The number one killer in the United States today is heart disease or also known as cardiovascular disease (U.S. National Library of Medicine, 2015). As death rates begin to rise due to cardiovascular disease, in 1948 the Framingham Heart Study became a joint project of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute and Boston University to pinpoint the most common factors that play a role in cardiovascular disease and strokes (Framingham Heart Study, 2015). Over several years, the Framingham study has identified several risks factors that are believed to increase the likelihood of a person being diagnosed with cardiovascular disease. These risk factors include high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, smoking, obesity, diabetes, and physical
As one begins to face life challenges, one’s maturity is put to the test. In the story, “The Scarlet Ibis” by James Hurst, the speaker allows his ego to rise above him which ultimately causes the death of his brother. On the other hand, the speaker in “Shaving” by Leslie Norris acknowledges that his father is dying maturely steps up and takes his father’s role in the family. The speaker in Edgar Allan Poe’s poem, “Annabel Lee,” has an immature response towards the death of his loved one and cannot cope with the reality of the situation. The speaker in each work has to rely on their maturity to lead them through the hardships life has to offer. All three authors make clear that maturity drives one’s ability to cope with life’s challenges.
Schools all across the country are considering cutting back or eliminating recess altogether, some already have. Within the school environment, there is a call for stricter standards and greater academic achievement as well as all for schools to provide time for no sedentary activities. External pressures, such as mandated standardized testing have led teachers to believe more academic time is needed in the classroom. Some teachers use denial of recess as a form of dealing with behavior, unfinished or late work of the students. The American Academy of Pediatrics holds a firm statement about the importance of recess. “… believes that recess is a crucial and necessary component of a child’s development and, as
As individuals age older, they tend to slow down on their productively and begin retirement (Torges, Stewart, & Duncan, 2008). Erikson stated that during this stage, individuals reflect their lives and come to terms of their accomplishments or failures which have defined them of who they are (Capp, 2004). Individuals who accept the life they lived and view it as unchangeable will result in self-acceptance. Erikson described the importance of this acceptance in order to achieve ego integrity (Torges, Stewart, & Duncan, 2008). However, if individuals fail to accept their past may result in experiencing guilt or depression. They tend to regret their life choices and feel their life was meaningless (Torges, Stewart, & Duncan, 2008). This regret can result in despair which will have a negative impact on the
Theories of late adulthood development are quite diverse in later adulthood than at any other age. They include self-theory, identity theory and stratification theory. The self-theory tries to explain the core self and search to maintain one’s integrity and identity. The older adults tend to integrate and incorporate their various experiences with their vision and mission for their respective community (Berger, 2008). Also, the older people tend to feel that their attitude, personalities and beliefs have remained in a stable state over their lives even as they acknowledge that physical changes have taken place in their bodies. Objects, things and even places become precious as a way to hold on to identity that has been there for quite some
The aim of this assignment is to discuss in general the physical, intellectual, emotional and social development of a person in late adulthood. This will be completed by going through each heading and describing the different elements of each stage.
Late Adulthood is the stage of the human life cycle where an individual nears the end of their life. The life expectancy in the United States has slowly increased over the years therefore allowed many to further analyze the physical, cognitive, and psychosocial development during late adulthood. The stage of late adulthood has been emphasized by ageism and the stereotypical "old" person but, will be further educated by the normative development of the life cycle of late adulthood. For the “old” experience dramatic changes in their development as they face loss, death, and illness.
Studies have shown that peer support leads to improvement in self-management behaviors of dietary modifications, blood glucose monitoring, and increased physical activity (Murrock, Higgins, & Killion , 2009). Social support provided by peer, family and community members have been effective way to motivated individuals in continuing their attendance in health programs. Health behavior change theories and chronic disease management models highlighted that family support influence individuals affected with chronic illnesses into engaging in self-care behavior (Warren-Findlow & Prohaska, 2008). They are more encouraged by family members to engage in physical activity or weight loss programs. Peer support is also effective among individuals coping
Physical inactivity is a high risk factor for many chronic diseases. Yet, a large percentage of women of all ages remain less physically inactive in comparison to men. In addition to that, their ability and motivation to exercise decreases with age. In fact, many women reported other barriers related to gender, financial, and social support.
Rachel Champeau explores a study that explores the effect technology on brain function among middle aged and older adults. The study suggested that adults that use the internet are demonstrating increased brain stimulation and function. A series of tests were conducted on a group of adults that had internet experience and some that did not to see if brain function was affected. The internet savvy adults showed improved function in both decision-making and complex reasoning and this increase was twofold what the non-internet using adults experienced. This study shows that there is the promise of technology to help increase brain function and stimulation of our aging population and that further research is
There are many potential benefits and pitfalls of these social and biological changes that are occurring in the second decade of the twenty-first century. Many examples come from the essays, “The Limits of Friendship”, “What Is It about 20-Somethings?”, and “Attention Deficit: The Brain Syndrome of Our Era.” All three authors describe these social and biological changes in different ways. In some ways, Restak, Henig, and Konnikova have similarities in their essays.
There is a large debate throughout the country about what the legal drinking age for each state should be. Currently, every state in the United States has a legal drinking age of 21. This has not always been the case. Between 1970-1976, it was made legal for states to choose their own legal drinking age. 30 states lowered their drinking ages ranging from 18-21 but this law was ultimately overruled and the legal nationwide age became 21 with the enactment of the National Minimum Drinking Age Act of 1984(18 interesting pro, 2015). Based off of this alone, it is evident that there are pros and cons as to if the age should be younger or kept at 21.
Specific Purpose: The purpose of this speech is to motivate my audience by discussing the problems with not exercising regularly, offering solutions to the problems, and showing them different activities that can make exercising enjoyable.
Turning 50 years old and beginning the developmental period phase of one’s life, considered ‘middle adulthood’, can contain a mixture of emotions and feelings. This period in one’s life can be a time of declining physical skills, and expanding responsibility with a combination of new opportunities. Lachmen discusses that middle adulthood involves “balancing work and relationship responsibilities in the midst of the physical and psychological changes associated with aging” (Santrock, 485). In conclusion, physical changes, sexuality, leisure, information processing most significantly influence the experience of turning 50 years old.
In life of an individual there are several developmental changes or events which occur as continuity of span of life. Some of life developmental stages include infantile, adolescence, maturity, and adulthood. These phases have biological, social, psychological and physiognomic reasons to which an individual completed the course of life. Psychological analysis upon the developmental stages include the focus on characterization, demarcation and the social interaction of individual’s life (Baltes & Schaie, 2013).