Mass Media And Human Rights In Nigeria

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CHAPTER THREE 3.0.0: INTRODUCTION The Legal framework on Mass Media and Human rights represents aset of rules which is closely associated with the promotion and protection of individual rights especially right to freedom of expression which provided an avenue for freedom of speech which is a key to democracy and to the realization of all human rights. This was recognized by the UN General Assembly at its very first session, in Resolution 59(I), adopted on 14 December 1946, which states: “Freedom of information is a fundamental human right and ... the touchstone of all the freedoms to which the United Nations is consecrated.” The regulation of the media is mostly left to the government. Legal framework regulating the Media and Human rightsare aimed at promoting freedom of speech and Human rights. This chapter will focus on thehistorical foundation of Mass Media in Nigeria, Laws and Policies on Media, i.e. the international legal framework, regional instruments and other enactments. This chapter will also review the constitutional and political environment of the mass media and identifies legal, historical, and cultural factors which have impeded the development of the mass media and constrain their performance in Nigeria. 3.1.0: HISTORICAL FOUNDATION OF MASS MEDIA Mass media in Nigeria started as far back as 1846 when a printing press was first established in Calabar (Now Cross-rivers state). It was established by the Presbyterian Church and the essence was to print

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