. The name that was given to Stalin's secret police was the NKVD and some of the negative effects they had on citizens was that they were responsible for a lot of deaths, they caused lots of fear for the citizens throughout the country and the NKVD would cause lots of pain for the citizens and their families by sending them to labour camps. The main function of the NKVD was to assassinate anybody that Stalin ordered them to.1 In the book, Animal Farm, it clearly shows that Napoleon who represents Stalin, calls the dogs who represent the secret police to assassinate whoever Stalin wanted killed. “Napoleon stood up and, casting a peculiar sidelong look at Snowball, uttered a
Nicholas II was extremely strict when it came to his government and as a result forbade any form of democracy in Russia and imposed absolute autocracy on all the citizens. His domestic policy was so strict political parties were illegal to form and he even made the Okhrana, a secret police that arrested and imprisoned any political critics, rebels, or those who voiced a negative opinion against the Russian autocracy. As a result, the citizens, especially those of lower class, despised the government and would often attempt to revolt. However, since the revolts were unorganized and ineffective, Nicholas II was able to end them very swiftly. After the defeat in the Russo-Japanese War in 1905, Russia suffered extreme humiliation as well as economic decline.
Both Stalin And Robespierre had secret police that had to find and jail or execute any enemies, for France this was the Committee of Public Safety
In the early 1900’s Russia entered a terminal crisis. Tens of thousands of soldiers were deserted, cities were affected by major food shortages, and the economy was breaking down, and the streets were filled with angry people. People desperately needed reform and this lead to the February Revolution. The Russians overthrew the previous ruling provisional government and the Soviet Union took control. Vladimir Lenin wrote a very intelligent manifesto to rally up the people to continue to revolt and keep the newly gained control of the government Vladimir wrote a very dramatic manifesto with the intention of encouraging the Russian people to fight back against the government they overthrew so they can maintain it.
In the aftermath of the previous February Revolution, there was power sharing between the weak Provisional Government and the Petrograd Soviet. The October Revolution was a much more calculated event, orchestrated by a small group of people: the Bolsheviks. Led by Vladimir Lenin, the Bolsheviks launched a coup d'état against the Provisional Government and seized power, occupying strategic locations such as government buildings and forming a new government with Lenin as its head. The October Revolution was a watershed in Russian history, affecting Russia's economy, society, culture, international politics and industrial development. Russia's new leaders were drawn mainly from the intellectual and working classes rather than from the aristocracy.
After launching the Bolshevik revolution on 25 October 1917 and successfully brought the party to the head of the USSR, Lenin took over the political leadership of the country. He progressively got acquainted with both Trotsky and Stalin. Putting his faith in Stalin, Lenin appointed Koba, a ‘nom de revolution’ that Stalin adopted when he got inspired by the hero of a novel The Parricide by Alexander Kazbegi , as the General Secretary in 1922. Lenin, on his death’s bed, wrote a testament, containing his last wishes, his aims for Russia and its envy for the next political leadership. In his testament, he clearly stated his wish upon Stalin, and his preferences for Trotsky: “Comrade Stalin, having become General Secretary, has concentrated an