The New World had abundant land, however, no one to field it. This led to the need for labor, preferably cheap labor. One of the options the settlers turned to was indentured servitude, or servant contracts. These contracts were used in England already to trade some of a person’s freedom for room, board, and various manual labor. In the beginning of the settlements, this option proved to be mostly beneficial to both the settlers instigating the contracts, and the people from England who entered into the contracts. However, the short-term option of indentured servitude was becoming more expensive in the long term; this with less people willing to participate in the arrangement and the “freedom dues” associated with it (Tindal & Shi, 2014).
The South and their economy benefited a lot from The Cotton Gin. This invention increased the problems between the North and the South. With the rise in the production of cotton, the south needed more slaves in order to control and to work the cotton production. This invention increased the demand for slave labor. The invention of The Cotton Gin led to a prosperity in the Southern economy creating a one-crop economy for the South. There was a pressure put on the relationship between the North and the South and their different perceptions of slavery
The Civil War was caused by three main reasons are economic differences, interpretation of Constitution, and moral beliefs.
Due to the Missouri Compromise, new states in the North were automatically free states. The Northerns started to hate slavery and wanted to push other states to become free states. The South could not let this happen because their economy depending on slavery. Since the slave masters did not have to pay their workers, everything they sold was 100% profit to the South. If slavery was abolished, they’d have to find other ways to farm their plantations and would undoubtedly make less money. With American manufactures rising, the government decided to impose a tariff or tax on all imported and exported goods. The excess tax would decrease the import of foreign goods and increase business for the American manufactures in the North. This forced the South to either pay more for their goods, get the goods from the North or manufacture their goods themselves. Slavery was holding the Southern economy together. The South needed slavery and every day more and more Americans opposed it. For the South, the only way to maintain slavery was to defeat the North in war. If the South won the Civil War, slavery would not be abolished and their economy would be
In both the early and late 19th century there were a lot of things that contributed to the growth of America. Economically, during this point in time there was extreme growth. Up to the end of the Civil war, the way people went about life was about to change even more than what has already changed in the last fifty years. Post-Civil war, over 4 million slaves were freed. They migrated and assimilated towards the pacific coast and towards northern states. This left southern farms in crisis. The amount of people working on the farms compared to the size of the farm meant it was going to be really tough to maintain the farm himself. What did this mean for the country? There was a crisis that needed to be taken care of, and how would the country handle it? The industry needed something new. The Industrial Revolution can be viewed as one of the most significant reason towards the rise of economic powers in this country. It helped the country in so many ways. This was the start of a new life style for the people of the United States.
The process of black slavery taking route in colonial Virginia was slow. Black slavery mostly became dominant in the 1680s. Slaves became the main labor system on plantations. The amount of white indentured servants declined so the demand for black slaves became necessary in the mid-1660s. The number of white indentured servants that Virginia had up until the mid 1660s, was enough to meet white peoples labor needs. Slavery was also increasing because you never had to pay the slaves that you owned and the plantations required a lot of labor, so slaves were a lot cheaper than the indentured servants. The profits from tobacco and rice led planters to import enslaved Africans, which made the economy depend on slavery. Although slavery was a morally
Every president of the United States should reflect an impeccable character. George Washington was trustworthy and well respected among the citizens. John Adams, a founding father, even helped draft the Declaration of Independence. Occasionally, a president will be elected who lacks the appropriate behavior of a president, even though he can guide the people. Andrew Jackson was such a man. Jackson was a controversial president because he was an influential leader but one who too often made poor decisions.
A question that has left many Americans puzzled is, was the civil was inevitable? Could the United States of America survived without the famous war? Would America be split in half? To answer this question one must look back and the reason the civil war happened and how it affected America.
The population of the English colonies on American soil slowly but steadily grew: in 1625 it was 2 thousand. People, in 1650 rose to 50 thousand., And by 1700 was already a quarter of a million. Virginia and Massachusetts were the largest English settlement, at the beginning of the XVIII century they lived almost half of the colonists. Another third of the total population accounted for Maryland, Connecticut, New York and Pennsylvania. In New England, people preferred to settle in cities with dense buildings; in the south dominated by sparsely scattered County; Mid colony combine both types of settlements.
The South, as a whole, struggles economically. Aside from a few wealthy plantation owners, most of the population consisted of poor, subsistence farmers. They had few railroads, limiting trade and the use of free, slave labor prevented the South from industrializing, which caused the economy of the South to fall behind that of the North. While the northern economy was thriving, the South was struggling. Part of this stratification was due to the Transportation Revolution, which occurred largely in the North. It allowed the North to trade with the Midwest breadbasket, increasing economic opportunity and prosperity through the construction of railroads. Document H shows the railroad routes in the US in 1860. While the South had just a few railroad
At the center of the entire institution of slavery, and central to its defense, was the economic domination it provided a young country in international markets. In the early 19th century, cotton was a popular commodity and overtook sugar as the main crop produced by slave labor. The production of cotton became the nation’s top priority; America supplied ¾ of the cotton supply to the entire world. At the expense of the freedom of an
Almost as soon as the Cotton Gin was developed it produced major success. It allowed Planters and Yeomen’s alike, to produce cotton as a faster rate. Soon cotton production went from, “2 million pounds in 1791 to a billion pounds by 1860. As early as 1840 the United States was producing half of the cotton grown around the world” (White 379). This surplus of cotton mentioned was produced by the cotton gin and sold worldwide making the South a major trade power and exceedingly wealthy.
As a result, numerous slave families like Eliza’s family split up at this time due to increase in the sale of slave from one region to another. Expansion of slavery caused a deep political divide in the country. However, slavery had a positive effect on economy in the South economy. They were beneficial because they were working foundation of cotton picking. Moreover, planters who is large scale farmers with more than twenty slaves appears and as a result, they make slavery much more profitable. Traditional tobacco industry in the antebellum period was not selling as well as it had in previous centuries. During that time, cotton industry replaced sugar as a major crop which is produced by slaves. During 19th century cotton was the most important Southern export and profits because there was a high cotton and crops heavy demand in New England and Europe which led the South highly dependent on cotton production and slavery as time go forward. As a result, the South contained the twelve wealthiest counties in the United States in 1860. There was a diverse economy in the upper South such as Missouri, Kentucky and Maryland. In those states, slavers worked in a manufacturing facility. On the other hand, the Southern portion of states, grains, livestock, and cotton are the main products. Therefore, the commitment of slavery was less in
At the turn of the 19th century America was growing both in geographical size and in the economic sector. In the South this economic expansion was created by a new “cash crop” called cotton. The southern United States had the perfect environment to grow cotton, and plenty of land
Approximately three Southern states change their approach on forced labor without compensation, African American slaves would work for an amount of cash that was, generally, given to the masters of the slaves; However, some of these African American were freed and, therefore, kept all the earnings. In the mid 1800’s southern states, slavery was progressively headed towards salary base employment which would boost the states economically. Furthermore, Northern states were already using such economic structure to boost labor in the industrial region, which led to divide the country into sectors of specialized commodities. Southern state were no longer the only major contributor of economic growth, the Northern states were in large in foreign demands for cotton in the years of 1815-1843 as industries boomed in