Eloquently proposed by John Fitzgerald Kennedy to Congress on May 25, 1961, the Apollo Program, or “Project Apollo,” was the US National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s third exploratory program and the first project worldwide to attempt the tremendous endeavor putting a man on the moon (Britannica). After sufficient feasibility studying over a five year period, the first flight, unmanned, was launched in 1966. Two years later, the first flight with a trained crew onboard took place (Apollo 7, October 1968). Overall, the 11-year-long project sent 19 different spacecrafts into the atmosphere using multiple launch vehicle designs, including the Little Joe II and the Saturn rocket series. Subsequently, it achieved a fairly …show more content…
Subsequent generations became convinced that the only way to truly learn was through experience and that this experience was worth not only economic investment to them, but also sometimes the loss of health or life (Barry). Twelve astronauts bet on the uncertainty of safe return and ended up being the first people on the moon. Soon the public was questioning ‘why not me?’ and hoping to be part of something bigger than themselves alone (Spudis). Technologically speaking, it also spurred massive growth. The mission contributed benefits to at least 6,300 other American inventions “that we use on a daily basis such as microwaves, satellites, and computing to air treatment and countless other spinoffs.” Overall, Apollo inspired the up and coming “generation of innovators, technologists, mathematicians, dreamers, scientists and engineers.” Experts go so far to that, “it [the Moon Landing] confirmed that, if you could dream it, arouse it, campaign it, and finance it, almost anything could be accomplished” (The Continued Socioeconomic Impact…). Notwithstanding the severe criticism due to excessive spending during a time that most categorized as peace (Gisler and Sornette, Bubbles in Society), Project Apollo was absolutely worth the investments that went into
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The preceding information might make you think that this was the worst time in human history, but the news was not all bad. New thoughts and ideas, and amazing inventions drastically decreased the cost of manufacturing many products. And, of course, inventions require inventors. This new age of scientific enlightenment and
It influenced Canadian citizens’ lives a lot, simulating the cooperations with other counties and it also benefited the world a lot as well. Innovations could bring people a better life. Indeed, the high-tech products and new technology coming from the Space Race period did make the Canadian people’s
By 1962 The United States was able to send the first person to orbit around Earth which led to the Apollo Project being put into place. The project was a part of President John F. Kennedy's plan to reach the moon before the end of the decade (Seedhouse 195). The Apollo project hit its first major setback in January 1967 after an aircraft caught on fire killing three astronauts. A year prior to this strategy the chief engineer of the Soviet space program passed. By 1968 the United States sent out Apollo 8 which successfully orbited the moon.
The Space Race While the Cold War was going on the Soviets send their first probe to orbit the moon... Luna 2.Then in 1961 the Soviets send the first man to orbit the Earth (Yuri Gagarin) flying in the Vostok 1. (“Apollo 11”) A month later on May 5th the first American was sent to space (but not to orbit.)Apollo 8 was launched from Cape Kennedy at 7:50 A.M. on December,21,1968,Apollo 8’s mission goal was to orbit the moon. It was a successful, mission (Udvar).
Inventions such as the sewing machine, telephone, and the light bulb helped with everyday lives and social interactions. Such as the telephone, help others to communicate with each other much more quickly instead of sending mail which can take weeks or traveling long distances to say hello. Also, these inventions that were being created help create new factory jobs for thousands of people. For instances, the sewing machine. “I have a very good boarding place, have enough to eat… The girls are all kind and obliging… I think that the factory is the best place for me and if any girl wants employment, I advise them to come to Lowell.”
From the years 1958-1970, Defense’s budget increased; however, NASA’s budget decreased. On May 25, 1961, President John F. Kennedy (J.F.K) stood before Congress to give a special message on urgent national needs. He asked for an extra seven to nine billion dollars throughout the next five years in the space program (NASA); Congress gave J.F.K the money he requested. From the years 1961-1964, NASA’s budget grew almost 500 percent. The lunar landing program eventually called for 34,000 NASA workers and 375,000 workers of industrial and university contractors.
