In 1887 Native Americans were seen as uncivilized in the United States and were prevented from acquiring the benefits of American life. So in an attempt to educate and assimilate the Native American children into the American society, boarding schools were established. However, as time went on these Indian Boarding schools became so much about helping the children adapt to the American culture that they were beaten and punished if they showed any signs of their old tribal life. This idea of abolishing the outward and inward signs of tribal life within the Native American children expresses Pratt’s statement “Kill the Indian…save the man.”
These schools forcefully broke up families, stripped kids of their culture, and sent them back, seemingly without an identity. They were given new names, new clothes, short hair, and many other different things, dividing them from their families. These institutions were abusive, and caused great harm to the cultures of the indigenous tribes. Though the schools came with a promise that they would offer the Native American children a better future, this was simply not the case. Racism prevented any Indian, no matter how assimilated, from being truly accepted and equal in the eyes of the American population.
Lynda Barry in her article The Sanctuary of School talks about how for some kids their school is their safe haven. She shows how valuable extracurricular activities and after school programs are when she says,” Before and after school programs are cut and we are told that public school are not made for baby-sitting children. If parents are neglectful temporarily or permanently, for whatever reason, it’s certainly sad, but their unlucky children must fend for themselves. (Barry 724-725) There are children in our communities that depend on the school to keep them safe and to offer protection when their parents are unable to do that but the schools are
There were many reasons for children to enter into the boarding schools. In some cases children were rounded up and transported to the schools without permission from their parents, some parents chose to send their children because of the lack of resources they had to care for the children, and still others thought that the education would be beneficial in the ever changing society. The reasons for sending the children were diverse. Towards the end of what is now called “The Indian Boarding school era” it was estimated that by 1931, two-thirds of Native Americans have attended a boarding school (Warne, & Lajimodiere, 2015).
Remembering how difficult the language was to speak and understand he urged military leaders to use the language in a code. Leaders finally took a chance and recruited 30 Navajos to test out the code.(McCabe) Because the Navajo people didn’t keep birth records many of the Navajos were able to lie about their age and enlist with the original 30, people as young as 15 were enlisted. During training one Navajo dropped out due to undocumented reasons. In the 19th century the US government persecuted the Navajos, forcing the children to stop speaking and learning the language in boarding schools designed to eradicate the Native American culture.(Kirkus Reviews)
In the PBS documentary A Class Divided third grade teacher Jane Elliot tried an experiment to let a class of her third graders experience discrimination. For Jane Elliot’s third grade class in a small town in Iowa discrimination was unheard of because there was only white Christians living in the town. She separated her class based on eye color, so one day she made the kids with blue eyes be superior and the kids with brown eyes be inferior. She did multiple test to see if the way they were treated changed the way they learned. The next day she switched it, so the kids with blue eyes were now inferior and the kids with brown eyes were superior.
Luke feels left out and should have a choice to be a citizen and go outside no matter what the law says. The tone in the “Among The Hidden” is sad and lonely. It is sad and lonly because Luke is forced to stay inside a black room with no windows or light. The darkness of his room explains the sad and scary tone. “He hadn’t left the house in a week now, and could almost hear the outdoors calling him.
Growing up in a single parents house is difficult for any child. You have to grow up with just the guidance of both parents. You don 't get they love from the mother or the strictness of their father. The children who have to go through this tragic event go through a lot of denial, grief and even depression. You have to watch your parents go from loving each other, to being pushed so far apart.
The purpose of indian schools, to force Native Americans to conform to “american” customs, was fulfilled through these actions. Children were forced to abandon their own religion, and attend sunday school . However, the Religious Freedom Act of 1934 restricted schools from forcing religion onto the schools, albeit many schools continued to do
For example, the smallpox vaccination was often thought of as a threat by the Native American people. Even in 1796 when Edward Jenner’s demonstration showed how the vaccine helped, the Native Americans still often refused it. They thought it was a way for the “white” people to harm them. After many natives refused to receive the vaccine several died.
Claudia, who had a lot of emotional support from her family didn’t show any signs of less-than-good mental health. Holden, however, wasn’t always supported enough and as a result, his mental health was not very good, he got the help he needed. Pecola was in a very unfortunate situation, she was neglected totally by her parents, she was raped and impregnated by her father at a very young age and lost the baby, which caused her to be extremely mentally unstable and no one ever really tried to help her. This is proof that children need support to have decent mental
As a kid I remember going to school and hating it. The white people were always better and always had the nicer things. I had to go to school in fear of getting beat up, questioned by all my teachers as if I was dumb, segregated down to the drinking fountain and more. But with the court case Brown vs. Board of Education things started to slowly change. It happened slowly and still isn’t perfect, but change was happening.
Tensions with the Native American tribes continued well into the nineteenth century despite efforts on their part of capitulation, assimilation, appeasement and resistance. As the federal government realized that their theory that the Native Americans had been conquered was incorrect they began to establish policy that would assimilate the Indians into white society and culture, but also facilitated the tribes losing their lands to white settlers. (Nash, et al., 2007., p. 255) Assimilation tactics varied and one such way was done through regulation of the fur trade.