Due to the strong role literature plays in the public’s perception of femininity, it is important for every writer to take caution in how he represents men and women in his works. True femininity personifies the characteristics of maternal care, strength, innocents, obedient, and compassionate. Literature occasionally presents women with exaggerated qualities or replace their true feminine characteristics with counter masculine traits. Comparing works and seeing what characteristics women share is an effective way to discover whether the female characters represent true femininity or if their qualities contradict the nature of womanhood. Charlotte Bronte and Christina Rossetti are two successful nineteenth-century writers who present main female lead characters in their literature.
Feather’s protagonists have more of an independent streak that could arguably be said to be more common in the more modern woman. There is a sense that these are not naturally anachronistic women but rather forerunners to modern women born before their time. While most of the novels are set in the late Elizabethan era, the theme of daring deception, forbidden passion, and unbridled romance is still very strong. The explanation of the seemingly double nature of our protagonists such as portraying a fragile beauty yet having a tenacious spirit makes for some intriguing narratives. The female characters are definitely not your typical female figure as they are everything from ravishing beauties to lying wenches, spies, and secret service agents.
Charlotte Bronte knew as one of the most talented women authors of the Victorian era. She and her sisters, Emily and Anne grow up in Victorian England, they were inspired by the Romantic authors, and all of them write masterpieces in English literature. Charlotte Bronte faced a lot of difficulties, and obstacles in her life even though she manages to write important works in English Literature. For example, Jane Eyre, The Professor, Shirley, and Villette. At first, she writes Jane Eyre under pseudonym Currer Bell.
In the novel Pride and Prejudice, Jane Austen uses the secondary characters such as Charlotte Lucas and George Wickham to exemplify the characteristics of the title, pride and prejudice. Charlotte Lucas, is the best friend of Elizabeth Bennet, who is one of the main characters that takes pride in herself by judging the other characters actions (Austen 16). Charlotte assists one way by showing the pride of Elizabeth by being older and therefore, less likely to have opportunities to meet a suitor. Elizabeth uses her age as a comparison to Charlotte and gives her more youth making her more attractive to men. One possible suitor for Elizabeth, asks for her hand in marriage, but gets denied and then asks Charlotte the following day (Austen 99).
Female sexuality and its representation has been the primary concern of this research while applying each of the approaches to proves that du Maurier’s work builds on Jane Eyre but the portrayal it grants to feminine sexuality and identity renders her work a narrative of modernity on its own. Several critics have analyzed the intertexuality between the two novels. However, this study builds what has been said before to dwell on the not yet exhausted topic of feminine sexuality. Nungesser is one of the critics who have presented a comparison between the novels to conclude that both works bring an air of freshness and novelty to the traditional female Gothic plot, the novel of development and the fairy-tale narratives. Nonetheless, Nungesser overlooks to precise subject of female sexuality which happens to be submerged in Jane Eyre’s concern with presenting a financial independent heroine whom in spite of what she suffered prefers to spend the rest of her days as a mere angel of the house.
Throughout Beowulf, within the film and the text, women are portrayed as possessions for the benefit of the men. Furthermore, women are used as devices to further the plot of men in both the film and poem. Yet, in the text, women are less prevalent to the story, their presence secondary to the men. Women are more sexualized in the movie than the poem, yet they also assume more authority over the men and have more developed characters. While the gender roles were historically accurate throughout the book, women subservient to men, the movie afforded women more dominant and involved roles.
Gender discrimination is often significant in males than females as they were described as “male nurses” instead of being known as a real nurse. Despite this, males still continue to pursue their nursing career and push themselves against the barriers of discrimination and stigma (Genua, 2005). Stereotypically, females are known for their characteristics as caring, expressive and understanding which considered as the main advantage of females in becoming a better nurse than males. However, in reality, these attributes are not only possessed by females but for both sexes (Salmon et al., 2015). Males can certainly provide care to its patients as they portray themselves strong and caring at the same time.
The novel centres on the contrast between the strong figure of Jane to the animalistic qualities of Bertha Mason, who was Rochester’s first wife. Jane is a very confident heroine, she speaks the truth against the very powerful dominant male figures, against her aunt, which allows Jane to find her own voice and identity. While Jane Eyre contains criticism on the social roles and the treatment of women, it also highlights that women can live their lives on an equal footing as men. The novel is pro women without being anti men. Certainly, the role of women and me are distinguishable.
Bronte wrote Jane Eyre, after that year. The book, a critique of Victorian assumptions about gender and social class, became one of the most successful novels of its era, both critically and commercially. We can see autobiographical elements are in Jane Eyre. For example; Jane’s experience at Lowood school, where her best friend dies of tuberculosis, just as Charlotte’s sister at Cowan Bridge. Jane Eyre became a governess in the book, Charlotte was governess, too.
Kamala Markandaya is one of the most outstanding Indian Women novelists writing in English. Her very first novel Nectar in a Sieve won her international fame. She was born in 1924 into a Tamil Brahmin family in Chimakurti, a small village in the south of India outside of the city of Mysore.. Kamala Markandaya is the pen name of the novelist. Her name before marriage was Kamala Purnaiya and she became Kamala Taylor after her marriage. Markandaya 's entire canon of eleven novels was produced over a period of three decades: Nectar in a Sieve (1954), Some Inner Fury (1955) A Silence of Desire (1960), Possession (1963), A Handful of Rice (1966) ,The Coffer Dams (1969) , The Nowhere Man (1972), Two Virgins (1973) , The Golden Honeycomb (1977), Pleasure City (1982) published later as Shalimar (1983) and Bombay Tiger (Posthumously in 2008).