It is this power, a dreaded one, that patrilineal filiation has the burden of subduing.” (Kristeva, 1982, p.77) Freud argued that woman terrifies because she is castrated. “Castration fear plays on a collapse of gender boundaries” (Creed, 1993, p.54) She suggests, that Freud misread Han’s fear in the Little Hans and that Han’s viewed his mothers as the castrator not his father, that his mother’s lack of phallus is seen not as a castrated organ but that of a castrating organ. The mother-child border is entangled in the complex and multi-faceted image of the castrating mother. According to Freud, man fears that of the mother as castrated and as that of the cannibalistic all devouring mother. “Construction of a patriarchal ideology unable to deal with the threat of sexual differences as it is embodied in the images of the feminine as archaic mother and is seen as the castrated mother.” (Creed, 1993, p.22) Kristeva suggests that the notion of the castrated women is to ease mans fear of woman, who has the power to psychologically and physically castrate him.
The present research paper focuses on Miss Prym’s journey towards choosing the right path, through a psychoanalytical approach. In human beings, both, good and evil exist equally; we have to make our own choice, as Miss Prym has to face many crises to choose the right path, when tempted by an evil. Her psychological journey is carefully investigated in the present research paper. For this purpose Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalytical approach is applied and the result is that all the layers of Miss Prym’s mind are unveiled. Key words: Psychoanalytical approach, good and evil, crisis, journey.
“Help us, they whispered. Please help us” (110). This scene stops the reader’s senses and shrinks his consciousness from within, it signifies panic and shock; the protagonists’ reaction is escape. The main attribute of horror can be applied to the stance towards cannibals – repulsion. Cannibals are dehumanized and considered disgusting.
Literature review: The contemporary trauma theory derived by pioneer critics such as Caruth and Felman has a central claim that a traumatic incident creates a “speechless fright that divides or destroys identity”. (Trends in Literary Trauma Theory- Balaev, Michelle) Trauma theory according to a child psychiatrist Lenore Terr occurs
Psychoanalytic Therapy While exploring underlying causes of behavior, Sigmund Freud proposed that slips of tongue, errors and faulty memory are results of unconscious reasons. Therefore, Freudian Psychoanalytic Therapy is a psychology of the conflicting forces inherent in the dualistic nature of humanity. (James & Gilliland, 1980) Key Concepts Psychoanalytic theory embodies hypothesis and assumptions in the psychotic relationship between people and the environment. Firstly, Freud’s concept of the unconscious. According to Freud, the mind consists of the conscious, preconscious and unconscious.
Her family implied that something was wrong with her—that she used to be a lovely baby and that she was cursed (263). This implication has undoubtedly destroyed the protagonist’s self-confidence to the point that she acknowledged herself as an “it”—an object that is not valued—as she stated the words, “it saddened [my mother] to have given birth to an item
Introduction This essay aims to contrast and compare Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalytic theory, against Erik Erikson’s neo analytic theory. In this essay, the main components of each theory will be discussed, in order to show a clear understand of exactly what effect it has. This essay aims to emphasize the similarities and the differences between each theory. Some of the topics that will be covered include the basic tenets and assumptions of the theories, the manner in which each theory views the self and identity, the theory of development, the manner in which each theory resolves conflict as well as how these theories relate to a South African context. Basic tenets and assumptions of each theory Freud’s psychoanalytic include the Structure of the mind is comprised of the ID, Ego, Super Ego.
I agree with Foucault interpretation of insanity as a culturally constructed phenomenon. There is a different perception of mad people in the past and present times. According to Foucault, insanity was regarded as a regular event in history (Gutting, 2005). With the changing cultural activities and perception of people, insanity has been able to be interpreted differently as the previous prediction. Interpretation of insanity has been categorized in the renaissance, classical and modern periods.
It only emerges when the person has given up all t techniques developed for dealing with anxiety and resolving conflict. The real self-forces individuals in the direction of growth and self-fulfilment (Meyer et al., 2008). Susan enjoys cleaning and she has convinced herself that everyone else should too. Susan feels inferior in the society she lives in because people don’t clean like her. She is always in competition with people around her when it comes to household chores.
She sees the amount of pain Madame Ratignolle is in, how gruesome the scene is, and she makes the comment that she regrets attending the delivery. This serves as a lesson to Edna in many different ways. This was her first big realization that during her pregnancies and deliveries, she did not experience the real pain. Her pain was numbed by chloroform which played the role as an anesthetic. Edna then looks back at her feelings towards the birth of her children.