The results of the trial in Stamford was that Mercy Disborough was temporarily convicted of witchcraft while Goody Clawson was acquitted. The consequences for Mercy Disborough were that despite months and jail and continued peer accusation, she was acquitted. The consequences for the townspeople are blurrier, but it is evident that persistent hysteria was not one of them.
The CSI effect describes the way CSI is exaggerated on crime television shows such as CSI: Crime Scene Investigation and Sherlock which influences public perception. As a result, Jurors have come to have unrealistic expectations about the quantity, quality, and availability of scientific evidence, thereby raising the effective standard of proof for prosecutors. As technology improves and becomes more prevalent throughout society, people may also develop higher expectations for the capabilities of forensic technology. The csi effect creates unrealistic expectations of the public and has raised the juror’s expectations of the crime investigating field.
Search in the perspective of criminal justice system entails the examination of a person or his/property by legal enforcement officers. Nevertheless, in order for a search to take place, it can be explained that it is vital that a search warrant is available. The search warrant is normally issued by the court and it permits a police officer or another law enforcement officer to carry our search in a specified property (Acker and Brody, 166).
For my article I chose, “Decision Making in the Crime Commission Process: Comparing Rapist, Child Molesters, and Victim-Crossover Sex Offenders” by Eric Beauregard, Benoit Leclerc, and Patrick Lussier. In traditional beliefs it suggests sex offenders are mainly driven by an uncontrollable urge to sexually offend. This article takes a looks into comparing how rapist, child molesters, and victim-crossover sex offenders make their criminal decisions. It investigated how decision-making is involved in target selection. The researchers used mixed methods along with Clarke and Cornish’s decision-making model to evaluate the offender’s actions. In the first studies, sex offenders’ decision-making was investigated using the rational choice approach.
The Australian police force is one of the most noticeable and influential agencies of social control within society. Because of this, the NSW Code of Practice signifies in attempting improving the liability of the NSW Police to the community it serves. The Code of Practice complements the NSW Police’s code of Conduct & Ethics by providing an ethical framework for police, by reinforcing the need for all officers to act with honesty and integrity. These codes are created upon members of the NSW Police acting in accordance to morals and values such as treating everyone with respect, courtesy and fairness and powers are applied correctly and sensibly. These ethics aim to improve the Police’s NSW Police Force Code of Practice as it requires officers to put good practice into place.
In the last couple decades in the United States, police decision-making in several encounters has come to great issue. It has been argued that police officers sometimes do not use discretion like they are supposed to with the citizens. Police discretion is simply viewed as making the best decision to a situation, whether they should use any time of force depending on the health or mental situation of the person who is being detained. Discretion has become the best source for police officers in the last couple years to deal with any confrontation. However, police discretion can be very judgmental to others because depending on the last results of a confrontation, many might say that it was not the best decision making of the officer. It has
In the 1730s, a religious revival swept through the British American colonies. The Great Awakening sported two notable factions the New and Old Lights who both respectively supported and opposed the revival. The of the two factions the old lights took their views of god and being saved form old teachings, while the new lights in the reverse teachings. George Whitefield was a minister from Britain that toured the American colonies during this time. The colonists flocked in mass to hear him speak whether they were against or for his views. He converted whoever he could get his hands on. Even religious skeptic Benjamin Franklin emptied his coin purse after hearing him speak in Philadelphia. In his biography Franklin states that he “had a handful
Abigail Williams, from the book The Crucible by Arthur Miller, and Joseph McCarthy from the movie Good Night, and Good Luck directed by George Clooney are both really similar.
Discretion has a fairly effective role within the justice system, specifically when looking at the sentencing and punishment of offenders. Discretion can have a distinct effect on the outcome of a case. The role of decision making through an individual may provide for a different insight into different cases which therefore means that no two verdicts are reached in the same way. The role of discretion when looking at charge negotiation (or plea bargaining) is to decide whether or not the accused may be granted a 'lesser ' punishment in exchange, they plead guilty. from prosecutors. This is a highly controversial topic within the criminal trial system as it begs the question, does resource efficiency outweigh the actions? In keeping with the
reveals how many more stops and searches are conducted against racial minorities than would be the case if they were targeted at the same rate as white individuals. These tests were consistent and show that racial minorities would receive disproportionate police attention compared to the white individuals.
cares to try and understand. The theme of Southern Gothic illustrates moral and social conflict in the south. In Harper Lee’s, To Kill a Mockingbird, our narrator, Scout, takes us on a journey through her life during a difficult time in the 1930’s, the Great Depression. On her journey, she meets some fun characters and some scary ones as well. We are shown the conflicts between characters and how they learn to adapt to new hurdles. Harper Lee effectively shows, in To Kill a Mockingbird, the southern gothic theme. With the authentic voice of characters, and how those underdogs use that voice to either prevent or encourage the violence which has a big influence
According to Andrews and Bonta (2010) the psychology of criminal conduct ( PCC) can be defined as an approach to scientifically understand the criminal behavior of individuals through a systematic approach. Additionally, the psychology of criminal conduct is considered to be interdisciplinary, and considers all aspects of science that will assist in the further comprehension of an individuals criminal behavior, and the causes of criminal behavior (Andrews and Bonta , 2010). Andrews and Bonta ( 2010) stated that the psychology of criminal conduct can be considered a subfield of criminology and psychology due to common beliefs and common interests with both disciplines. Furthermore, the psychology of criminal conduct can be described as using
With crucial factors determining the success and/or failures of the death penalty, we certainly take note to the exonerations of convicted persons, especially those who were exonerated after being executed. There are currently 2,147 people who were sentenced to death that have been exonerated, totaling more than 18,750 years lost. It is hard to understand how an innocent person stood so close to being murdered, nevertheless it’s even harder to understand how an innocent person, in fact, was murdered.
Crimes in medieval times ranged from minor crimes to serious crimes. Minor offences someone could do might be be stealing firewood from the lord’s forest, nagging one’s husband, gossiping, cheating on customers, arguing, animals damaging crops and priests committing crimes. More major crimes included witchcraft, murder, treason (the crime of not being loyal to the monarch.), and heresy.
Justice can be achieved through various legal processes such as; police investigations and coronial inquests. Legal principles are instrumental in achieving justice such as; the rights of the accused and victims, and equality before the court. When these processes and principles are applied correctly, justice can be achieved this is demonstrated in two Australian cases; Mallard v. The Queen (2005) and a Missing Persons Case Kieffen Raggett (2007). These two cases demonstrate how legal principles and processes can achieve and deny justice, depending on how they are applied in the situation.