Heath and Low Socioeconomic Status Class When examining the health status of Canadians, one may not recognize the flaws of inequality. When looked into further is it evident that not all Canadians are on equal playing fields when it comes to access of health. The concept of social determinant of health, taps into the idea that there are social barriers and obstacle in our society that present challenges for certain social groups and their access to health care. One group of Canadians who experience the effects of inequality in our health care system, are those individuals living in lower socioeconomic status. Research has shown that those individuals are the prominent group that use the health care system in Canada. “individuals whose socioeconomic …show more content…
“Under this system, all Canadian residents have reasonable access to medically necessary hospital and physician services without paying out-of-pocket” (Government of Canada, 2016) However, the medical funded system instills equality, but it does not provide equity. Medicare provides Canadians with the same platform for health care opportunities but does not take into full consideration the diverse needs of certain populations within Canada. For some populations such as those living in low socio-economic status, the government provides some extra funding, however, it is not adequate. “in an attempt to reduce such health disparities…Evaluations of these systems have repeatedly demonstrated that they have failed to eliminate socioeconomic differences in health outcomes”(p.382, Godley) Conflict theory digs into and examines the inequalities in regard to the structures of classes. “in conflict theory, all social arrangements… have a political and economic bases and consequences” (p.10, Clarke) It is evident that health care is no stranger to this concept of class structures and the inequalities that are result from it. The government makes all the major decisions and implements the rules in regulations when it comes to health care. While individuals with low socio-economic statuses feel abandoned and suffer from the …show more content…
For those who may not have as large of an income as other Canadians, access to to healthy food can be difficult. Prepackaged and and fast food tend to be more readily available and a cheaper alternative to nutritious options. In turn, the consumption of fast food and prepackaged food can lead to many health issues, such as obesity, diabetes, or high blood pressure. Another area of underlying health contributors is living conditions. Those who are living in low socio-economic status may have living conditions that expose more health risk factors. “A notable example of the link between disparities in indoor environmental exposures and health effects is childhood lead poisoning attributable to deteriorating lead paint and lead-contaminated soil.”(p. 1650, Adamkiewicz, et, al) Lead poising is just one example of indoor living conditions that contribute to heath concerns, others consisting of, exposure to pest allergens, second hand smoke, pesticides and other chemical
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Pat Armstrong’s thesis in Managing Care the Canadian Way, is that expanding Canada’s public health care system the way that Canada has been doing so for the last 30 years, rather than privatizing it the way the United States’ health care system runs, is the best way to improve it. Armstrong argues that Canadian health care as a non-profit system is superior to the largely profited and privately administrated services in the United States. Canada has begun to bring American style health care into the system and Armstrong believes that this will have a negative impact on the Canadian health system in cost, accessibility and quality of health care. The strategies used in Canadian Medicare to manage costs are much more effective than managed care in the United States.
“Poverty must not be a bar to learning and learning must be an escape from poverty” this was said by Lyndon B Johnson in 1964 and the problem he was addressing back then, has grown and become far larger and more destructive. The average Canadian student acquires 27,000$ of debt trying to earn what in our society today is necessary, to live a safe, happy and fulfilling life. Without higher education you are not likely to be able to do what you want with your life. Within the last two decades university prices have doubled and along with it so have interest rates. This enforces and maintains the trend of the rich staying rich and the poor staying poor; because of the high price less wealthy people are unlikely to be able to afford university and get a good job.
Canadians take pride in their health care system; however, most Canadians are unaware of the disparities that exist for transgender persons within health care. Being ridiculed, denied care, or treated unjustly because of a self-identification as transgender goes against the core values of the nursing profession (Canadian Nurses Association, 2009); despite this, ten percent of transgender participants in the Ontario Trans PULSE survey reported that they had experienced these demonstrations of prejudice when accessing emergency room services. This statistic may be lower than the reality due to transgender persons frequently avoiding the health care system (Bauer & Scheim, 2015). According to the Canadian Nurses Association (CNA) Code of Ethics (2009) nursing staff are expected to provide, “safe, compassionate, competent, and ethical care” (p. 3); however, due to lack of policies and lack of education nursing staff and physicians are detrimentally adding to the stressors of transgender life.
For example, food insecurity is considered a major social determinant of health. Food Insecurity occurs when people do not have access to adequate and nutritional foods necessary to maintain a healthy lifestyle (Lombe et al, 2016). There is a direct relationship between one’s social economic status and the type of food they can afford. Households living below the poverty line lack the resources financially to afford healthier or organic food alternatives. What is more, they may not have the means of transportation to get to those supermarkets where healthier foods are sold.
