The Dawes Act was created for the government’s goal to divide up the tribal land among individual natives. After the tribes were in reservations the government wanted them to become more selfish so they came up with the idea of giving them one hundred and sixty acres and American citizenship if they agreed to town land but it didn’t work very
With them came smallpox, measles, chicken pox, influenza, and many other diseases. “Before the arrival of Columbus, Native American disease wasn’t dominant in the land. Due to the lack of exposure of disease in their younger years, Native Americans were vulnerable to the European diseases that would come with the Columbian Exchange. The diseases would soon destroy many societies of the ancient Aztec, Maya, and Inca. Through many estimates it is foreseen that alien diseases caused over 50% deaths of the Native American population.
Some people rejected the idea and did not feel it was right to support the Indian Removal Act. But the actions caused by that where very harsh and taken very badly for the Native Americans. Even all the people in the south were for it and it wasn’t even alright for the Native Americans. “The New Echta treaty was used to expel 1,700 Cherokee's from their Southern homelands. In the winter of 1838- 1839, 14,000 sauntered 1.200 miles through Tennessee, Kentucky, Illinois, Missouri, and Arkansas into Indian land.
In 1838, the Cherokees were forced to give up their lands and to migrate to present-day Oklahoma, due to the signing of The Treaty of New Echota. The Cherokees were deported from their homes, betrayed by the government whom they treated with respect, separated them from their land that they nurtured; the Cherokee struggled to understand how to make a new life. The Indian Removal led to thousands of Cherokees to die due to starvation, diseases, and exhaustion during their march known as The Trail of Tears. This paper will discuss the effects it had on the Cherokees and what has happened during the trail. During the Indian removal, there were some emotional events that happened between Maritole and Knobowtee.
The seventh president of the United States was Andrew Jackson. He was accused of the slaughter of the Cherokee Indians, but can he be found innocent. There are a few reasons for his innocence like, he did give the indians two years to get ready for departure instead of kicking them out automatically. Also he actually didn’t want to remove them at first. He also told them that they would find food and clothing for all .
In the late 1830’s, where the United States was growing rapidly, whites faced an obstacle while trying to settle in the South. This area of land was home of the Cherokee and other Indian tribes. The Cherokee Indians signed treaties hoping that white settlers would not come for their land. Prompted by the state of Georgia along with the president, Andrew Jackson, whom did not like Indians, expelled the Cherokee Indians from their homeland. Cherokee’s pleas to Georgia and the Supreme Court did little to stop their removal.
Those who did not move to reservations where wiped out. Some Comanche bands, like the Penateka whose band was weaken from continuous fighting with the Texan and the depletion of the buffalo herds in 1854 willingly moved onto a reservation. In 1867 saw the last treaty made with the Comanche under the Treaty of the Medicine Lodge Creek which established a reservation for the Comanche, Kiowa, and Apache Kiowa was made. Once the Comanche where forced onto the reservation their population was very low only about 1,600 forcing them to restructure Comanche lifestyle
The first village built by the English was named “James Fort” in honor of their monarch. Within two weeks the Indians, known as the Powhatan’s, found out from the Secotans (North Carolina Native Americans), where most of the recent settlements got “lost”, so they attacked the village. The attack was a failure because the British drew out the Indians with cannons and muskets. After the British drove the Indians away showing more power they also had disadvantages, most of the settlers were trained soldiers and gentries which means they didn’t have enough farmers and farm land to feed all 150 colonists. By the first half of September more than half of the James Fort city (later Jamestown) colonists died, taking the Powhatan’s to pity.
State government, settlers, pressured the federal government to take Indian land for their own beneficial use and more than one hundred thousand Indians from the Southwest were forced off their land and moved to reservations west of the Mississippi River. As a result of white settlers coming to the Mississippi, the government had to do something. Federal relations with Indian tribes were centered on trading, wars, and treaty making. In an 1831 decision, the Supreme Court described tribes as "domestic dependent nations" that had broad latitude to create their own laws within tribal areas. (e.g.
The Trail of Tears event of the removal of the Indians happened in 1838. “At the beginning of the 1830s, nearly 125,000 Native Americans lived on millions of acres of land in Georgia, Tennessee, Alabama, North Carolina and Florida–land their ancestors had occupied and cultivated for generations.”(History.com Staff). In this event, the Cherokee community of Native Americans was forced by the US government to move from their native home in the Southern part of the contemporary America to what is known as the Indian territories in Oklahoma. Arguments over land, restrictions, and laws were common amongst the Indians and settlers/whites. The settlers also called the “white men” believed that the movement of the Indians would bring peace.