Conflicts were fueled by various events and leaders and left the world in constant fear of political combat. The outcomes of the Cold War can be seen as both a victory and a loss. The United States and the Soviet Union remained strong and both came out of the cold war as a super power. Countries became heavily independent on aid from the United States. The aftermath of the Cold War was felt in the United States long after the war had
troop from South Vietnam during the Vietnam war and having the Vietnamese government be responsible for their own country and war resolution. Nixon then had to face many problems and used detente in order to ease relations with foreign countries. For example, Nixon visited China because he wanted to improve relations with China over the Cold War and the administration wanted to have strategic and diplomatic rapprochement with the country. Moreover, he also dealt with the Mutual Assured Doctrine, which was a policy that spoke on nuclear weapons being able to wipe out both the attacker and defender. On May 1972, Nixon and Brezhnev from Moscow, limited anti-ballistic missiles into two departments with the SALT I agreement.
In the 19th century, the era of imperialism of western powers, under the pressure of invasion and encroachment from foreign powers, the two isolated nations, China and Japan were forced to undergo reforms to modernize in order to strengthen the country. After decades of revolution, the result of the reforms in the two countries are contrary. While China continue to struggle with western powers and faced defeats, Japan had became a world power and was treated equally with the western powers in 1911. This essay will discuss the reasons contributing to the huge contrast of the result of the attempts of modernization in China and Japan. First of all, the lack of knowledge of the West and the pride of the Chinese culture had caused the Chinese ruling class unable to fully understand its own problems.
Cold War Origin of Cold War The term cold war is used for that unprecedented state of tension that suddenly developed between the two former friends the USA and the USSR. By August 1945, with the surrender of Japan, the victory of the Allies had been ascertained but the tension lurking in their camps suddenly burst out. The German attack on the USSR and the Japanese bombardment of Pearl Harbour brought these two countries which subscribed to opposing ideologies together. But this friendship soon changed into a strange war called the Cold War. Meaning and Definition of Cold War The term cold war stands for hostile and tense international relations between the USA and the USSR and is an outcome of the post world war politics.
Introduction The East Indian Company was established by the British and then monopolized the trades towards Chinese. As the trades could not fulfil the ambition of the British, they requested for more benefits. However, the Qing court rejected and the relationship between the two countries came to a rapid deterioration. Unfortunately, after the out broke of the war, China became weaker than before. The following will discuss the difference between Anglo-China treat business and opium and the reason of the out broke of the First Opium War.
It is understandable that Communsit victory held the promisse of peace and order after the economc misseries of the Guomindang, which were intensified with corruption and terroristic methods of political control. One university professor in Beijing commented that “At first, most of us supportd the Nationalists, yet recognizing its flaws, but hoping it would reform…we have become so completely convinces of the hopelessness of the existing government that we feel the sooner it is removed, the better.” Even though this is an account of Communsit support and the reasons that they were able to rise to power, it illustrates why the Communsits were successful in establishing their authority after the proclamation of the PRC, because the masses were willign to follow the Communists after the destruction of the GMD. Of course, the Communsits would not have been able to keep their positions without introduing relevant reforms, and the strength of Mao at that time was that he was able to listen to the opressed and use this to his advantage. On the othe hand, Mao just needed to fullfill his promises that he made after the Japanese and civil war: social reform and economic recovery. And the years after 1949 saw improvements in living
Many of Mao’s thoughts were contradicting, and he had many struggles between which ideologies he should emphasis on. After Stalin’s fall, people in China started to realize that the utopian neighbor Soviet Union is not as perfect as they always thought it had been. This was a complete shock to the Chinese, and that the myth that the all-socialist countries
Mao Zedong was a Chinese communist Revolutionist, who was one of the founding members of the Communist Party of China, had governed as the Chairman of the People’s Republic of China since 1949. As a revolutionist, he launched several revolutions such as the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution which ended in catastrophes, whilst he contributed much to the communist party as well as China. So, was Mao Zedong a hero or a tyrant? A hero should have leadership skills, be visionary, progressive, and would strike for national interest, justice and glorify the nation. On the contrary, a tyrant is a dictator, aggressive, inhumane, and rule by terror, neglect citizens’ interest and uses power unjustly.
Although Truman’s actions and the new ‘policies’ that he introduced were a major factor to the deterioration of America-Soviet relations, it is important to understand the pre-1945 factors that affected these relations. After World War I, European countries adopted an appeasement ideology: The world was horrified by what the war had done to Europe, and a war like that must never happen again, so peace must be protected at all costs. This led to many attempts to preserve peace in Europe, which ultimately failed as Germany invaded Poland and the world realized that another war was about to begin. However, one of the last agreements that the western countries signed with the Nazis might have been the start of the bad Soviet relations with these countries: the Munich agreement. This agreement said that Hitler was free to invade a portion of Czechoslovakia, as long as he went no further.
During the early years of the Cold War, the Soviet Union and China seemed to be inseparable. Both states regarded by the West as the main supporting pillars of world Communism. Apparently, what the West did not realize was the Soviet Union and China had a long history of conflicts. The frictions between the two countries can be dated back to the 1930s, when the Soviet Union decided to support Chiang Kai-shek rather than Mao Tse-tung during the Chinese Civil War. However, when the war finally ended in 1950, relations between the Soviet Union and China recovered.