The first time that Canada independently signed an international agreement was at the Treaty of Versailles in 1919. Many historians believe that the success that Canadians experienced at Vimy Ridge was a major contributing factor to this decision, as Canadian Prime Minister Robert Borden was able to negotiate with Britain by pointing to the fact that Canada had independently taken the Ridge so why could they not sign the Treaty of Versailles independently? The fact that Canada signed the Treaty independently demonstrates the beginning of a transition from colony to independent nation in the eyes of the international political community – and it all started with Vimy Ridge in
Canada has many events that had helped shape our country today. Some events were minor events, while some events had major parts in the creation of Canada. I think Confederation, The Rebellions of 1838 to 1838, and The Quebec Act of 1774, were all very important events in the history of Canada. Confederation was important because if Canada hadn’t joined together to form a strong alliance against enemies, their foes could’ve come in and stolen Rupert’s Land so a lot of what is now Canada would be part of the US. This would make Canada even weaker and the US would take the Maritime “provinces” and then attempt to take over the rest of Canada, and in the event it happened, Canada would no longer exist and much of North America would now be part of the US.
In 1982, Canada had almost gained its long awaited goal of complete independence from Britain. However, the British still had control over their most important document; the Constitution. By 1982, Trudeau believed that he had achieved enough goals as Prime Minister in order to convince the British to sign over the Constitution to Canada. This would be an extremely controversial and beneficial agreement for Canada, as they would have the power to govern themselves completely without being ordered by other parties. However, many Canadian leaders tried and failed in the past to patriate the Constitution, and trying to do so would be a huge political risk.
One of the main reasons why the Provinces Of Canada joined confederation was that the Prime Minister, John A. Macdonald promised the Provinces that he would build a Railroad that stretched across Canada. In the time period of 1885, the Canadian Pacific Railroad was near to bankrupt and was yet to be completed. Coincidentally, the North-West Rebellion of 1885 was also in action at the same time. Macdonald realized the best way for the construction to be completed was to send the money to go to good use. Once the railroad was completed, the Canadian Government would be able to send more troops in shorter amounts of time to fight of Riel’s rebellion.
The first crucial strategy employed by European colonization were political-based influences. The political strategy used by the Europeans played an essential role in past and present day Montreal/Quebec. In September 1759, Quebec was put under British rule. Montreal was placed under British rule the year after (Massicotte, 2013). This event was crucial in terms of the beginning of the political shift that took place in Montreal and Quebec as a whole.
All of these happen during English , French, Spain people settle in the New World (Alchin Linda). The Native tribes joined together was to have the whole map of North America, so they can strategize if they were attacked by the White man (Loretta Hall). During the French and Indian War there were many different Indian tribes that joined sides, Mohawk at that time joined the British because, the British told them that they can still have their land if they fought with them. After the war, they signed a Treaty of Canandaigua so they can move to Canada. Some of the Mohawk people moved to Canada and some of them stay in North America (Alchin Linda).
Canada is considered a representative democracy because it instead elects representatives to represent the public. This now means that technically that the public should hold all power, and that the representatives should have equal power and no one can be above another. However, that doesn’t seem to be the case in the majority of Canada’s legislature.
For the majority of the twentieth century British dominance and power over Aboriginal people was continuously encountered. Aboriginal Protection Boards were put into operation with the purpose of adjusting the lives of Aborigines as a mechanism for Aboriginal advancement. However, the measures used by Aboriginal Protection Boards were centred on the authority of the British over the Indigenous people and was another form of dispossession, control and discrimination. The efforts of the British to dispossess and segregate the Aborigines and achieve total supremacy is evident through the Aboriginal Protection Boards ' attempts of incarcerating the Aborigines in reserves, the discrimination towards Aboriginal children and the treatment of Aboriginal
Trudeau’s multiculturalism concept became the hallmark of his government’s domestic policy and, arguably, the one with the greatest lasting impact on Canadian society. Trudeau’s multiculturalism mentality for a Canadian citizenry was a radical departure from the two-founding nation myth mentality that previous Canadian Prime Ministers had reinforced as a policy, primarily as a means to placate Quebec. This concept, that immigrants could come to Canada and become Canadian citizens while keeping their cultural heritage and traditions, was a stark departure from the previous policies, emphasizing either French-Canadian or, to a greater extent, British-Canadian heritage. In addition, prior to Trudeau’s multiculturalism concept, the Canadian government emphasized that immigrants were to abandon their cultural heritage and traditions, in order to obtain full citizenship. This even applied to the French-English conflict.
Another steps to become an independent country Britain being the Empire of Canada, England had significant amount of control over Canada’s external affairs. When Halibut Treaty was signed between Canada and America, Canada just took another step towards its independence of England and being its own country and not a dominion. The Halibut Treaty was signed on 2 March, 1923 between Canada and America. This treaty was a huge step for Canada, as it basically meant that Canada would trade with United States more often. This treaty was mainly created because of concerns in fishing rights in the Pacific Ocean.
There is plenty of blame to go around, but blame is counterproductive to the accuracy of history. No one wants to be the “bad guy,” so an environment free of judgement is important for recording experiences as accurately as possible. It is through this that we can create a more detailed account of what happened. Residential Schools are necessary to Canadian history. The indigenous people were Canadians long before it was colonized by European powers.
There are many moments in Canada’s history that served to define the country. Some of these moments include Confederation in 1867, the discovery of insulin by Dr. Frederick Banting and his assistant Charles Best, the implementation of free health Care, the Canadian and Soviets hockey series in which Canada won, and many more. But, as argued in this paper, is the Canada Act in 1982. (It is important to keep in mind the Constitution Act, 1982 was annexed as a part of the Canada Act and may be referred to in this paper.) The Canada Act served to give Canada, and its populace, the greatest amount of independence and freedom that it has ever experienced, politically, culturally, and legally.
John A. MacDonald and Alexander Mackenzie were both Prime minister of Canada who sought to do the best for their country. Due to them being in opposite political parties, they both had different policies that they wanted to imply on Canada. McDonald 's policies were, the National Policy, the creation of the Canadian Pacific railway, slowing down the development of the Supreme court and the Royal military college. While Mackenzie 's policy was to increase free trade with the US, make Canada more independent, and cancels the building of the railway. Nevertheless, MacDonald was the one who I believe benefitted Canada 's future.. With MacDonald ordering the construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway throughout all of Canada.
Over the past few decades, there has been many distinct perspectives and conflicts surrounding the historical context between the Indigenous peoples in Canada and the Canadian Government. In source one, the author P.J Anderson is trying to convey that the absolute goal of the Indian Residential School system in Canada has been to assimilate the Indian nation and provide them with guidance to “ forget their Indian habits”, and become educated of the “ arts of civilized life”, in order to help them integrate into society and “become one” with their “White brethren”. It is clearly evident throughout the source that the author is supportive of the Indian residential school system and strongly believes that the Indian residential School System