Langston Hughes Let America Be America Again

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Analyses - Let America Be America Again Langston Hughes uses a varied meter in “Let America Be America Again”. In the first line and title of his poem he starts with the first syllable [let] stressed, followed by a unstressed syllable [a]. This trochaic dimeter is used just for the first four syllables, following a iambic tetrameter starting with [ca] unstressed and [be] stressed. The second line starts with a trochee, but this time with eight syllables, therefore a tetrameter. The last syllable in this line stands on its own and is stressed. Hughes follows the form of his first two lines and continues using stressed – unstressed syllables, a trochee. The eight syllables are followed by a iamb [the plain]. The fourth line starts with a trochee…show more content…
Line one [again] rhymes with line three [plain], and line two [be] with line four [free]. This scheme continues for the second and third stanza. Furthermore an internal rhyme is used in line one of the first [be-dream-be] and second stanza [dream-dreamers-dreamed]. According to Meyers a rhyme is the identity of the last stressed vowel and its subsequent letters in two or more words, in its diverse forms and variations, such as internal rhyme or alliteration (Michael Meyer, p50). To create internal rhyming, assonances are used in line 8 [where – never], line 16 [across – stars], line 40 [still – kings] and many more throughout the poem. Several alliterations are used in “Let America Be America Again”. In the forth line of the first stanza he uses [home,he,himself], followed by [dream,dreamers,dreamed] in the first line of the second stanza. Furthermore alliterations are used in line 7 [land, love] and line 72 [live, like,…show more content…
Several times different words are used as a metaphor for America, such as [dream] and [pioneer]. Furthermore [steel of freedom] in line 71 can be understood as the american pride. In line 34 [machine] is used as a metaphor. The machine stands as a methapor for the american system. The metaphor has been difened as 1) a shortened or implicit comparison, which substitutes one concept for another, or 2) as an interaction between two concepts, which transfers meanings. According to the first understanding, the metaphor presupposes a ground of similarity between the tenor and the image or vehicle. Accoirdung to the second definition, the metphor does more because it asks us to see x as y, to regard some in a new light (Bode 94). A metaphor appears in many forms; it combines two nouns, a noun and a verb, a qualifier and a noun, or it takes the shape of a statement. (Michael Meyer,
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