Literary Criticism In Frankenstein

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Frankenstein Literary Criticism
Frankenstein, or the Modern Prometheus, is filled with motifs of Nature and companionship. During the Romantic period or movement, when the novel Frankenstein was written, nature was a huge part of romanticism. Nature was perceived as pure, peaceful, and almost motherly. As we read the novel through Victor Frankenstein 's perspective, we the readers can see how romanticized-nature is perceived as by those who find comfort in nature. This novel also contains, in addition to romantic elements, heavy-filled gothic scenes and descriptions. As the creature wanders aimlessly through nature, he comes to find that his version of nature is dark and depressing. The overall feelings and views of Victor Frankenstein and his
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Their perspectives of nature, however, are vastly different due to their circumstances regarding companionship and affection from companions.
Victor Frankenstein describes nature as calming and it brings him great happiness when he is surrounded by nature because he himself is happy and adored by friends who surround him. Frankenstein has friends whom he holds strong bonds with where “harmony was the soul of [their] companionship, and the diversity and contrast that subsided [their] characters drew [them] nearer together” (29, Chapter 2). He is surrounded by companions that give him plenty of love and affection that in turn, bring him happiness and a favoring outlook on nature. Victor takes pleasure in wandering through various scenes of nature, feeling accepted by it, therefore, he can portray it as full of life and “awful and majestic” (82, Chapter 10). Nature has the “power of bestowing on
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In contrast to Frankenstein, the creature views nature 's decaying state with a depressing disposition because the creature is alone and in need of affection from a friend. The creature describes nature with a tone of suffering. “Nature decayed around [him], and the sun became heatless; rain and snow poured around [him]; mighty rivers were frozen; the surface of the earth as hard, and chill, and bare, and [he] found no shelter” (120, Chapter 16). He is, in a sense, attacked by nature just as he is attacked by every human being he comes in contact with. He is truly alone in a cruel world. Nature seems to mock the creature, as “the cold stars shone in mockery” because “all, save [him], were at rest or enjoyment”, due to the creature’s loss of his only near-companions (117, Chapter 16). Simple cottage folk that he observed from a great distance were his only source of contact to the world. He wished for their friendship, however, he was only met with their horror and disgust. The creature only desires friends who will show him love and affection but receives only pain and suffering. Because he never gains the love of any person he meets, his depressed demeanor is revealed through his depressing descriptions of dark and decaying nature. ****( he can only travel by dark because of rejection)*** A companion soon becomes the creature’s only desire so that maybe, his misery may end and he would feel less like a monster who scares all who behold his hideousness. His lack of
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