Janet Smylie Summary

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Janet Smylie presents the current challenges facing indigenous Canadians in Westernised educational models. The author outlines the impact of colonisation on indigenous sociocultural belief systems highlighting this as a mitigating factor in the low levels of indigenous youth literacy. Smylie summarises the need to incorporate conceptualisation of Aboriginal culture, learning styles and perceptions when drafting framework for literacy outcomes. Additionally, the author highlights the need for self-determination by utilising the knowledge within communities to officially establish intrinsic connection between health and literacy outcomes in indigenous communities. In particular, embracing indigenous values such as metaphysical beliefs and traditional

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