In a time of separation and unrest, the United States needed to be a united front against a common enemy with a common goal. The United States used the technological advances in space exploration and the rivalry with the Soviet Union to unite the citizens when tension was great among them. Space exploration milestones that occurred in the 1960s were important to the sense of pride of United States citizens. The Atlas Program and the Apollo Program were major successes in the eyes of the United States and set them apart from their opponent in the space race, the Soviet Union. Space exploration was very important to the 1960s because amongst the chaos of the revolutionary decade, the government was still able to boost morale and restore people’s
When it was launched, there was fear about the spacecraft breaking down by the time Neil Armstrong and his crew returns back to Earth. Even with these risks in place, the mission turned out to be a success. The moon was still completely undiscovered because of the primitive technology at that time. There was a risk Neil and his crewmates would die; however, it was a risk they were willing to take, so they set out to explore the Moon in 1969. They succeeded in their mission and came back to Earth safely, and the aftermath?
In 1957 with the launch of sputnik, the first satellite, the soviet had beaten the United States in the space race. Kennedy worried that soviet success in space might convince the world that communism was better than capitalism. Kennedy went before congress and declared: “I believed this Nation should commit itself to achieving the goal, before this decade is out, of landing a man on the moon. On July 16, 1969, a Saturn V lifted off in Florida, carrying three American astronauts. Armstrong became the first human being to walk on the moon.
After the launch of Yurin Garry President John F. Kennedy made a famous speech which included a goal for the U.S., which was to make it to the moon before the decade ended. This is important (in my opinion) because it showed that he believed in America and that space is the next frontier for us. On July 20, 1969 Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin became the first men to set foot on the moon right before the decade ended. This accomplishment made President John F. Kennedy's goal, and completed one of the biggest accomplishments the U.S. had made in the Space Race. Not only did the U.S. make it to the moon first but but by default they won the Space Race, making Russia the “loser” and the “Villain” of the story.
The purpose of this speech is to get the USA motivated to charge forward in the scientific community mainly backing the Apollo program and show the Russians that our technology is far superior to theirs. The setting was September 12, 1962 during the height of the cold war and space race. The speaker demonstrates his credibility (ethos) by showing us his knowledge of scientific events that changed the world and scientific facts such as how fast objects reenter the atmosphere showing that he knows a few things about space and he should be trustworthy when it comes to policies regarding space. Kennedy demonstrates his Knowledge of the Mariner spacecraft by
This was an enormous event in NASA history, their biggest accomplishment ever. A main player in the early history of NASA, was no other than John F. Kennedy. He delivered a motivating speech setting a goal most believed impossible. It gave people a goal to look forward to, a destination people want to help reach. NASA’s funding was at its peak when it accounted for 4.41% of the US federal budget, in the heat of the Cold War (Rodgers, 2010, p.1).
In 1961, John F. Kennedy announced his submission to the “space race”. It was a mission he was determined to win against the Soviet Union, that had been going on since 1957. Although all they did was send a small satellite into space orbiting the earth, it had been a competition against the Russian and American scientist to witness who would perform the next break though in space travel. As a matter of fact, Kennedy announced his plan to Congress on May 2, 1961 that it was time for the nation to take action by being the first to take on a space achievement. As a result, Kennedy established taking the dramatic goal of taking on space travel by announcing his famous speech.
The 1960’s were a period of social turmoil. The cold war had been brewing and was a contest of nationalistic interests between the US and Soviet Union to compete for militaristic, economic, social, and technological might. As the cold war culminated and became increasingly competitive, the United States and Soviets competed in the phenomenon called the Space Race, a competition between the two countries for supremacy in the frontier that is space. Although the Soviets reached space itself before the Americans, The United States took the advantage by landing the first people on the moon using the Apollo 11 spacecraft. The Apollo 11 moon landing influenced American nationalism in the late 1960s and early 70s by inciting a positive public reaction
When Neil Armstrong first touched down on the moon in 1969, millions of people watched him take the first step and create history (Villard). Yet even as we’ve moved on from the moon landings and consider them as a pivotal point for mankind, “Forty years after U.S. astronaut Neil Armstrong became the first human to set foot on the moon, many conspiracy theorists still insist the Apollo 11 moon landing was an elaborate hoax”(Than). The idea that our voyage to the moon was deliberately staged seems to resurface year after year. While the conspiracy theorists claim the moon landing was a hoax, creating a fake moon landing would have been more expensive and difficult than actually reaching the moon. The race to the moon began on October 5, 1957, when the Soviet Union launched Sputnik into orbit around the earth: “When the Soviet Union launched the satellite Sputnik, on October 4, 1957, the United States experienced a technological identity crisis”(Olson).