In October 1970, a Quebec minister and a British diplomat were kidnapped by the FLQ. First on October 5th, the members of FLQ kidnapped British Trade Commissioner James Cross. Then on October 10th they kidnapped Pierre Laporte the minister and deputy premier. The group name FLQ stands for Front for the Liberation of Quebec. (Front de libération du Québec). It was a group of people that would steal and threaten anyone. They had stolen several tons of dynamite from military and industrial sites, robbed banks and had been involved in over 200 bombings in Quebec, since 1963. The kidnappers threatened to kill Cross unless the government released 23 prisoners that had been charged with crimes committed in the name of the Front. They also wanted their declaration of their intentions, opinions, objectives, and motives to be read on national television. This news broke out panic through the public and made them fear the FLQ, they saw them as a very large, powerful organization. Although, on October 13th, Prime Minister Trudeau was interviewed by CBC. This interview was talked about all over through the public, they admired Trudeau's courage, bravery, and love for his pride and country. Then on October 16th Trudeau invoked the War Measures Act. The Act allowed police searches and arrests without warrants without charges and without
David McDermott is a 42-year-old man who was found in Ghana, after a three-year manhunt. He was one of Britain’s most wanted fugitives and he was captured in Ghana for his connection to plot to bring £71m worth of cocaine into the UK. McDermott is suspected of being a member of an organized crime syndicate from Liverpool. It is believed that the group is responsible for a failed smuggling operation discovered by the border force at Tilbury Docks in May 2013. In May 2013, the officers had seized 400 kilograms cocaine that was smuggled into the country in a frozen Argentinian beef container. Also, McDermott is wanted for conspiracy to blackmail. Currently, he is held in custody by the Ghanaian authorities. His arrest means that in total, seventy-six out of eighty-six fugitives have now been caught.
When one thinks of a terrorist attack, Canada is not usually the first one to come to mind. Canada is usually regarded as a very peaceful country. But Canada was not always peaceful internally; in fact it had raging internal battles with the French wanting independence. A drastic approach some Quebeckers took happened during the October Crisis. It began on October 5, 1970, with the kidnapping of James Cross, a British trade commissioner in the city of Montreal, Quebec. This was carried out by a radical separatist group, Front de Libération du Québec, often shortened to FLQ. Later Pierre Laporte, the Minister of Labour, was kidnapped also. With these acts of terrorism plaguing Quebec, Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Elliot Trudeau enacted the War Measures Act. This was the only time ever to be ever done so during a time of peace. This action is very controversial even to this day. The enactment of the War Measures Act was not justified because it removed civil rights, increased fears and very little communication between parties.
Today, Canada is seen as a multicultural and peaceful nation that has evolved over the course of history. This great nation would never have been possible without the impact that former Prime Minister, Lester B. Pearson left on this country. His achievements and insights profoundly affected and shaped Canada’s nation. First, peacekeeping is an important part of Canada’s heritage and a reflection of its fundamental beliefs that Pearson implemented after dealing with world changing situations and winning a Nobel Prize. Also, his contributions as a liberal leader as well as the flaws and controversy with Diefenbaker did in fact define this country. Lastly, Pearson created the Canadian identity by unveiling the new flag, bringing equality with
For the longest time, Canada had been under British control, however, this changed a bit after World War 1 took place. Of the 630,000 Canadians that served in the war, more than 10,500 either sacrificed their lives or got injured in a World War 1 battle that changed the way Canadians looked at themselves (Morton, Desmond. "First World War (WWI)." The Canadian Encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 10
Since last two decades Canada being experienced softer and harder forms of neo-liberal economic impetus (McKeen, 2006). Many of these reforms targeted social benefits and divided marginalized people into deserved and undeserved category (McKeen, 2006). At a large level, social policies are shaped by the exploration of dominant ideas about a social issue. Existing political views and the interest of the dominant policy community are predominantly influencing policy making (McKeen, 2006). The mainstream discourses for solutions of social problems and policy outcomes are increasingly underrepresented and narrow down the focus of social welfare in Canada (McKeen, 2006).
For a long time the debates had been going about how was the better prime minister of Canada. On the the top of most lists of best prime ministers are Mackenzie King and Sir John A. Macdonald. For example, according to the Expert Survey that was made in 2013 “Laurier came first, Macdonald second, and King third, but the difference in their overall scores was negligible”. Both prime ministers had a strong vision of the country that helped shaped Canada to become the country it is today(in 2015).
