The impact of Lenin’s victory over a capitalist monarchy defines an important change in the way Sino-Vietnamese relations would occur, since the focus on nationalism would slowly convert to communism as the dominant ideology to resist western capitalism. The rise of the communist resistance Ho Chi Minh in the early 20th century defines the overarching influence of Chinese/Soviet communist policies, which he followed by building a military force on the northern border of China and Vietnam in the 1920s: “By late 1924, Nguyen Ai Quoc (Ho Chi Minh) was in southern China, building a new revolutionary organization meant to operate inside Indochina. These efforts culminated in 1930 with the establishment of the Vietnamese Communist Party” (Ward 45). In this historical perspective, it is imperative to understand the impact that the Soviet Union had on Chinese Communism, which had been steadily growing as a counter-ideology to the capitalist nationalism of Sun Yat-sen.
When Richard Nixon was president he established good connections with China and the Soviet Union. Nixon hated Communism and he was willing to visit China to restore peace. On February 21, 1972 Nixon went to China to make a long lasting relationship with the
In the aftermath of World War II, growing tensions and rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union resulted in the Cold War. Having lasted for much of the second half of the 20th century, this state of economical, political and propaganda-based confront, with a lack of military conflict and open hostility, is considered a turning point in modern history. The root cause of the conflict was fundamentally the belief in completely opposing ideologies. The confrontation between capitalism and communism led to an international power struggle that left the world on the brink of disaster.
Mao Zedong was born on December 26, 1893, in a peasant family in Shaoshan, central China. He was a Chinese communist Party leader from 1935 until his death in 1976, and he was a chairman of the People 's Republic of China, which he governed from its establishment in 1949 to 1959. Mao Zedong occupied a critical place in the story of the country’s resurgence. His motivations were to make China classless country and to promote the Cultural Revolution, he also wanted to make China great, modernized and strong country. Mao Zedong was a great leader because he changed China in a much better country by transforming it into a modern nation, strengthening the economy, and achieved gender equality.
The Viet Minh led the fight for independence against the Chinese and French led by Ho Chi Minh. After the fight for independence the Viet Minh started to disappear and lose power prominently because of their failure to unify the South. To replace them the Viet Cong had emerged from the North which would benefit North Vietnam in their fight against South Vietnam and the United States. The Viet Cong eventually lost power and disappeared as well after the war when both the South and North unified. The United States had joined the fight because of the Containment Policy, Domino effect theory, and the attacks against the US by North Vietnam.
Reagan did led his country to a victory in the cold war but his great accomplishment came in his second term in office when he abandoned his earlier stance toward the soviet and took a more flexible stance to better the relations with a reformist and leader of the soviet union Mikhail Gorbachev by acting as Gorbachev partner as much as his enemy. Reagan help to the fall of the” Evil Empire” peacefully. By working with Gorbachev rather than against him Ronald Reagan help to strengthen the growing spirit of reform within the Soviet
During the Cultural Revolution (1966-76) art completely changed in style and purpose. More specifically when the Communist Party took over the minds and hearts of China in 1949, propaganda seen in art was used to influence them and further make Mao Zedong an icon and hero. This movement changed the art of China into a modernized art, an art that was no longer showing the spirit of the old China but a new spirit that sparked through Mao Zedong's teachings. Through the elimination of traditional-style artworks, its artist and of those not in favor of Mao Zedong’s ideals, China brutally metamorphosised into a modern nation. Through the articles by Julia Andrews “The of Cultural Revolution” and by Liu Chunhua, “Painting Pictures of Chairman Mao is Our Greatest Happiness” and “Art that Serves Proletarian Politics,” and the film “Making Mao” this essay will analyse the change in art and the new spirit that the new and modern artwork spoke and communicated to the people of China.
In Great Britain, instead of spending their own silver, they sold opium with Chinese citizens for silver to be used to trade between governments. Great Britain was exploiting China for its products while also smuggling in illegal drugs. After China ordered the opium to be taken away in 1839, merchants were outraged and asked the British government for assistance. The British soon attacked along the Chinese coast in June of 1840, and with their old military technology, China lost to the British. Britain made China agree to pay a large fine, open five more ports to foreign trade, give British citizens special legal rights in China, and offer the British a 99-year lease for the island of Hong Kong.
Though the end of World War II made the United States a global superpower, it also prompted new challenges for the President to tackle. Diverging aims for the postwar world divided the previous World War II Allies, and sparked a Cold War which heightened tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union. The struggle to contain Communism abroad as well as the unresolved issue of crippling inequality at home called for a strong leader to make effective use of his authority and firmly resolve these issues. From 1945 to 1964, Harry S. Truman, Dwight D. Eisenhower, John F. Kennedy, and Lyndon B. Johnson emphasized Cold War Liberalism, which supported equality and democracy while combatting Communism abroad. Similar to Social Welfare Liberalism
The beginning of the 1970’s saw an administration ran by President Richard Nixon, in 1968 Nixon was voted into office and began changing the policies set by President Johnson just years earlier. He disagreed and fought against Johnson’s War on Poverty. Nixon also felt extremely weary of the school desegregation and advocated the American people to get behind a domestic model called “New Federalism” Nixon however has a primary focus on foreign policy, he came up with the Nixon Doctrine that would give financial compensation to American Allies. Nixon’s plan was to have a détente with China, the Siagon and Soviet Union split allowed for Nixon to take advantage of these countries and ultimately changed the outcome of the Cold War. Nixon was involved in various scandals during his presidency that still resonate in the American people’s minds.
France was desperately in need of economic support and had overseas colonies which were now able to declare their independence. In 1950, the powers of China and the Soviet Union recognized the Viet Minh’s Democratic Republic of Vietnam as the government of Vietnam, but the United States recognized the French backed State of Vietnam as the legitimate government of Vietnam. Representatives from China entered North Vietnam and helped transform the Viet Minh from bands of guerrilla fighting forces into a well trained and supplied army. On May 7, 1954, the Vietminh army defeated the French forces in Southern Vietnam and eventually liberated all of Vietnam from the French. However, the West decided to put power into the hands of Ngô Đình Diệm, a South Vietnamese Catholic who was supported by the United States, France, the United Kingdom, and the United Nations Council.
The Korean War has often been a controversial subject. Some say that an all-out war with China would have brought Russia into the conflict, creating WWIII. Others say that if we had done it right and hit hard, Communist powers would have backed off. No one can know for sure. It has been many years since the Korean War and Communism is still a threat.
Beginning in the early 1900’s, Japan started to conquer and occupy land in China in order to gain more resources. This caused a lot of trouble for the Chinese but with the help of the Allies they managed to drive the Japanese out of China.
Truman denounced Soviet actions over a continued occupation of Iran, as well as aggressive intentions in Turkish Dardanelles where Stalin was hoping to achieve access to the Mediterranean, and a battle for control of ideological influence during the
In the Classical era, two very comparable empires carried out the cycle of rising and falling on the far western and eastern ends of Eurasia. While only Rome had to struggle to grow from a single city to an enormous empire, both Rome and Han China rose to power on the backs of their brutal armies. And, the fall of both empires negatively impacted the life of common people as well as the cultivation of culture across Eurasia. In the beginning of its reign, the Roman empire labored to grow from an impoverished city-state into a more expansive political force.