World War 1(WW1) is one of the most bloodstained, unpleasant, wide-spread, and history-altering war ever to occur in human history. Many people know this, however, many are not aware of the important factors which impacted the Great War. One such factor is the sinking of the British Ocean Liner Lusitania, a passenger ship stacked with hundreds of civilians seeking a retreat through a vacation. The sinking of the Lusitania was a significant occurrence because it impacted the American public’s opinion significantly, which in result influenced the Great War. Hence, it is imperative one understands the role the Lusitania played during the Great War. To begin, During the Great War, the U.S. was in an economic slump, and the war was a means of jumping out of this recession. The U.S. merchants began trading arms with the Allies, especially Britain. To stop this, Germany initiated the Unrestricted Submarine Warfare policy. Unrestricted submarine warfare meant that whenever German U-boats saw ships or vehicles which were not under the control of the Central Powers or were believed to carry goods for the Allies, they destroyed them. This policy created …show more content…
Unrestricted submarine warfare outraged many Americans because its application was an attack upon innocent civilian. Unrestricted submarine warfare also breaks an international law which states that the civilians of two warring countries are not targets. Germany not only harmed civilians, but it also broke international law. Through the sinking of the Lusitania, the public’s view of Germany’s unrestricted warfare policy intensified, and more people began to favor American involvement in the war. The sinking of the Lusitania became one of the most important events of the Great War because its reaction is, “the first step towards American involvement in the war.” (Hill
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America treaded the path towards World War II with trepidation, until its people were convinced that action must be taken when the incident of Pearl Harbor occurred. From that point on, American citizens began mobilizing to aid their nation in hopes for victory against the Axis Powers. In order to keep up morale certain measures, such as the use of false advertising, were imposed. The influence of American propaganda during World War II led to an exploration of government authority through the use of censorship, exploitation of women, and incentive to contribute to the war effort.
In the novel, Dead Wake by Erik Larson, the author depicts a true tale of the sinking of the Lusitania. After setting sail from New York on May 1st, 1915, the Lusitania came into contact with a German U-boat, known as the U-20, who eventually sank the ship and killed thousands six days later on May 7th, 1915. However, as simple as the case may seem, Larson believes that the Lusitania’s destruction was very preventable, but those in control of the ship’s aid seemed to benefit greatly from its obliteration. This benefit, gained by Room 40, the British Royal Navy’s secret intelligence administration, was the hope that American’s on the Lusitania would die in the sinking, and therefore draw America into the war, aiding Britain. Throughout the very
There were two major events that took place that sent the United States into WWI. Before these events took place, America wanted to stay neutral with thoughts and action. On May 7, 1915, a German submarine, called U-boats, torpedoed and sank a British passenger liner Lusitania. About 1,198 lives were lost including 128 Americans. Many Americans were shocked and anger about this act and called it “mass murder and piracy”(671).
With the constant looming danger of the German navy bombing an innocent ship, the freedom of the sea was threatened. Merchants could no longer travel the oceans without the fear of being bombed - a direct menace to a country’s free trade. The bombing of the Lusitania two years prior to the war message was already a warning sign to the American people of Germany’s reckless naval power. Finally, numerous of Germany’s acts and agreements were conducted in the “insert quote” and “insert quote”.
On May 7, 1915 the British luxury ocean liner, the RMS Lusitania, sunk within 18 minutes of being shot by a German U-boat in an act of self defense. Germany’s U-boats were latest technology; similar to submarines. They were hard to detect by radar and surprised the enemy. Out of 192 Americans onboard 128 died, which outraged Americans Eventually bringing them into the war. Despite a minimal amount of evidence on the contrary, Germany had every right to sink the Lusitania.
Trade with Germany fell to less than 1% than it previously did.4. The U.S traded with the Allies massive amounts of munitions and went to great extents to do so. The U.S sent many of their trades with ships that contained innocent civilians in attempt to cover up their intentions. When Germany shot down ships that contained munitions the innocent Americans were killed. This set an uproar within the country and blamed Germany.
Germany provoked the United States, which eventually made U.S enter World War I, also known as the Great War. After World War ended in 1918, Wilson proposed (which was eventually passed internationally) the Treaty of Versailles, mainly punishing Germany and preventing it from causing future wars. The United States entered war, which made it official that they were, once again, involved with foreign affairs, disregarding Washington’s advice to not be involved with other countries. “The great rule of conduct for us in regard to foreign nations is in extending our commercial relations, to have with them as little political connection as possible” (Washington). However, once Word War I was over, the “public opinion favored a return to
On May 7, 1915, Germany sunk a passenger ship sailing the British flag, which contained one thousand people. Among them were 128 Americans, who all died. The passengers were warned that “Travelers intending to embark… are reminded that a state of war exists… and in accordance with formal notice
However, the US eventually entered the war after the sinking of the Lusitania, a British passenger ship, by a German U-boat, which resulted in the deaths of over 1,000 civilians, including 128
By doing this, the Germans killed many Americans unjustly. If the U.S didn 't do anything, then the Germans would 've kept sinking more ships and killing the Americans that were onboard. Also, the Allies were losing the war. The soldiers were exhausted from all the years of fighting (trench warfare), it took a long time to even advance.
As Germany returns, in 1917, to the policy of unrestricted submarine warfare, it came back to renew its suspension in response from force of the United States and other neutral countries. Unrestricted submarine warfare was first initiated in World War I on February 4th, 1915. Germany declared the area around the British Isles a war zone, in which all merchant ships, would be attacked by the German navy. On April 22nd, 1915, the German Embassy published a warning in newspapers to tell passengers that travel on Allied ships are “at their own risk.” One ship, called The Lusitania, was the first to submerge and depart, killing nearly 1300 passengers.
World War I is often associated with trench Warfare and battles on the land, with very little thought given to the importance of naval warfare. Beginning with the Anglo-German Naval Race (1898-1912), Germany began building up their High Seas Fleet to challenge the Grand Fleet (“Anglo-German Naval Race”). Britain had been the World’s only international naval superpower for well over 100 years until Germany decided to challenge their dominance. Shortly after the start of World War I, the Anglo-French Naval Convention (1914) was signed, which greatly shaped Allied naval strategy. In 1914, Britain put a distant blockade on Germany, which allowed them to control exits from the North Sea and damaged both Germany’s economy and War effort (Roskill 4: 533).
America had tried hard not to get involved in European affairs and conflicts, but with our growing connections it became hard. Businessmen saw the opportunities and profitable advancements of Europe, which brought a large number of American 's overseas. Great Britain was a major trade partner with the U.S, so we were indirectly involved in their war. The Germans started sinking any British ships that came into view of their Unterseeboots, even if they were passenger or fishing vessels. When
When informing the U.S. Secretary of State of its decision to resume unrestricted submarine warfare, German Ambassador Count Johann von Bernstorff said, “The Imperial Government could not justify before its own conscience, before the German people, and before history the neglect of any means destined to bring about the end of the war.” This shows the pressure the Government felt and why the government was forced to do whatever it took to emerge victorious. The German government knew that if they resumed unrestricted submarine warfare, the United States would enter the war, but they didn’t have any other choice. In addition, Germany underestimated the U.S., assuming that its troops would be ineffective and slow to mobilize. They thought that in the amount of time it took for sizable amounts of American troops to reach the Western front, Germany would have had enough time to suffocate Great Britain and end the war.