Juvenile Rehabilitation: Juvy Vs. Jail

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Juvy verses Jail Many, many years ago the goal for the United States was to divide youth offenders from the adult offenders, calling the youth offenders juveniles. A Juvenile Detention Center or a Juvenile Hall, otherwise known as Juvy is a prison for people particularly under the age of eighteen depending in which state, who had committed a serious crime. Jail, on the other hand, is a place for the confinement of people who had been accused or convicted of a crime ages eighteen and older, depending on the state. There are over 5,000 jails and prisons located in the United States, over 2.2 million people are currently in U.S jails or prison, and over 2.7 million children have parents who are in prison. The average annual cost to incarcerate …show more content…

Rehabilitation gives the person a chance to learn about his/her problems and offers them to learn how to change their behavior in order to not commit crime while incarceration puts the offender in a cell in order for one to think about the crime he/she committed. Rehab is suppose to help ease the offender 's reentry. Unlike rehabilitation, punishment does not offer one help, unless one is in the process of rehabilitation or other alternative programs while “behind bars.” Incarceration is widely used in the adult system, while rehabilitation is a selective program which is not always offered to all or at specific locations. It is possible that rehabilitation can be related to drugs such as drug addiction rehab, alcohol addiction rehab, violent behavior rehab, gambling addiction rehab, and even many more. Almost all of the rehabilitation programs cost much less than the incarnation where in California an average cost of a prisoner is $35,000 per year to sustain their life, while elderly inmates, who require more care, cost an average of $70,000 per year (Gadek 22). The article Jails and Prisons: Types and Kinds states “juvenile detention facilities are often run much like a regular prison or jail, with strict schedules, codes of expected behavior, and punishment for misbehavior and the purpose of placing juvenile offenders in separate facilities from adult criminals is to insulate juveniles …show more content…

Rights such as the right to an attorney, the right to confront and cross examine witnesses, the right against self incrimination, the right to notice of the charges, the right to counsel in court proceedings, and the prosecution must provide proof beyond a reasonable doubt before a person can be convicted (Clarke 1). The right to attorney means that you have the right to go get a lawyer. The right to confront and cross examine witnesses is the sixth amendment and the right against self incrimination is the fifth amendment. The right to notice of the charges means the juvenile offender or adult offender has the right to be notified of what charges are being brought against them. The right to counsel in court proceedings means the person has the right to be represented by an attorney during the trial or adjudication hearing.The right to a miranda warning also takes place in both the juvenile and adult systems. The miranda warning also known as the miranda rights is the right to silence said by a police officer to the person being taken into

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