The years between 1877 and 1900 were some of the most momentous and dynamic in American history. They set developments in motion that would shape the country for generations, starting with the reunification of the South and North, the integration of four million newly freed African Americans, westward expansion, immigration, industrialization, and urbanization. In addition, it was also a period of reform, in which many Americans sought to regulate corporations and shape the changes taking place all around them. Before the Civil War however, things were much different. Before the Civil War, the south was mainly agriculturally based and relied on slaves and plantations to make income.
Between 1800 and 1860 two major things changed within the country. The cash crops changed from tobacco and rice to the new money maker cotton. Along with the crops changing the slave trade grew to replace the economic short fall in the Chesapeake area. These changed occurred due to the supply and demand of commonly bought goods. Another contributing factor for the crops changing was the invention of the cotton gin in 1793 and the use of cotton in textile facilities.
Overall, during the transportation revolution, construction of turnpikes, roads, canals, and railroads led to the market economy expansion, an increased population in America and alternations of the physical landscape of America. As American factories and farms started to produce more goods businessmen and legislators began to create a faster and cheaper way to get goods distributed to consumers. Around 1820, Americans began to build canals and steamboats, railroad, and extend roads linking the Atlantic Coast with new states in the Trans Appalachian west. Canals and Steamboats shrunk the distance of carrying goods from one place to another and could haul the most cargo for transportation. A well-known waterway called the Erie Canal connected the Great Lakes region to the Atlantic Ocean and cost 7 million dollars.
Dat Chenh Prof. McNee History 313 03/13/2017 The Free Nation Industrialization. An inevitable event which took place during the late 19th and early 20th century also known as the second industrial revolution; marks an important turning point for life inside the United States. The most important contribution to the revolution was steel. With growth in production along with the significantly lower cost compared to iron, steel was the answered to new inventions in construction such as skyscrapers and in transportation such as trains and railroads. While the rise of industry brings many jobs and wealth to American soil, it also brings changes to working class Americans.
This was possible because of railroad expansion in the North and after the war, the railroad was rapidly expanding in the South and westbound. As the reunited country began to develop a new American pastime was beginning to rise in both cities of the North and the rural South, consumer culture. The North and South started a relationship that exchanged the needed raw material in the South to the developed North and cycled throughout the rest of the country.
In many years ago, the first Europeans bring amazing changes in the size, focus and goals to North America, and also had impact on the Canadian businesses. The business history are divided into six time period: Colonial Period, Industrial Revolution, Industrial Entrepreneurs, Production, Marketing and Relationship. These time period brought out amazing changes in business history. Prior to 1776, during Colonial Period basic focus are on the agricultural production, small colonial towns can serve as market because the success of the economy focused are on the rural areas, depending on the production farms, and also the success or failure of crops affects the economic aspects. From 1760 - 1850, there are a big change in machines and this time period are called the Industrial Revolution.
Regional difference did significantly increase between 1800 and 1848 in a couple of areas, mainly; economic difference due to different markets and focus on technological advancements, politically for each regions attempts to preserve their now differing economies, and socially in response to different markets and political views. The north and the south have always had different markets, the south has always been focused on agriculture, due to a better climate for growing, while the north hasn’t completely focused on industrial, though it 's always been more industrialized than the south. This became clear with the introduction of the factory to the north and the cotton gin to the south. The factory allowed the north to focus on making textile and clothing while the south provide them with the material, cotton that they were growing and harvesting quicker than before due to the cotton gin. The north also continued receiving road and railroads and embracing advancement in transport like steamboats, canals the telegraph, allowing them to transport goods and information quicker.
The North and South were already divided prior to the surge of exploration and conquering known as Manifest Destiny, which was largely fueled by new inventions, such as trains and the telegraph. The North had an economy quite contrary to that of the South. The North was industrializing, and the industry was quickly booming, producing many goods and boosting the North’s’ economy. The South, on the other hand, depended on its constant, slow, agricultural growth. This divide was dwarfed by the main problem that was always a challenge for the United States to deal with.
After the invention of the Cotton Gin, there as a greater necessity for persons and property, thus this made cotton the chief year’s produce of the South. The South was able to produce 7/8 of the worlds cotton supply. The South became more dependent on the planted field system and it’s full of force part, slavery. Notably, at that moment, the North was flourishing industrially. The North depended on factories and others
Many factors contributed to the Industrial Revolution taking place in England. One of the main contributors to the Industrial Revolution was the Agricultural Revolution. The Industrial Revolution was when the world became more urban and industrial. New technologies were being produced that made new products, more of old products, and better products. The Industrial Revolution’s birth in England was due to: its Geography, the Agricultural Revolution, and the political stability.
The author argues that the growth and production of cotton sparked an industrial revolution which increase migration. Once America expanded West and signed the Treaty of Fort Jackson, America had a large amount of land. Specifically, it was the Alabama River Valley, which had great farming capabilities. With cotton prices rising, a mass migration occurred and people flocked to grow cotton. The author states that cotton fueled an “expansion of transatlantic industrial capitalism” which at the time was equivalent to sugar in the Caribbeans and oil in the Middle East.
The Market Revolution was a time period early in the nineteenth century to describe the expansion of the marketplace. This was prompted by new roads and canals that were connected to communities far away for the first time. This market revolution was sparked by the success of the Erie Canal which in turn made people build more and more transportation. The Market Revolution also describes the transition from subsistence farming to commercial farming. This revolution also lead to the success of a few that knew how to work the market putting small time business men out of work.
Immigration has been the key to America 's success. Immigration helped to build up the new settlements due to the high demand of labor during the colonization period. Also from 1880-1930 's during the industrial revolution immigrants were the main work force. Helping to make the U.S. an economic powerhouse. And lastly in the present day immigrants help to fill a labor force that 's lacking in the farming industry which helps immensely with food production.