It is discussed that the lives of black American did not improve significantly as racism was entrenched in governments and white Americans, especially southerners. Although amendments and acts sought out to better the lives of black Americans, it did not mean they were immediately treated as equal and given rights. Black Americans had a very difficult life post-Civil War as the rest of America was not prepared to stop depriving them of their civil rights as it was beneficial to them to have black Americans kept under oppression. The abolition of slavery cost slave owners over $2 billion in property only. This severely impacted the economy as it was in crisis and white slave owners did not have any slaves to serve them on plantations.
The state of Mississippi passed controversial laws in 1865 to assure that whites were a step up from African Americans. The basic human rights were guaranteed to blacks but other rights were denied such as the right to vote, hold office, and to intermarry with whites. There were two Laws in particularly that caused the most outrage. Those two horrific Laws were called the Apprentice Law and the Vagrancy law. The Apprentice Law and the Vagrancy Law allowed whites to utterly make change impossible for blacks and the oppression of “freed” slaves continued on throughout the time these Laws were
During the late 1800s, because the South had been decimated by the end of the Civil War, .the Reconstruction Period was initiated to aid the South’s recovery. Although the Civil War did abolish slavery and unify the North and the South, the war not resolve racial prejudice, the South’s damage, and the African Americans’ economic instability. The Reconstruction Period was initiated in order to prevent economic instability and the structural ruin, because since slavery was abolished, and the South was completely dependent on slaves, therefore slaves could not work for the South to maintain the economy, and slaves also could not fix up the damages done to the structures done to the South during the war. By starting the Freedmen’s Bureau and passing
It’s job was to bring slaves from the South to their freedom up North. The Bureau was run by a war department and It helped them by getting justice in state courts and settling disputes between the landowners. Also, the Black Codes set up many freedom’s for the African Americans with some restrictions. The Black Codes During the era of Reconstruction gave them some freedoms. They were able to acquire property, sue or be sued, make contracts, enjoy the fruits of their labor, and protection under law.
Douglass believed that freedom for freed slaves was the ability to make decisions, regardless of the outcome, for one’s self. At the time, many white legislative members, both from the north and from the south, believed that laws needed to be made to regulate the former slave population. The North sought to save them from themselves, while the South attempted to control them back into a form of slavery through sharecropping and forced employment. Douglass instead insisted that the white populace should “Do nothing with us!” and that “[i]f the apples will not remain on the tree of their own strength, if they are…disposed to fall, let them fall!” This analogy asserts that freed slaves should be able to carve their own path in American history, something they had been incapable of doing while slaves. Even if this meant failure for freedmen, at least it was a failure they could choose for
Dred Scott was taken back into slavery and accused Sandford because Scott was in a free states and claimed that he was in the free state long enough to be a free slave. The Supreme court ruled against Dred Scott, this decision affected blacks preventing them to become citizens and an giving them the right to appeal to a jury and making it harder for a slave to escape because the free states didn’t make a runaway slave a free slave. The case also affected popular sovereignty. Where states got to choose if they were to be a free states or a slave
Reconstruction in 1865 through 1877 was terminated by Southern men due to their lack of acceptance of African Americans in restricting their political rights, not following the North’s precedence of equality, and the assassination of many a men by their ever so popular Klan. Reformation began after the Civil War which was fought over sectional differences and heavy slavery in the South. Southerns had always been pro slavery which contributed to their low treatment of African Americans as a whole. Once the South lost the War they could no longer legally enslave African Americans, but that did not change their persona in the eyes of the rich white men. Equality was a concept for white men according to the South, especially considering that
The Jim Crow laws in the South made marriage between different races illegal, but in the North interracial relationships were much more accepted. Emmett was alive at a time where the civil rights movement had started before he was born, but had not come to a conclusion. The civil rights movement divided the North and South even more with the level of equality for blacks. A quote from history.com shows this, “Emmett bragged that his girlfriend back home was white. Emmett’s African-American companions, disbelieving him, dared Emmett to ask the white woman sitting behind the store counter for a date.” Emmett’s cousins said that their families prepared them to go to the South.
Black Codes determined the freedom for African Americans that resembled respect for slavery, which revealed in the Mississippi Black Code. The Mississippi Black Code is an act to confer Civil Rights on freedmen, and for other purposes. The Black Codes were essentially an attempt to create a system that looked and felt a lot like slavery, but did not technically violate the 13th amendment. W.L Fleming wrote this document to inform those on General Robert E. Lee laws to regulate and control former slaves which is known as Black Codes. An Act to confer Civil Rights on Freedmen law stated that all freedmen, free Negros and mulattoes can now intermarry with any white person and vice versa.
The reconstruction was a period during US history, which took place after the Civil War when the South restructured into the Union from 1865 to 1877. The end of reconstruction was a justification that freed all African Americans from slavery. Although they had set this decision and law, African Americans still suffered from social, economic and political barriers, which caused major tension between blacks and whites. The civil rights act of 1875, racial discrimination was banned from public facilities, such as schools or public transportations. The fourteenth amendment protected people against violations of their civil rights b states, not by the actions of the individuals.
What ultimately were these codes designed to do? The Mississippi Black Codes were laws passed by the Southern government to restrict the freedom of the blacks. These codes were to restrict the blacks from engaging in whites ' activities despite them being freed from slavery. The blacks were offered free society and were free to demonstrate their liberations and were allowed to own personal families as women also left working in fields and house servants. They were to create their own schools, churches, right to land ownership and right to vote.