After the Civil War, the United States had begun to prosper because of this second industrial revolution. With this property, the people had begun to expand across the whole of the United States causing the frontier line within the US to disappear, which lead to the rise of the idea of imperialism and stronger foreign policy. Because of the rise of yellow journalism, the closing of the frontier line, the expansion of the United States Navy, and the rise of colonization of foreign European powers within Asia, debates and conflicting views had begun to arise on the idea of imperialism and whether or not it is a good idea to expand overseas and become a world power. Advocates for the expansion of the United States argued that it was the duty of …show more content…
These people did not think of the US in the same way, they wanted to stick closer to what George Washington stated in his farewell address. These same people were opposed to different business and military ventures like the Panama Canal. They also opposed the Spanish-American War and the idea of the US as an empire were two things that these same people did not like and stand behind. William Graham Sumner, who was a scholar, was a person that was strictly opposed to the Spanish American War, for he believed that the United States was following the path of Spain and that the U.S. would eventually lose these territories, similar to how Spain did (Doc. 2). Because of the problems at home that the US was having, he thought that these colonies would just cause more problems for the United States and not solve any. There were other anti-imperialists, like Jane Addams, who believed that imperialism lead to militarism. Addams was one of the few people who actually argued that the Spanish-American War caused more problems at home because of how people started to openly hate Spaniards and wanted them dead. This was something that the United States could not stand for in the eyes of her. William Bryan Jennings argued and believed a similar idea to this (Doc. 6). In his beliefs, he thought that the government of the United States could not accurately represent the desires of both citizens and the foreigners equally. During the time of imperialism, Racism was a massive problem that was plaguing the US and this was without the Filipinos so that there was no way that the American people could get along with the Filipinos if they couldn’t with the Blacks and treat them as social and political equals. Some people thought of imperialism as a way for the US to spread its wings of liberty and free the people of other nations, while others knew this was not the case (Doc 7.). One example of
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The United States of America was torn in the year of 1898 along with two of its most influential citizens. In the late 1800s and early 1900s the United States started to become more involved in foreign affairs and the outside world. One of the ways the United States began getting more involved was through imperialism. The thought of imperialism made many people around the United States want to voice their opinions on what America should do. Two of the people who had voiced their opinion were Andrew Carnegie and Albert Beveridge.
The time period of 1750-1900 CE was a time of modernization and westernization following the Enlightenment and Age of Exploration which propelled Europe into being the central power of the world. It started off with the Industrial Revolution in Britain along with the emergence of capitalism which modernized European technology, weaponry, and ideas as well as giving them the desire for wealth all of which created a foundation for European imperialism in various parts of the world. Asia and Africa both fell victim to European imperialism, but to different extents both politically where Asia mostly retained autonomy while Africa fell under direct rule and socially where Africans fell victim to slavery and exploitation to a much greater degree
On top of that, the United States’ southern neighbors in Mexico were in the middle of a revolt. Although Wilson pleased many Americans that feared war in Europe by managing to keep the United States out of World War I, others were highly critical of Wilson’s decisions, portraying him as
American foreign policy during the years 1845-1900 was Manifest Destiny. Manifest Destiny describes what most of the Americans believed in the 19th Century that, it was America’s responsibility to expand westward, and occupy the whole continental nation including Mexico and Canada. This foreign policy turned into American Imperialism, and how America acquired Hawaii, Alaska and led to Cuban Revolution 1953-1959. Manifest Destiny was first used by John O’Sullivan; he supported expansionist agenda of President James K. Polk from 1845-1849. President James K. Polk wanted to expand America westward, “He wanted to officially claim the southern part of Oregon Territory; annex the whole of the American Southwest from Mexico; and annex Texas” (Jones 1).
The United States expanded a lot after the civil war because of the second Industrial Revolution. The second Industrial Revolution brought economic prosperity and overseas expansion. During the beginning of the 20th century, the main topic discussed was foreign policy. There was a divide in the United States. Some people supported the overseas expansion and some people didn't like to get involved in foreign affairs.
