Wilfrid Laurier became prime minister in 1896 and had great plans for Canada. He pushed an ambitious agenda promoting industries, building railways and opening the west to immigrants from Europe. With that Canada started its way to multiculturalism. However, this plan didn’t present equal opportunities for immigrants. British people got jobs before others, and immigration threatened the survival of the natives.
Canada is well known for its peacekeeping efforts and contributions through peacekeeping. Yet, few of the population knows of Canada’s transition to peacemaking, and how Canada aims to return to keeping peace instead creating it. Peacekeeping first transitioned to peacemaking after the Cold War. The change caused public opinion to drop, resulting in Canada declining missions, and contributing less to the UN’s peacekeeping efforts. The Canadian government became unhappy with what Canada's Peacekeeping had become, and decided to take on and complete missions in a manner unlike the way that they were completed for years prior, but in a way alike peacekeeping once was.
Institutional and historical analysis often portray the motives of governments, especially in the cases of Quebec separatism and Aboriginal mistreatment. History describes attempts at compromise to rectify the problems by altering political institutions to provide more autonomy to the provinces, witness in various accords and the methods described previously. However, in regards to Aboriginals a historical relationship of exploitation and eradication sheds on the systemic issues that Aboriginals cope with and the institutions that caused them. As scholars of Canadian politics, it is important to consider historical and institutional analyses when looking at any issue, as it reveals the underlying motives of actors in regards to the cleavages that comprise a state. This is especially evident in Trudeau’s account of how over-zealous nationalism prevented Quebec from modernizing prior to WWII, setting it behind the rest of the
Over the past century, assimilation has been the predominant solution to the challenges posed by the existence of Indigenous people. Historically, Canadian sovereignty depended on maintaining the relationship between Canada’s Indigenous people and the Crown through treaties of peace and friendship (Macklem 122). It was not until 1973 when the Calder case formally recognized pre-existing Aboriginal titles to land that the Canadian government committed to settling all pending land claims (Légaré 344). The legitimacy of self-determination was further entrenched when the Constitution Act in 1982 recognized all existing treaty rights as well as the inherent Indigenous right of self-government (Macklem 2001, 101). Indigenous peoples have always wanted control over their own affairs which lead to the constant pressure on the Federal Government to grant them wider powers in the government which they had before the coming of the Europeans.
The major defence that was brought forward was deeming the man insane and incapable of comprehending the difference between right and wrong. Riel was against the allegations and was determined to pledge his own case that he was sane and his actions were justified in order to gain rights for the Métis people. His lawyers, however, “threatened to withdraw from the case” when Louis protested (Groarke, 2013, p.6). In addition, Groarke (2013) wrote of the defences Riel raised in his speech to the jury. His first statement was that Canada had no dominion over the Northwest Territories at the time of the uprising, deeming them as an invader (p.9).
There was a need for the rebellion when the Métis have had enough of being taken advantage of. At the time, land speculators and surveyors laid out square townships and disregarded the strip lots the settlers were used to having. When Rupert's Land was purchased without any consultations with the settlers in the area. The Métis called for Riel, who was the leader of the Métis in the prairies at the time. Riel created a provisional government in the area and tried to negotiate with the Canadian government as much as possible.
The Canadian citizenship study guide is designed to help newcomers gain a better understanding of Canada as a country, as well as the rights and freedoms of a Canadian citizen. Its main purpose is to inform the newcomer of Canada’s policies and procedures – from voting procedures to the justice system to the economy… etc., and provide the newcomer with a brief history of Canada. As stated in the study guide, “Canadian citizens enjoy many rights, but Canadians also have responsibilities. They must obey Canada’s laws and respect the rights and freedoms of others … this guide will help you prepare to become a Canadian citizen” (Citizenship and Immigration Canada, 2012, p.3). This then helps the prospective Canadian citizens realize what the perks and rules of being a Canadian citizen are, as well as outline the process to becoming a Canadian citizen.
Jackson relied with “No” he said to the colonel “I would probably not understand your orders”(Vandiver). Nevertheless he was pressed into acceptance. He soon found himself in trouble. The colonel found himself in trouble. The colonel gave an improper command, and the strict discipline of West Point forbade any improvisation, so Jackson’s company marched off the parade ground and straight through the town.
But, “everything”, still was not presented to them. Hope was being lost, once proud people, now thought to themselves that they were cursed. To draft Indians and not call them, “The First American Citizen,” (Page 126) is very clearly disrespectful and dehumanizing. Wassaja wanted these words spoken to the “Washington father”, to spark some sort of fire. Hoping to show proof that the Native American deserved to be an American equal.
Thus, forms of amalgamation are closely related with colonial history, the emergence of nation-states, and the resulting policies of exclusion and inclusion on the basis of citizenship (Rodriguez, 2010, p. 253). As can be seen in Canada, multiculturalism is enshrined in the nation’s constitution, therefore, multiculturalism reflects a principal part of the social and political context of Canada. Multiculturalism, therefore, persists as it is the belief of how Canadians ought to be, the values that Canadians hold onto. The Canadian multicultural policy, put in place in 1971, serves as a guideline for government policy as well as a framework for national discourse on the construction of Canadian society (Mahtani, 2002, pp. 67-68).
Our current prime minister is making some wise decisions, he is continuing to have the military focused on peacekeeping and security, this will make Canada safer in the long term, and promotes peace. Even with our great government, the way to get elected is starting to be viewed as undemocratic. In our election, those who don’t vote for the winner have then made a useless vote. Political relies on our society and has to adapt to our needs to be able to reach to those of us in the
The Past is to be respected and acknowledged, but not to be worshiped. It is our future in which we will find our greatness. -Pierre Trudeau, Prime minister of Canada 1968-1979///1980-1984 The future of our country was at the forefront of Pierre Trudeau 's mind when in office, and though our country grew out of simple history, the land was still riddled in many faults. To combat that, Trudeau created the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, which has continued to flourish and protect the welfare of Canadian citizens since its signing, though in some cases, has not been of the expected benefit. The protection of individual rights and freedoms has continued to thrive over the last few decades, but the government has failed in keeping
They also didn’t have any knowledge of preserving foods and making medicine to cure their people, and Champlain saw this as a bit of a threat. He wanted to forge an alliance with the Aboriginals to make sure the Europeans were secure. He sent young Europeans to live with the Aboriginal peoples, and learn their values. He also made amends by joining Algonquin people in war against the Haudensaunee, in
47. Major crises faced by the Washington Administration: Small staff. Disagreements between Jefferson and Hamilton. His own cabinet split apart as Thomas Jefferson increasingly dissented from the economic policies proposed by Alexander Hamilton, most of which Washington supported. Even more disturbing to Washington was the emergence of a new form of political activity where the public divided into opposing parties.
Born in a period of rapid change for Canada and the territory surrounding it, he was the voice of the minority people during the resistance in Red River. He helped create a province that had rights that were best for his people and in doing so, solidified their future. He was a rebel and a madman, trying as always, to help the Métis during the North-West Rebellion even as his mental instability began to take hold of him. Until the day he was hanged so controversially, Louis Riel was a man of religion, of politics, and of belief for his culture. His actions influence Canada even today.