In 1920, Lynching was very common. In order to understand why this was such a big problem, we need to look at the numbers of people who were lynched. From 1882 to 1962, almost 5,000 lynchings took place in the United States alone with about 70% of people who were lynched being black. Lynching started becoming a heavily used punishment among the African-American community in the 19th century. After the Civil War ended, there were financial issues in the country, all of which were blamed on the blacks that had recently been freed from slavery. It was speculated that people who were angry with blacks saw lynching as a way to relieve tension between the two groups of people. Because of the blatant aversion many people had towards black people, they were subject to many hate crimes. With the levels of violence as high as they where, protection was necessary, and Anti-Lynching laws would have been …show more content…
They started lynching to protect white women from rapists, even though rape was not their biggest threat. The biggest threat at the time was homicide, with many other reasons following. The court systems were not very fair at the time. Klan members were among the judge and jury, making the trials extremely biased against blacks. This led to many false accusations towards black people. The south was especially notorious for lynching blacks. About eighty-three percent of people lynched were black. In 1922, "The Dyer Anti-Lynching Bill" was an effort to stop lynching altogether in the United States. The people behind this bill were obviously not okay with lynching, and saw it as an unlawful and immoral thing to do to another human being. This bill proposed that lynching should be classified as a federal felony with heavy punishments, such as paying fines up to $10,000 and/or up to five years in prison. However, the bill was never passed due to the strong dissent from the Southern
By 1892, black populations experienced incredible lynch violence, which “offered a new tool for creating order and maintaining white supremacy.” Lynching was a ritual now—an outlet for whites who feared black political influence and black success. Over time, though, locals saw lynching as unsightly for their villages. To some, mob violence was even unlawful. This eventually led to a public condemnation of mob leaders.
The cry has also been associated with various effects, and this is because the lynch law was being implemented at any time wherever the concerns was linked to the Afro-Americans. The fourth chapter of the book is “the malicious and untruthful white press.” This is a chapter of the book that covers how the white press was spreading lies about the Afro-Americans at the time.
This case is "often considered the largest documented lynching in U.S. history" due to most lynchings being undocumented (Fouts, 2017). A tremendous mob of more than six thousand American individuals gathered outside of a prison to take justice into their own hands. The militia stormed the jail and opened fire on nineteen Italian prisoners, killing nine of them. To delight the mob, the militia hauled two Italian prisoners out into the streets and hung them, to the satisfaction of the crowd. As a result, eleven individuals were murdered.
On the report of Tiana Mobley, a writer for the White House asserts that, “A lynching is the public killing of an individual who has not received any due process. These executions were often carried out by lawless mobs, though police officers did participate, under the pretext of justice”(“Ida B. Wells Lynch Law in All Its Phases - ). Lynching was an act based on the hate and urge to control the colored people during the 20th century. Lynching always resulted in hanging, rape, and even being burnt alive. From the late 1800’s to the mid 1900’s lynching was mainly done to the black community just to terrorize and unequal them from the world.
Jim Crow was not a person, it was a series of laws that imposed legal segregation between white Americans and African Americans in the American South. It promoting the status “Separate but Equal”, but for the African American community that was not the case. African Americans were continuously ridiculed, and were treated as inferiors. Although slavery was abolished in 1865, the legal segregation of white Americans and African Americans was still a continuing controversial subject and was extended for almost a hundred years (abolished in 1964). Remembering Jim Crow: African Americans Tell About Life in the Segregated South is a series of primary accounts of real people who experienced this era first-hand and was edited by William H.Chafe, Raymond
The Ku Klux Klan was founded in 1865 by six veterans of the Confederate Army. Over a period of three hundred years of slavery in America White slave owners built a sophisticated structure to sustain their brutally corrupt and immoral system. They founded “The Klan” to protect the interests of the white popularity. Evolving from the Slave Patrol to the Ku Klux Klan. The first generation was known for its brutal and immoral acts against immigrants and former slaves.
The Jim Crow laws weren’t originally named the Jim Crow laws in the reconstruction era (1865-1877) when they were first passed. They were started to called that by the actor named Jim Crow who was a white man who blacked his face and he danced around and sang about not having a care in the world. The Reconstruction era was the period of time after the civil war after the north triumphed over the south. Things weren’t a smooth transition for the people of the south with many people staying as racists and the creation of hate groups and deadly gangs such as the Ku Klux Klan were rampant after the northern soldiers left the south when reconstruction was over. The treatment of the innocent black people was unfair and unjust.
"Every negro in the South knows that he is under a kind of sentence of death; he does not know when his turn will come, it may never come, but it may also be any time" remarked John Dollard regarding the uncertainty in many African-Americans minds if they would live to see tomorrow or end up just another victim of racial violence. Between the years 1882 and 1951, 4,730 people were lynched in the United States (Robert A. Gibson, 1), and many died from other forms of racial violence and race riots. Lynching and Racial Violence effected the civil rights era through the lives of African-Americans, Lynch Mobs, and the Anti-Lynching Campaign. Many African-American's lives changed in the last decade of the 19th century due to lynching's or the
Another controversial lynching was the lynching of Jesse Washington. Washington was a 17 year old black boy who worked for farmers in Waco, Texas. On May 8th 1916, Washington was arrested for the murder of fifty-three-year-old Lucy Fryer, the wife of the white farmer he worked for. Washington confessed to raping and murdering Mrs. Fryer and was immediately transferred to the Dallas country Jail where McLennan county sheriff Samuel S. Fleming took care of him. Fleming wanted to prevent potential mob violence from happening, “at least until the accused could have his day in court” (SoRelle).
Not only did they have to go through lynching but Jim Crow. Some of these rules included: “A black male could not offer his hand (to shake hands) with a white male. Blacks and whites were not supposed to eat together. Blacks were introduced to whites, never whites to blacks and if a black person rode in a car driven by a white person, the black person sat in the back” (Jim Crow Museum of Racist Memorabilia). African Americans were treated like animals.
The word lynching means, to put to death, especially by hanging. Throughout history, dominant groups have used lynching as a way of controlling minorities. Willie Lynch process was effective during those times because his psychological methods started the division between black people. This document is allegedly given three hundred years ago.
The 13th Amendment allowed the African Americans to be released from the institutionalized oppression of slavery, at the same time allowing them to achieve political and civil rights. It did not protect them from the violence that they will experience on a physical and physiological level, the newly freed African Americans that were victimized by different factors such as political regulations. Many African Americans attempted to exercise their newly acquired rights, but as a result, white southerners saw this as problematic and resorted to taking violent actions. Violence became one of the primary acts which caused the African American community’s rights to become void and it puts their black lives and black livelihood at stake.
They were lynched by association whether they had anything to do with the crime or not. Sometimes they were already dead from being beaten or burned and still got hung for everyone to see, and other times they were already hung and dead and the white men would pretty much empty their guns into the lifeless soul and leave the body there for everyone to see. The lynchings had gotten to the point where it was
Was It Right? Within the 1920’s there were approximately around 3,496 and counting reported lynchings all over the south, In Alabama there were 361, Arkansas 492, Florida 313, Georgia 590, Kentucky 168, Louisiana 549, Mississippi 60,North Carolina 123, South Carolina 185, Tennessee 233, Texas 338, and Virginia 84 lynchings (Lynching in America). These are just some of the numbers introduced during the 1920’s for the reported lynchings. Lynching was used for public appeal for the people to show justice on the blacks and to punish them so the whites could return to “white supremacy”.