Smith 1 Jessica Smith Mr. Dearie AP U.S. History February 5, 15 Imperialism DBQ By 1901, the U.S. acquired exceptional overseas control, the title of a world power, and the third-largest navy in the world. These accomplishments were all mainly because of the current imperialistic philosophies of the age. This caused expansion, colonization, and fierce competition between countries like France, Japan, Britain, and Germany.
During the late 19th and early 20th century the United States began to expand internationally, adopting a new imperialistic foreign policy. While the transition from westward expansion to imperialism was a change geographically, the new imperialistic direction the United States, was taking was a continuation of the old ideas of expanding west. Motives for expansionism remain the same the ideals of westward expansion continuing into a new era of American foreign policy. Much of America’s motive for an aggressive imperialist policy is the desire for land and wealth.
Racial differentiation has been formed throughout history to create and reinforce structures of power. The British as well as the United States have implemented laws to stop others from reining on their hierarchy of power. In the late nineteenth century really hits on this idea, not only on immigration laws but also the impression of prostitution and Venereal Disease. According to the book, “Race Over Empire: Racism and U.S. Imperialism, 1865-1900,” by Eric T. Love, talks about how race has moved, shaped, and inspired the late-nineteenth-century U.S. Imperialism.
Addams gave this speech as a warning and a call back to reality, people really should not be uncovering new problems at the result of Imperialism. Lastly, one of the most Anti-Imperialist men during this time, William Jennings Bryan. During his campaign for presidency, Bryan delivered an amazing speech on the reason why America can not be influenced by Imperialism, “Imperialism is the policy of an empire. And an empire is a nation of different races, living under varying forms of government. A republic cannot be an empire, for a republic rests upon the theory that the government derive their powers from the consent of the governed and colonialism violates this theory.”
Expansionism in America during the late nineteenth and early twentieth century shared many similarities and differences to that of previous American ideals. In both cases of American expansionism, Americans used the theory of manifest destiny to justify their conquests for new territory. Later, Social Darwinism was added to the mix, which made Americans even more big-headed. Both of these theories caused Americans to believe that the United States was superior to other nations and that all lands were theirs for the taking. However, there were also many differences between the two expansionist periods because some people supported imperialism while others were highly opposed to the idea.
At the start of the 19th century, America was already expanding its territory. In 1803, the United States of America had bought the Louisiana Territory, it was bought from France which had made the country two times larger. In 1819 Spain had given up their territory of Florida to the United States. President Monroe issued the “Monroe Doctrine” in 1823, its main purpose was to warn the European countries to not enter the Western Hemisphere. In order for America to achieve its goal of becoming an imperialist nation they had conquered other countries economically, culturally, and with a strong military in the late 1800’s.
When discussing the economics of imperialism, it is important to understand that, similar to many issues of government, usually one party benefits while the other is disadvantaged; the imperial power benefits while the colonized people are negatively affected. The United States in the 1800s and the turn of the 20th century was an imperial power, taking over and expanding our territory to various locations such as Alaska, Hawaii, and other places in the Caribbean area and Latin America. One of the main rationales for imperialism, on the imperial power’s side, is the economic benefits it results in. For example, the United States took control of Hawaii in 1898, mainly because of the fact that Hawaii was the source of a major export good: sugar.
In being an anti-imperialist the worrisome is not that one opposes the idea of expansion of religion, commercial, and constitutional. It’s that with the annexing of these tropical islands would come to a result of the American system of self government would be that America might abandon this idea that makes America that nation it is to this point. Three reasons why the U.S should avoid imperialism is because it fails to follow that criteria of the constitution, could lead to tyrants like behavior, and could lead to conflict One argument that can’t be missed is the fact that the constitutions sets forth a principle that states “consent of the governed” after further research this means that to imperialize and annex other islands would violate