Document 1 depicts the leader of the Chinese Communist party, Mao Zedong,’s written report that describes peasants’ strong nationalism. His written report uses strong words as “corrupt” and “evil” which describes peasants’ enemies, such as officials and landowners. Mao wanted to uprise the sense of nationalism by mentioning the peasants’ enemies. However, Mao Zedong is the leader of the Chinese Communist Party, so he might exaggerated the state of peasants in order to gain trusts from the peasants. According to document 2, a sense of nationalism is shown in the discussion between a teenaged peasant and his grandfather.
The transition of power in China changed the dynamics of post-World War II relations. For the United States, the so-called “Loss of China” was a a catastrophe, not only because the US supported Chiang Kai-shek in the last few years, but also because it seems to be a victory for the Soviet Union and the global Communism. For China, in 1949 started for the first time in its history the possibility to build foreign relations without being “suppressed by unequal treaties” by western powers. But China‘s relations to other countries remained very complicated and complex. With the Soviet Union, China had found an ideological partnership which changed in the following decades into rivalry.
But as the man aged he became distracted by a need to reaffirm his Mongol origins, and so he launched a number of ill-fated military campaigns which both tarnished his reputation and almost bankrupted the country." This quote explains how Kublai Khan’s management ability had impacted his empire. Although Kublai Khan had all of these failed missions, he was still able to conquer China. Since Kublai Khan did not concentrate on conquering land, his military was weak which gave his less power than Genghis
Most of the population disagreed with both of the policies, however, the benefits and the positive effects outweighed for many. War Communism had a significant impact on the peasantry and the proletariat, it was extremely unpopular and not successful enough to continue. It has been suggested that War Communism was an attempt by the Bolsheviks to go straight to socialism, it is more likely that it was a reaction to wartime conditions, justified by ideological position. The effect of War Communism on the proletariat was immense, Lenin nationalised businesses to place the economy on a war footing. All industries came under direct control of the state, managers were forced to stay in their positions and private trades were banned.
The Nation was greatly changed by one President that will always be remembered: Richard Nixon. He was a respected President but made some bad decisions during his presidency. He is not the only President that made bad decisions. Every President did, but his decisions changed the way people view the next future ruler and the way people look at politics. Richard Nixon established connections with China and the Soviet Union, but he will always be known for his mistakes during the Vietnam War and the Watergate Scandal.
Red Guards were formed in order to eliminate the old ideas, culture, customs, and habits. During the cultural revolution, Mao fought corruption and streamline bureaucracy in which there are only a few people who do the work to get things done since as when the nationalist was in control, the government never really help the people and was corrupted. He also United all China under the Beijing government for the first time since the fall of the
The claim to build a better world held by the communists might be the basis of the foundation of the populist regime, by itself it was certainly not efficient enough to settle firmly the regime in China. In order to completely establish the regime, Mao relied on ideological control and mass mobilization, which were at the core of the revolution led by the communists. The aim of this ideological control was to make the population believe strongly that the only relevant way to build a better world was through the appropriation and the setting of the Communist system and ideology. Communism relies on the ideology of class struggle and that socialism would be able to erase all classes. Indeed strong classes dividing the society firmly organized China at the time.
Countries such as Germany, France, Europe, Britain and Japan participated in the “sphere of influence” because China had valuable resources and these countries can control an area of trade in China. As shown in document A, the countries are reaching towards China to take their resources. The United States felt threatened and left out because they weren’t participating, they decided to create the policy as a coverup to join in the sphere of influence and take a role of power in China wealth. The United States had the right to create the policy because they believed that China wasn’t suitable and it was necessary for them to do it. As Theodore Roosevelt said in the Annual Message to Congress, if a country can govern themselves, they won’t need U.S interference.
For example, England required China to pay $ 22 US dollars for reparations and open up numerous ports in China. After the Opium Wars brought China into imperialism, foreign countries including England came to china. Because ambassadors brought new technologies, mechanisms and religion to China, agriculture became less profitable and lots of peasants lost their occupations. Subsequently, the Boxer Rebellion or the Boxer Uprising, immense and vigorous rebellion against Christianity, took place between 1899 and 1902. Through the Boxer Rebellion, it lingered China lots of casualties, economic damages and influences.
During the 1950s, America was on edge, as Russia’s dictator Stalin bolstered the kind of government that went against what World War II was fought for. As communism developed into a shunned philosophy, it nonetheless spread into other parts of Asia, such as Korea, China, and Vietnam. As a safeguard against its potential arrival to the United States, the American society became paranoid and