Human Rights Definition

775 Words4 Pages
A rights means a claim or power to do something or, to have (acquire) and own something, that is considered to be necessary for an individual to live with dignity as a human being and a member of mankind. Such claims or powers are known as, ‘Human Rights’ (Ajithkumar, Usha. , 2011, p. 1). Human Rights is a universal and legal concept. These rights are meant to uphold human dignity and equality. Human Rights are those rights which inherent to all human beings, irrespective of our nationality, ethnic, origin, colour, religion, language or any other status.
Human Rights also referred to as “Fundamental Rights” or “Basic Rights” or “Natural Rights” or “Common Rights”, are the rights guaranteed to people an individual, groups or categories to live
…show more content…
D.D Basu also defined, “human rights are the minimum rights which every individual must have against the state or other public authority by virtue of being a member of human family, irrespective of any other consideration”. Justice V.R Krishna Lyer in his book, “Human Rights and Inhuman Wrongs” remarks that, “Ultimately humanity has a commitment to history to make human rights a viable reality”. Justice M.H. Beg defined, “Human Rights imply justice, equality and freedom from arbitrary and discriminatory treatment”. According to Justice Durga Das Basu, “Human Rights are those minimal rights, which every individual must have against the State, or other public authority, by virtue of his being a member of human family, irrespective of caste, colour, creed, place of birth, sex, cultural differences, or any other consideration”. Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993 has also defined the term, “Human Rights means the rights relating to life, liberty, equality and dignity of the individual guaranteed by the constitution or embodied in the international covenants and enforced by courts in…show more content…
The international community must treat human rights globally in a fair and equal manner, on the same footing, and with the same emphasis (World Conference on Human Rights, Vienna, 1993). All Human Rights means it include civil and political, economic, social and cultural rights which are very important for each and every individual. Human rights are universal: here first emphasis given on universal declaration of human rights. In this declaration, there are 30 Article include all the basic rights which are universally adopted for every human beings to promote and protect all human rights and fundamental freedom regardless of their political, economic, and social or cultural system e.g.,- “All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights” (1st Article of UDHR). It’s unalienable because people’s rights can never be taken away. Human rights are indivisible, interdependent because, all the rights like - Political rights e.g. – right to life, equality before law; Economic rights e.g. – right to work; Social and Cultural rights e.g. - social security and education for all, which are equal in importance and absence of one rights another not be
Open Document