If situate conscience into the consideration of natural law, it can be defined as the God 's instrument as a part of the Divine ordination in order to persistently urge the human to be what he designed him to be. Conscience leads human 's free will. Therefore, it can be stated that human remains aimless in the universe without the guide of conscience. There exist a number of various definitions of the notion of natural law. Commonly, natural law is associated with the "laws of nature", indicating the order which naturally directs the changes and alterations of the material and physical universe.
The song “Island In the Sun” by Weezer talks about the importance of escaping society to get back in touch with yourself, connecting with nature, and finding your happiness. While living in the woods at Walden Pond, Thoreau justifies his decision to live there by saying: “I went to the woods because I wished to live deliberately, to front only the essential facts of life, and see if I could not learn what it had to teach, and not, when I came to die, discover that I had not lived” (17). This quote perfectly sums up the message of the song, and connects the two main themes of spending time in nature and escaping society to bring out independent
Thoreau, in his chapter on “Higher Laws” from Walden, uses rhetorical devices to emphasis his purpose that in order to find out who you really are, you have to seclude yourself from the presence of others and live a simple life and focus on your individuality in order to control the necessities and priorities of one’s life. The use of these rhetorical devices are evident in the relationship he establishes with his audience through rhetorical appeals and devices. The use of rhetorical appeals in “Higher Laws” helps to establish Thoreau’s credibility, the logic behind his claim, and connect on a personal level with the reader. The use of the natural prairie hunter and the fisherman in paragraph one establishes Thoreau’s logic behind his claim by
Lewis also rejects the claims that the moral law could be simple a social convention for two main reasons. Firstly, he states that anyone who believe human morality has ever developed should also believe that there is a standard, independent of society invents, where the society’s morality can grow closer or farther away. Secondly, the author claims that a common thread of values is identifiable in every culture. Like how the law of gravity tell us about behavior of physical objects, the author contrasts the moral law with the natural law which tells us how to behave (C.S. Lewis, 1952, p. 17).
Martin Luther King believed in racial and ethical equality, nonviolent protests, and love and peace. These beliefs compare to those of transcendentalists in that both value individualism. Transcendentalists encourage others to think for themselves, which will promote peace and harmony in a community. “People can trust themselves to be their own authority on what is right,” (Transcendentalism). Martin Luther didn’t conform to a society that said it was okay to segregate people based on race.
Thoreau uses the metaphor of transcendentalism to suggest the importance of finding inner self; Steinbeck utilizes imagery of existentialism to foreshadow the tragedy of the ending; London illustrates symbolism of naturalism to describe aboriginal instincts. Among three masterpieces, Thoreau illustrates some examples of rebirth considering the transcendental concept -- looking of nature, and eventually states the metaphor as internal growth, building a better self; Steinbeck uses the imagery to make a foreseen tragedy for what Lennie does and to show the survival of the fittest – the social structure controls the individuals; London argues an incisive consideration the underlying symbolism of primitive instincts and eventually, he combines with the naturalism and shows the ancestral memory beneath our civilization. Three great writers create a worldview between human and
Transcendentalism is a philosophy that asserts the primacy of the spiritual and transcendental over the material, that deals with aspects of nature. Men committed their lives to the study of nature. Nature became a religion. Emerson, a transcendental optimist, claimed that each person is inherently good. Hawthorne, a transcendental pessimist, demanded that man was corrupt and inherently evil.
Romanticism introduced contradictory values of the rationalistic values. Romantics believed in feeling and intuition while rationalists believed in reason. Two authors that shared these romantic views were Henry Longfellow and Ralph Emerson. Both Longfellow and Emerson used the power of nature and their romantic values to discover truths about life. In Longfellow 's “The Tide Rises, the Tide Falls” and “Cross of Snow” the power of nature is shown through the incorporation of repetition and metaphors, which reveal truths about human life.
The only way one can become and individual and have peace is to stay strong to ones values and follow the heart. Ralph Waldo Emerson introduced the necessity to become a self-reliant individual and to reject conforming to society. Emerson individualistic ideal and rejection of society becomes even more apparent as American literature progresses as authors continue to build of Emerson’s
A Critical analysis on the Contribution of Emerson and Thoreau to the American Transcendentalism The idea of transcendentalism which is important to know, firstly it is a human sense can know only physical reality. Basically, the fundamental truths of being and the universe lie outside the reach of the sense and it can be grasped only through intuition. So, it’s focus on the human spirit. It’s interested in the natural world and it’s relationship to humanity. It is a believe that if people explored nature thoroughly, they would come to know themselves and the universal truths better.