Outside of Texas, the only history ever taught is “Remember the Alamo”. This phrase has come to define Texas history, even within the state. Shockingly enough, the Alamo as a symbol of Texas is a more recent construct than one might think. The Alamo is not about Texas independence or American spirit; it is about social class and racial identity. Richard Flores, the author of Remembering the Alamo, argues, “the symbolic work accomplished through ‘remembering the Alamo’—consists of signifying a radical difference between ‘Anglo’ and ‘Mexicans’ so as to cognize and codify the social relations circulating at the beginning of the twentieth century” (Flores xvi).
Situated near the U.S.-Mexico border during the early twentieth century is the fictional setting of Fort Jones, the outskirts of which is where Americo Paredes’ short story “Macaria’s Daughter” takes place. Emblematic of the disappropriation of Mexican land, as well as the increased marginalization of the Mexican people, the overbearing presence of Fort Jones reveals the struggle for preservation that characterizes the Mexican-American community of the story. “Macaria’s Daughter” is the tragic account of what happens in a small community when the upholding of Mexican values and institutions, and opposition to Anglo-American culture, become more important than a young woman’s life. In this essay, I will argue that “Macaria’s Daughter” is a text
The United States bought its way to glory, not just once but twice. These events were the Guadalupe Hidalgo Treaty, in 1848, and the Gadsden Treaty, in 1853. The Guadalupe Hidalgo Treaty was an attempt to end the Mexican-American War, a territorial war between the United States and Mexico. This treaty worked in the United States’ favor, granting the country about 525,000 square miles of land. Afterwards, bickering between the two countries continued, and several conditions of the Guadalupe Hidalgo Treaty were not upheld.
The Spanish monarchy relinquished colonial power over Mexico in 1821. After gaining independence, Mexico established legislatures, including the abolition of slavery (Document D). The abolition of slavery would lead to a mass controversy and essentially a war. Before the Mexican War, a mass influx of United States, immigrants had entered Texas (Document D). Defying Mexican legislature, citizens in the western and southern parts of the United States saw Texas as an economic miracle to sell slaves.
Mexico didn’t have independence yet. The main characters are Esperanza, Tio Luis, Mama(Ramona), Miguel, and Abuelita. Esperanza's is a protagonist with an ungrateful and spoil personality her goal was to get abuelita to the camp. Tio Luiz, he's the antagonist and his personality is greedy and jealous and his goal was to marry mama and send Esperanza to boarding school.
Mexican immigration has been a controversy in the United States before 1980. According to Jie Zong and Jeanne Batalova, Mexican immigration can be divided in three waves: the first one, before World War two, the second one started with the Bracero program, and the last one after it. Nevertheless, Mexican immigration can be seen as something threat or as the opposite, a benefit to the country and it all depends on which side you want to be. The American, Cesar Chavez who was a farm worker, also creator/leader of the United Farm Workers Union, influenced ad contributed to United States history by using Mexican’s “dignity” and nonviolent strategies to showed Americans that Mexicans could accomplished hard work and being successful for the country. Mexican’s deal with discrimination since 1962, schools, minorities, and farmers were the main target, this guide Chavez to create the National Farm Workers Association, now the United Farm Workers Union.
The year was 1803, and the United States had agreed to buy the mid-eastern plains from France, resolving as the Louisiana Purchase. However, James Polk, who was elected as president in 1844, created the Manifest Destiny, which was the belief that the United States was destined to claim the land of the West coast, which at that moment, was all a part of Mexico. He had his eye especially on California, and was not ready to let Mexico ruin the Manifest Destiny from becoming fulfilled. Eventually he proposed to Congress to start a war with Mexico, and only sixteen denied the request. Even before Polk was president, the Battle of the Alamo occurred between Mexico and the U.S., both wanting Texas.
Have you ever wondered how the United States formed and how history formed everything? Well, one important event in history was the Mexican Cession. The Mexican Cession was a land that the Americans obtained after the Mexican-American war. The Mexican Cession refers to lands surrendered, to the United States by Mexico at the finish of the Mexican War. It was a territory that included California, Nevada, Utah, and also parts of Colorado, Arizona, Wyoming, and New Mexico.
Juana Ramírez y Asbaje, otherwise known as Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz is an extraordinaryfigure in the history of Spain and vice-regal Spanish-America. Most widely known as a poet, Sor Juana offers a wide array of literary works that serve as a look into the dynamic world of seventeenth-century Hispanic literature. Considered the last great author of Spain’s Golden Age,Sor Juana and her influence contributed to creating a Mexican identity in the New World. In the process of studying and analyzing her literary works, I owe much to both feminist scholarship and post-colonial theory and criticism. Feminist scholarship views the nun as a foremother for femalewriters and the first woman to speak out for the intellectual rights of women in education.
Heidi Hutner suggests the myth of Pocahontas is used as a “complex figure for colonial desires and fears about assimilation”. The native woman was conceived as being “empowered by the rejection of her own people” and was “in favour of the white men’s religion and culture”. She was used as “the sexually savage indigenous woman” in order to justify colonial
I propose that a significant majority of maquiladora unions maintained a strong relationship with the Mexican State and were nearly to the interests of the capital, therefore unions have been able to defend the worker rights, and explains the presence of independent trade unions and transnational organizations as alternative practices of defense. In the beginning of this chapter, I describe how works the Mexican unionism in order to understand the trade unions in the Mexican maquiladoras as a complex relationship among traditional unions, independent unions, worker coalitions, and transnational solidarity networks. In the next section, I explain the unionism in the northern border region, especially in the states of Tamaulipas, Coahuila, Chihuahua,
We will look at the history of the mexican judicial system, data that depicts the response of mexican society, which leads to theories enforcing the belief that the country is ready for lay participation in criminal proceedings. Using South Korea’s model of a jury trial system, my paper acknowledges how they have overcome challenges in achieving moderate implementation, challenges that Mexico can avoid because they have had a brief history of jury trials, not to mention stronger will of participatory social capital. Through the legal comparisons of Mexico, South Korea and the United States of America, I attempt to give a clearer view of both the impediment and facilitation elements of successful jury trial procedures in the criminal justice system. The highlights will illuminate what it takes to implement such systems and the overarching impact it will have on many different aspects of life in the future of Mexico’s society and
Rivera’s, Creation is the first of Rivera 's many murals and a touchstone for Mexican Muralism. In the artist 's words, "The origins of the sciences and the arts, a kind of condensed version of human history" (Vasconcelos). It depicts a number of allegorical figures, all seemingly represented with unmistakably Mexican features. Through features of the work as the
For this week I decided to write a summary of chapter 11: Anglo-Saxons and Mexicans. The new political ideologies were created between 1830 to the 1840s. These new ideas were influenced by pride and obvious racism. These beliefs inspired the idea that American Anglo-Saxons were the dominant force and that they should be the ones to shape the destiny of others. The idea of the American Anglo-Saxon race was influenced by the American Mexican war.
The Virgin of Guadalupe is a worldly known work of art; Jeanette Favrot Peterson questions the meaning of this iconic symbol in her article The Virgin of Guadalupe: Symbol of Conquest or Liberation? Peterson argues that this symbol is not only of religious connotation but of political value to freedom as well. Furthermore, paraphrasing her claims, that it was not until the nineteenth and twentieth century’s did the image reach its fullest potential of bringing together a fragmented people and become known as the “Mother of Mexicans.” The legend says that Juan Diego was visited by the Virgin on the hill of Tepeyacac and that she sent a message with him that she wanted a church built in her name, only after the third visit was he able to convince