Health Care in the US is arguably available to all who seek it but not everybody has had the same experience and treatment when walking through the doors of a healthcare facility. In many cases, people are discriminated against due to their gender, race/ethnicity, age, and income and are often provided with minimal service. Differences between groups in health coverage, access to care, and quality of care is majorly affected through these disparities. Income is a major factor and can cause groups of people to experience higher burden of illness, injury, disability, or mortality relative to another group.
One of the most important social issues that this project would like to address is health care in Canada. Health infrastructure is a national priority, where the seventy-seven percent of Canadians say "that while governments mostly talk about the need to invest in roads and bridges, investing in aging hospitals is a higher priority." According to various sources and studies, Canadians believe that tremendous changes and reforms are required. Ninety-one percent of Canadians believe that the health care system could improve the quality of care through greater efficiency, and sixty-four percent says that the Canadian system is falling behind its international counterparts. Unless government act to address these problems, the studies suggest
The one major difference between the Canadian health care system and the American health care system is that is that they have a privatized health care system. A documentary such as “Sicko directed by Michael Moore” demonstrates the crisis of American citizens without health care coverage. Canada’s universal health care system ensures those who cannot pay for health to not suffer, contrary to the Sicko
Towards towards the end of the book Martin thoroughly discusses the importance of scaling up successful solutions on a nationwide basis instead of focusing on more money and more doctors in order to improve the healthcare system. After catching the attention of Canadians Martin decided to write the book, composed of 6 “Big” ideas she believes could help address the critics of Canada’s system. Although I agree with most of the arguments put forward by the author, like organizing the medical system will yield to shorter wait times an better service, it seems to have a some Liberal bias attached to them. For instance, in Big Idea 2, the author mentions the nation’s drug problem and believes that prescription drugs should be covered under Medicare, which on paper sounds great however, the money for those pills needs to come from somewhere. In 2017, Canada has spent nearly $242B on healthcare alone (or $6,604/per person).
For both the uninsured group and those who are eligible for government assistance because of their low economic position, access to health is limited by the number of private providers willing to treat them. In many cases private providers are linked to particular private health insurance companies and won 't accept patients outside their network. These people must then rely on the overburdened public health system for care, and as such usually only seek treatment in emergencies. The public health system, while filled with competent staff, is nevertheless restricted by its funding and can therefore not always provide all these patients with the best quality of care. The inequality in health care access is a continuing issue in America and as such it is important for future consumers and workers on the Foothill College campus to have a thorough understanding of the issue so they can move to improve the problem in the
Health care should not be considered a political argument in America; it is a matter of basic human rights. Something that many people seem to forget is that the US is the only industrialized western nation that lacks a universal health care system. The National Health Care Disparities Report, as well as author and health care worker Nicholas Conley and Physicians for a National Health Program (PNHP), strongly suggest that the US needs a universal health care system. The most secure solution for many problems in America, such as wasted spending on a flawed non-universal health care system and 46.8 million Americans being uninsured, is to organize a national health care program in the US that covers all citizens for medical necessities.
Since the life of no single human being is more important than the other, the poor can be able to get the exact same medical service as the rich in normal circumstances. Thus the access is based on need, and not ability to pay. (Armstrong, 2006) This module of health care benefits Canadians for varies reasons. First of
Canada enjoys the benefits of a “universal” insurance plan funded by the federal government. The idea of having a publicly administered, accessible hospital and medical services with comprehensive coverage, universality and portability has its own complex history, more so, than the many challenges in trying to accommodate the responsibility of a shared-cost agreement between federal and provincial governments. (Tiedemann, 2008) Canada’s health care system has gone through many reforms, always with the intent to deliver the most adequate health care to Canadians. The British North American Act, Hospital Insurance and Diagnostic Services Act, Saskatchewan’s Medical Care Act, and the Canada Health Act are four Acts that have played an important
This essay aims to identify and evaluate the inequalities in health care in different areas of society, namely disability and gender. Firstly, it is important to understand what we mean by health inequalities. It is commonly understood that health inequality refers to unjust differences in the health status, usually preventable, between different groups, populations or individuals. The existence of such inequalities is attributed to the unequal distributions of social, environmental and economic conditions within societies. Such conditions determine the risk of individuals getting ill, their ability to prevent sickness, as well as opportunities to access to the right treatments.
Health Care is a huge and important part of Canada and what it is. Canadian citizens all have access to Canada 's healthcare system known as `Medicare`. Medicare is managed by the federal government delivered through a publicly funded health care system, in cooperation with the 10 provinces and 3 territories. Under the health care system, individual citizens are provided preventative care and medical treatments from primary care physicians as well as access to hospitals, dental surgery, and additional medical services. With a few exceptions, all citizens qualify for health coverage regardless of medical history, personal income, or standard of living.