A two-year study conducted in Seattle, 819 female victims of sexual assault, were interviewed about their history of psychiatric disorders. The study found that over 10% of these women diagnosed schizophrenia disorders, and an additional 6 percent diagnosed with bipolar disorder or severe depression, were more likely to have been sexually assaulted by a stranger, attacked by multiple assailants, and severely injured during the attacks. These same women were also more likely to have been homeless or to have spent time in jail than those without mental illness. The author concluded that “sexual assaults in women with a major psychiatric diagnosis are common” and “more violent” compared to women without such diagnoses (Eckert, 2002). In Baltimore, data on physical and sexual abuse collected for one year
When massive amounts of black women are put into prisons with women who carry infectious diseases, it puts the well-being of women of color at risk (Freudenberg). Incarcerated black women face many health problems; research shows that compared to other underprivileged women, “they have higher rates of recent substance use problems, HIV/AIDS, hepatitis C, and other sexually transmitted diseases, and mental health problems” (Freudenberg). In 2004, almost 73% of women in prisons had a mental health problem, or symptoms of a mental disorder, compared to 55% of incarcerated men (Incarcerated Women). These various health problems suffered by black women in prison are something they have to endure for the rest of their
Many of these woman that are currently incarcerated have at some point in their lives experienced some sort of mental, physical, and sexual abuse. Women of color are also 5 times more likely to get incarceration than their white counter parts. The era of mass incarceration is stronger than ever here are that facts and solutions to this problem. Let’s first
In 2012, almost seven thousand inmates were serving life sentences for crimes they committed as juveniles (603). Sentencing and correctional facilities were not insusceptible to the confusion of the times, but also faced additional inconvenience. Sentencing research uncovered major discretion and something unlike anything they have ever seen before, resulting in negative punishments for minorities. The conditions in prisons led to fights and the death/injury of inmates and staff. Crime rates rising, social disobedience, and drug use increasing has alarmed many people (Mackenzie 2013 4).
Dating violence against women has been a complex issue within the criminal justice system for the at least the last fifteen years (Bialo-Padin & Peterson, 2012; O’Dell, 2007). Even though there has been progress in establishing equality for women in regards to treatment, sadly dating violence against women continues to affect roughly 17.7 percent to 35.5 percent of women starting in thier teenage years (Largio, 2007). There are a number of issues that impede justice for women such as mandatory arrest laws which may include the arrest of the victim (Buzawa, Faggiani, Hirschel & Pattavina, 2007). In addition, women face a criminal justice system that is patriarchal (O 'Dell, 2007). Also, when women deal with the criminal justice system they
The abundance of people on opioid medications for pain management in Alabama is a harsh reality. Education is of paramount importance when dealing with opioid medications. Many people can become addicted and even lead to an overdose without proper counseling and education on these medications that have high tendencies for addiction. In 2015, 736 people died of drug overdoses in Alabama, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, a 3.3 percent increase over the previous year. However, from 2013 to 2014 there was a 20 percent increase in drug overdoses.
7-8% of the population has suffered from PTSD at some point in their life. It is more common in women, as 10% of females have experienced PTSD versus 4% of males. It can be caused by neglect, abuse, assault of any kind (ex: sexual assault, emotional assault, etc) seeing a death or war, and several other experiences that can damage someone mentally. Several of these causes apply to Huckleberry Finn, which makes him an appropriate example of the mental illness. Things that can trigger Huck’s PTSD include, seeing dead bodies, seeing
Thousands of people would not benefit from outpatient treatment and often found themselves under-employed, homeless, victims of crime, in nursing homes, in residential treatment homes, in a correctional facility, and more likely to suffer from substance abuse disorders. These compounding factors are the foundation of the phenomenon called “Criminalization of the Mental Ill.” People with a serious mental illness are more likely to be arrested, incarcerated, and sentenced to more time than those not suffering from a mental illness. Contrary to stereotypes, people with a serious mental illness are more likely to be a victim of a crime. Even if the concept of diverting potential clients to alternative community programs was created at the inception of deinstitutionalization, it was not implemented into the criminal justice system until 1988 when the first Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) was developed. The Memphis Police Department developed the program after one of its officers shot and killed a man who suffered from a mental illness.
In the article, the authors argue “these children are at greater risk for emotional and behavioral problems than other children, and that their household income and stability is often adversely affected by parental incarceration” (Beck & Jones, 2008, p. 128). Undoubtedly, children are greatly affected by a parent being put to death by the state and their community supporting that execution. Intense media attention during the execution date increases pain and anxiety. Following this further, the authors make the argument “Children of incarcerated parents are five times more likely to be incarcerated than children whose parent was not incarcerated” (Beck & Jones, 2008, p. 192-193). Consequently, this study conducted shows that children of incarcerated parents needs assistance with dealing with grief through counseling or other type of programming.
What is the greatest issue facing women in America today? This is a difficult question to answer but it can be reasonably assumed that domestic violence is one of the strongest front runners. More than 4 million women experience domestic violence each year in the United States, meaning that 1 in 4 women will face this issue in their lifetimes (Safe Horizon). In the last largest study on domestic violence it was found that intimate partner violence made up 20% of all nonfatal violent crime committed against women in 2001 and accounted for 33% of all female murders (American Bar Association). Two thirds of females killed by firearms were killed by their intimate partners and this is three times higher than the total number of males murdered by
Mental health in a correctional setting The numbers of people with mental illnesses are rising at a high rate within jails and prisons. The United States has the highest per capita rate of people incarcerated in the world. Statistically people who have some sort of mental illness have a greater risk of being incarcerated than those without. Why is this? Over the last ten to twelve years, a large amount of treatment facilities have shut down due to funding (What source?).
Of women in violent relationships, 77% who present to the emergency department do so for reasons that isn’t trauma. However the percentage of women with domestic violence and related symptoms who present to an emergency department with any complaint range from 22-35%, when patients requesting non-trauma, prenatal, or psychiatric care are included. Abused patients who attend for any other medical problems resulting from a violent milieu are said to suffer from chronic domestic