Religion–it is something that has been in existence since the beginning of time. It brings meaning to life and death. It creates a sense of belonging in the world. On the other hand, religion, or lack thereof, has also been, in many instances, the cause of oppression, warfare, and even terrorism. Sometimes religion is used to the advantage of one’s self. This can lead to extremism, which some might label as false piety or religious fanaticism. Looking at how these ideas might come into play can help us to better understand where Tartuffe and Orgon stood throughout the story, and to decipher what Molière was truly trying to project in this story of hypocrisy. Piety is defined as “devotion to God; fidelity to natural obligations; dutifulness …show more content…
In fact, the text before the actual story explains that Molière uses satire and humor to “comment on his own immediate social scene, imagining how universal patterns play themselves out in a specific historical context” (Molière). Because of this, the king of France was made by the Catholic Church to have Tartuffe banned. He is seen, at first, by some of the household members, specifically Orgon and his mother, Madame Pernelle, as this pure, kind-hearted man. As the story progresses, it slowly becomes apparent that Tartuffe is not the person some characters have made him out to be. For example, the first time we get a feel for the idea is in scene 1.4 where Dorine begins to list off Tartuffe’s action as Orgon asks, “Ah, and Tartuffe?” (Molière). The responses were: “Rosy-nosed and red cheeked, drinking your wine,” “…Not holding back, he ate with great delight, A brace of partridge, and a leg of mutton. In fact, he ate so much, he popped a button,” “…Tartuffe slurped down red wine, all at your cost” (Molière). Orgon always responded, “Poor man!” While all of his actions may have not been a sin, they would be uncommon to see in someone that is a self-proclaimed religious devotee. This is where the notion of false piety takes shape. In scenes 4.6-4.7, Orgon finally sees Tartuffe for who he really is, but he is not holding back after being exposed. He explains that Orgon’s property is now his own and that Orgon must repent because he has offended Heaven by offending him. A statement like that seems it could come from the mouth of an
Click here to unlock this and over one million essaysShow More
As well as, this recognition of Tartuffe's false nature reveals the severity of Orgon’s arrogance. Moliere highlights within the second half of the play, the extremes of pride and how mankind struggles to face it. The theme of pride is accentuated by Orgon’s nature, especially, during
The topics discussed in Tartuffe would follow literature all the way to today. All literature today was rooted from the philosophies and works published during the Enlightenment, especially the works of Pluto. Robert Browning’s, My Last Duchess, was written two centuries after Tartuffe, discusses the issue of marriage, and also the superiority of men to women, a topic subtly mentioned in Tartuffe. Perhaps had Moliere never republished Tartuffe the world of literature would still lack satire and courage to test the common held beliefs of
I am a white gay man. Before I begin my analysis, I want to recognize the parts of my privilege. I am not going to be using any other lense other than my own, therefore I thought it was important to preface that before I started my research. This essay will be about gender and race, and the intersectionality of it through Tartuffe (1664) and The Octoroon (1859). French classicism was the age in which Tartuffe by Moliere was written in.
Othello: A Close Reading This is an analysis of the lines 260-279 of the third scene of the third act of Shakespeare’s Othello. In an attempt to fulfill the incessant need for comfortable dichotomies, societies tend to be divided into two groups: the ‘in-crowd’ and the ‘others’. These strict dualities, constructed upon the inherent need for adversaries, are often as arbitrary as they are false and based on nothing but fear.
Moliere states to the King: “ it is a piece of great temerity on my part to come and importune a great monarch in the midst of his glorious conquest” (Moliere, Second Petition). Moliere is captivated by the King and believes that he is not worthy of his time, but seeks assistance regardless. Orgon, in contrast, believes that
(Act II.28-29) His character gives the impression that he is caring and sweet to Elizabeth but she knows of his lechery. He has sinned and feels the guilt for it. His shame is depicted by his reciting of the ten commandments, “Thou shalt not steal. Thou shalt not covet thy neighbors goods, nor make unto thee any graven image.
Religion often times is depicted as a specific institution that follows the teaching of the Bible, Torah, or the Quran. People fail to realize that religion can stand as anything for any particular person depending on their values. These values bring about sacred symbols, object, or systems to
In a setting of Salem, Massachusetts 1692, religion is the direct reflection of one's social standing. Reputation is extremely important for the town, as it is your only way to get a fair hearing and respect from the people. The protectiveness of reputation is necessary in The Crucible to justify yourself when presented with fallacious arguments. In this play the importance of reputation is revealed though the uses of ethos, logos and pathos. The protectiveness of reputation is uncovered through various characters such as Reverend Hale, Reverend Parris, and John Proctor.
The failure of God’s protection forces the audience to contemplate if religion is a legitimate form of protection or rather fuel for a false reality. Although Shakespeare’s audience would have had a positive view of religion and heaven, it is important to point out that those in the play who placed the greatest amount of trust into the protection of God tragically died in the end. Desdemona believed so greatly in the power of God that she told Othello she could not be with him if “the heavens forbid” (2.1.206). She was deeply in love, but cared more about the approval of heaven than her relationship.
William Shakespeare’s “Othello” was a great example to showcase sacrifices made by characters to accomplish revenge or obtain power. Shakespeare told the story of Othello, a tragic hero, who was manipulated by Iago, which motivated him to kill his own wife. From this story, Shakespeare’s main goal was to portray characters making sacrifices for their ambitions. From this play, Shakespeare puts forth the idea of sacrifice through pointing out the importance of reputation and how sacrifices must be made to silence the truth.
Tartuffe uses irony to steal their wealth and seduce Elmire, Orgon’s wife. In Tartuffe, Moliere uses irony to show how Madame Pernelle and Orgon were so easily deceived by Tartuffe and emphasizes the theme of hypocrisy through Tartuffe’s actions, deceit and lies.
Throughout Molière’s ‘Tartuffe” the true intentions of multiple characters are consistently questioned. Different characters involve themselves in self-made delusions for specific reasons, causing the label of ‘hypocrite’ to become a significantly used word. This use of the word ‘hypocrite’ throws everything off balance, forcing the audience to question every statement/event deciding whether or not they are truly sincere. Moliere’s use of hypocrisy when describing Tartuffe brings immediate awareness to the text involving central theme of reason verses emotion, deciding whether or not a characters actions were based on their pure heart or their greed.
Orgon is blinded by his admiration of Tartuffe. Without Orgon seeing for himself, he would never believe that Tartuffe could have deceived him. Moliere makes Tartuffe betrays others by his remarkable gestures of humiliation and aid. Moliere uses satire to emphasize the truth about Tartuffe’s lust for Elmire.
Moliere was born in Paris France on January 15, 1622, the son of prosperous middle class, bourgeois parents. At birth he was named Jean-Baptiste Poquelin and later he adopted and known as Moliere. He was known as a happy go lucky child who tends to satirize his mother’s priest in an immature manner. His parents sent him to great schools to be trained in Law, but would later be disappointed by their son’s choice of career path. After the death of his stepmother who he was close to, he tried his best to follow in his father’s footsteps, but his father’s ruthless and stubborn ways drove Moliere further away by age 21.