To call this era of drastic change the ‘Quiet Revolution’ is a vivid, and yet, paradoxical description. The Quiet Revolution was a time of intense socio-political and socio-cultural change in Quebec, which extended beyond Quebec’s borders because of its influence on contemporary Canadian politics. As a result of the effects of the changes that occurred during this Quiet Revolution, most Quebec provincial governments since the early 1960s have maintained political and social orientations based on the core concepts developed and implemented during the Quiet Revolution. As such, there is no doubt that the Quiet Revolution had a significant impact in Canadian History. This impact can be characterized by the prelude to the Quiet Revolution; the demographic evolution of Quebec; the social educational reforms that were put in place; the economic reforms and their impact; the rise of nationalism; and finally, the cultural changes that occurred.
“Just watch me”. One of the most popular quotes in all of Canadian history and was said by Canadian Prime Minister, Pierre Elliott Trudeau. His legacy, attitude, and work transformed Canada and still continues to do so. Trudeau was the Prime Minister of Canada, from 1968 to 1979 and from 1980 to 1984. Pierre Trudeau changed Canada’s social-political ideology. Canada is now known to be a diverse, multicultural, bilingual and inclusive nation largely as a result of his work. Pierre Elliott Trudeau also believed in an equal Canada for all, he is primarily the one to introduce rights and freedoms to the citizens of Canada. While some view Pierre Trudeau as impulsive, for enforcing the War Measures Act, Trudeau enacted this for the protection of Canadian citizens against radical extremist and his actions were more rational than impulsive for the situation that had suddenly occurred. Pierre Trudeau was one of Canada’s greatest Prime Minister’s, who’s impact fundamentally changed the course of the nation by introducing multiculturalism, for introducing the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms and for paradoxically upholding democracy by strong action during the October Crisis.
Toronto — On June 28th 1919 WW1 officially concluded after the signing of the Treaty of Versailles, however as a result of the war, Canada has suffered great losses, many that will change the fate of the nation.
In the essay, “Federalism, Nationalism, and Reason”, Pierre Trudeau addresses the history and origins of self-determination and nationalism and its central role in federal statehood, he then discusses the interactions of federalism and nationalism in a Canadian context. Trudeau posits major arguments that will be assessed in this review. First, he postures that that the federal state is driven by self-determination and nationalism, which ultimately makes it unstable due to its foundation in emotionalism rather than reason. Second, Trudeau outlines the historical factors that resulted in the separatist narrative in Quebec and claims that Canadian nationalism cannot combat Quebec’s regional nationalism.
The impact of WW2 played a major role in helping Canada become a more strong, united nation, with equality, respect, and human rights. To begin with, before WWII there was lots of discrimination shown towards minority groups and many other cultures in Canada and because of this Canada created some inhumane mistakes. Canada allowed internment, allowed residential schools, and violation of human rights. When the Holocaust started it was like an eye opener for Canadians because they started to experience what the Holocaust underwent. This made Canadians realize that what they had done was wrong. As stated by Margaret Hoogeveen and Sarah Murdoch in the book Creating Canada “During WW2 Canadians experienced the worst violence that war can
World War One, Two and peace have been defining themes in Canada’s history. WWI separated french and english Canada and gave women the right to vote. In WWII Canada established itself as a middle power and its industrial sector grew. Peacekeeping helped defined Canada as a nation with strong peacekeeping power and helped bolster
In many countries, conflict between different groups of people is inevitable. In Canada, the divide between English-speaking and French-speaking regions has been a prominent political and cultural topic since the birth of the nation. The most well known of these conflicts goes to Quebec. The province has sprouted several movements and parties supporting the autonomy and independence of Quebec. One of those parties is the Bloc Quebecois.
In fact they thought things could not be running any smoother, “Canadian officials hoped they would stay for the long term and make important contributions to the economic and social life of the country”(Madokoro 168). Canada based their success on how they economically benefited; through employment rates and income levels (Madokoro 168). The “68ers” were talented in multiple fields and were quickly employed once they arrived. The Prague Spring positively impacted Canada in other aspects as well besides economics, “The nature of Canada’s response to the 1968 invasion allowed it to maintain polite relations with the Soviet Bloc” (Madokoro 168).