Similarly to the Cultural Theory of Poverty, which explains how belonging to a socio-economic class (specifically being in poverty) for generations produces a new family culture that is distinct from others. Here, people are placed into situations beyond their control and are forced to adapt to that environment, thus resulting in a culture of poverty (Small 8). While this theory only explains that a culture of poverty exists amongst families that experience poverty for generations, it does not explain why that poverty occurs in the first place, highlighting a flaw. The Structural Theory of Poverty offers explanations for this occurrence.
It is argued that social inequality occurs because of the conflict between the upper-class and the working-class, or as Marx defines it, the Bourgeoisie and the Proletariat. Based on the Manifesto of the Communist Party (Marx and Engels, 1848), the divergence emerges because the aim of the Bourgeoisie is to obtain a surplus-value that is produced by the work of the Proletariat. On the other side, the Bourgeoisie provides the Proletariat with the minimum required, such as a place to live and a minimum wage, in order to keep the society under control and avoid a rebellion. However, Marx did predict a revolt of the working-class that would eventually lead to a communist regime. When it comes to applying this theoretical approach to reality, it is evident to notice that no global revolt in regards to capitalism has occurred.
The Combined Theory of Poverty believes that women, minorities, and people of color are disproportionately impacted by poverty because of societal factors. It is impossible to view our society in any light without recognizing this important fact. Gentrification, wage discrepancies, the lack of access to job training, and stigmas surrounding minorities, women, and people of color are some of the mine reasons why these groups face poverty the most. While the structural theory of poverty helps to influence this view of poverty, it does not explain how minorities, people of color, or women are able to succeed at all in life. Those who did succeed likely did it through sheer willpower and determination.
Absolute affluence is a term used to describe the economic status of those who, while not necessarily affluent compared to their neighbors, are still affluent in terms of human necessities. Absolute poverty, converse to affluence, is the lack of income required to meet the basic needs of food, clothing, and shelter. The thesis provided by Singer is “We have an obligation to prevent at least some absolute poverty”. While, I ultimately agree with Singer, in that absolute poverty must be addressed, and that those of absolute affluence must be the ones to assist, I do disagree with his forceful moral obligation, as well as one of his major objections in regards to triage. Singer’s first premise states that if we can prevent something bad without sacrificing anything of comparable
One reason is the poverty that comprises of the lower class. Furthermore, this is common in the society of our country. Based on study.com, there are two reasons that explain poverty. These are “blame the poor” and “blame society”. The first is blame the poor in which the poor is the main reason for poverty or responsible of causing poverty because of lack of jobs, occupation, degree, schooling, and determination to work.
Inefficient policies all around the world and especially in our country are contributing to problems in the society. And the biggest problem which the world faces today is the problem of “Poverty” and “Inequality”. It is hard for one to determine whether poverty causes inequality or is it the other way around because both these problems are interrelated. Poverty is something which is caused due to transferring wealth in to the hands of a specific group and the unjust policies of the government. And inequality is discriminating a person in all spheres of life which gives a rise to sense of deprivation.
One individual who expressed this view and promoted socialism was American author Upton Sinclair. Sinclair witnessed poverty in his lifetime in the aftermath of the Civil War and sought to strengthen the power of the working class. He exemplifies these economic beliefs in his fictional novel called The Jungle. The novel traces the journey of a Lithuanian immigrant named Jurgis, who faces unemployment, poverty, and discrimination as a working class man in a capitalist society. Sinclair emphasizes that capitalism is detrimental to the working class, and he proposes that socialism is the solution to economic inequality and the lack of power among the working class.
Absolute poverty is defined as the lack of or severe deprivation of the basic means of survival, such as food, shelter, safe drinking water, and education. Relative poverty is when a family’s income and way of living falls below the standard of living that is deemed acceptable within a society. Of course, poverty is not something that people want, and is tragic for those who are affected by it. However, some structural
“Ragnar Nuskre once said that a country is poor because it is poor.” (Nuskre) It is very hard to identify who is living in poverty or what makes a person poor, does it mean poor only in the sense of money but also in terms of basic necessities they receive for example clothing but we know this for certain that people who are discriminated against or disadvantage tend to be poor for example in India it is seen that people who belong to the Dalit community are poor. We first have to identify what does poverty actually mean? United Nations defines poverty as “the inability of getting choices and opportunities, a violation of human dignity. It means lack of basic capacity to participate effectively in society. It means not having enough to feed