However, they were still divided by geography, competition and disorganization. So, when they did finally come together naturally they were under the influence of the bourgeois. There is always some kind of class conflict, which should simply be replaced by Communism says Marx. Historically, the bourgeoisie has always played an important yet revolutionary role in society. They have changed a various amount of occupations into wage laboring professions.
As stated by Rummel (1977), Marx observed the society to its main classes, and the struggle amid them as the engine of modification. The arrangement itself was a derivative and ingredient in the conflicts between social classes. As Marx saw the change in class conflict, the brawl between classes were initially narrowed to individual factories. Eventually, the development of capitalism, the rising difference between life conditions of bourgeoisie and proletariat and the aggregate homogenization within each class, individual struggles become generalized to coalitions across factories. Thus, the class struggle is distorted into a working-class revolution.
Within this pamphlet, Marx and Engels further explained and argued why a communist revolution would inevitably happen once the lower classes would fully realize their exploitation and decide to rebel against their oppressors, freeing both themselves and the whole of society from the exploitation. The first chapter of The Communist Manifesto discusses the driving force of history. Marx and Engels stated that throughout recorded history, from the beginning of man’s time to the present, there has always been some kind of class system present. They explain this
Conflict Theory and its Description Conflict theory can be considered as the basis for Marxism and communism that highlight and showcases the inequalities that exist in societies. The unavoidably lead to conflict between groups or classes of people and this conflicts ends with revolution and overthrow of the more privileged group of the two. Conflict theory stresses the role of force and power in producing social order. Moreover, the theory is concentrate on how the resource, power and inequality have been distributed. Also it looks at the social life as a completion between the different classes or parties, which ends and result in changes in the society.
As against the Hegelian idealist philosophy, the Marxian philosophy is rooted in the materialist social relations. It means that all social relations are founded on the organization of material relations and resources. Every mode of production and distribution creates a new form of social relations. When Nietzsche traces the origin of all moral, cultural forms to a hidden power animating them, Marx finds the origin of everything in economic organization of the society. Again as different from Psychoanalysis, false consciousness in the individual is the result of economic ordering rather than the working of libidinal forces and the unconscious mind.
Social class contains a lot of significance in social sciences because it sets the basis for social stratification in which people are grouped into a set of hierarchical social categories. These categories further lead up to class conflicts and social problems which we see in society today. Since the main aim of social sciences is to explain the cause and effect of any social issue, sociologists tend to first explain the definition of class and their interpretation of the term followed by its effects in a society. Among these sociologists there were two very influential personalities who developed their work to explain the definition and the formation of the social class. Karl Marx, being an economist, believes that these social classes are a direct result of economic factors.
It was believed by Marx that class struggle was the foundation and motivation behind all historical developments. There was a constant opposition between the “oppressor and oppressed” (Marx, Karl. The Communist Manifesto, pg. 74), as Marx put it, that could only end in “either a revolutionary reconstitution of society at large, or in the common ruin of the contending class” (Marx, Karl. the communist manifesto, pg.74).
Karl Marx’s class theory lies upon the premise that "the history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles." He meant by this that ever since the inception of modern human society, people have been always divided into classes which are in conflict with each other due to class interests. An argument against class interests is that they are not given ab initio, they arise out of exposure of people occupying different social positions in varying social contexts. Karl Marx and Engels divided the masses into three broad classes, the proletariats, the petty bourgeoisie and the bourgeoisie. The proletariats are the wage earners or the labour class, in a capitalist society the proletarians don’t have much wealth, and their main asset is their labour power.
In particular, one of Marx’s most recognised concepts is the notion of exploitation within capitalism. Although Durkheim saw industrialism as an opportunity, Marx’s animosity towards the bourgeoisie capitalising off of working-class labour, otherwise known as exploitation, was one of his most fervent concepts. Consequently, the industrial revolution manifested in more concentrated tasks for the working-class. This specialization evoked key ideas among all three theorists regarding its influence on society such as Weber’s concept on bureaucracy, Durkheim’s on anomie, and ultimately Marx’s on alienation. Additionally, Marx and Weber touched base on capitalists and the labour movement.
“Marxism is the system of socialism of which the dominant feature is public ownership of the means of production, distribution, and exchange.” (“What Is Marxism.” AllAboutPhilosophy.org,). Marxism is all about the workng class. It fights for the rights of the working class and for their way of life. It is actively for the destruction of the capitalist state, which Karl Marx saw as a burden on society and the working people of it. Marxism is also against all forms of oppression, including sexism and racism.