As children’s experiences and knowledge are often communicated through play, it becomes an important vehicle for them to know and accept themselves and others. One of the most common types of play therapy for children is child-based therapy, in which a therapist and a child work alone. This is often used if there is a concern about the parents or abuse in the family, but can also be done simply to make the child feel more comfortable. It can be used to treat behavioural problems, anxiety, Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), autism, and the effects of abuse. There are two types of play therapy although both start with the therapist suggesting a general topic or
Daycare motivates them to share by passing the object back and forth while saying "my turn, your turn." Daycare teaches children exceptional motor skills, social skills and connection skills to prepare the child for school. Daycare focuses on the importance of the relationships built through connections. The first and most grounded of any association is the safe relationship. In this kind of relationship, the child introduced to someone they can trust and feel safe around.
Effective treatment required case formulation after assessment, followed by proposed intervention. Using genograms to illustrate the family dynamics, case formulations are illustrated particular to Ann, drawing on the models of biopsychosocial formulation (Ross 2000) and cognitive behavioural formulation (Persons and Tompkins 2007). Generic skills are to be blended with creative strategies such as art, play, storytelling that is most effective for the developmental stage the child is in. Therapy must widen to psychoeducate and empower the family members, particularly the parents to provide a healthy environment for child
Assessments are done to enable the building of a programme to facilitate a child’s strengths/needs, or who need additional services or supports such as SNA’s. It also allows for planning and constructing intervention programmes to aid ones learning. An assessment needed for the diagnosis of ADHD is multifaceted and includes behavioural, medical, and educational data gathering. One component of the diagnosis includes an examination of the child’s history through comprehensive interviews with parents, teachers, and health care professionals. Interviewing these individuals determines the child’s specific behaviour characteristics, when the behaviour began, duration of symptoms, whether the child displays the behaviour in various settings, and coexisting conditions.
Meaning The case work is a primary method of social work can be done by a social work trainee also, the trainee develop a good rapport with the client and give them space to share their problems themselves by supporting the client and also by giving space and time for them to share the problem they go through in their mind and life. The trainee used the direct method of social case work with the care takers of disabled children, like counseling, catharis and motivation. 5.1.3. Case work Experience The student conducted case work with the care takers of special children in the school. First and foremost the trainee created a good rapport with the care takers and slowly started interacting with the care takers to find out the problems faced by them, after some sessions conducted by the student to know about the family history of a particular client, they felt free to share their problems in bring the child to school, problems in joint family and society.
As developed by Robin Alexander since the early 2000s, dialogic teaching harnesses the power of talk to stimulate and extend students’ thinking and advance their learning and understanding. It helps the teacher more precisely to diagnose students’ needs, frame their learning tasks and assess their progress. It empowers the student for lifelong learning and active citizenship. Dialogic teaching is not just any talk. It is as distinct from the question-answer and listen-tell routines of traditional teaching as it is from the casual conversation of informal
Techniques The basic techniques and skills in counselling would be essential for a good leading, these techniques are micro skill which can help the group run smoother. Such as the active listening skill, not only listening to the content, but also the voice and body language (Corey, Corey, & Corey, 2009). Using reflection to help members aware their content and feeling. Encouraging and supporting is important in this group, giving support to the children to participate and learning through activity. Summarizing would be also appear in each session’s debriefing time as a reminder.
CBT is considered to be a highly effective treatment for anxiety in children (Butler, Chapman, Foreman, Beck, 2006). The concept behind CBT is that thoughts, emotions and behaviors are all related to each other. Specifically, cognitions influence emotions and behaviors. CBT is an active therapy with interventions and specific goals where children and their parents learn active coping tools to manage symptoms. John and his parents made an appointment with a psychologist who specialized in CBT.
Occupational therapist do not just work with the patient to help them overcome their disability to perform the appropriate way in their occupations, but need the full support of the family and environment of the patient. They work with children to help them achieve their developmental milestones as well as their parents and surrounding adults to facilitate to the child’s learning and development. The most crucial part of the child’s rehabilitation is the family’s support and involvement because even when the best program is provided, if there is no cooperation with the family, there will be no progress (Lady Suarez). The environment of the child is key because the smallest details in the child’s setting, materials, and community can make a very big difference to their development, which is why occupational therapy in the school system is very beneficial to children who need it. As mentioned earlier, the occupation of a child is to learn and play, which is done in school for a very big part of their childhood.