Americans were moving west to the Great Plains it was an area of flat grassland and sky as far as the eye could people called it the great American desert because of the lack of precipitation. Americans wanted to settle from central Texas to North Canada wanting to stay and settle The Great plains were already occupied by Native Indian the Sioux occupied the northern plains and they were very territorial the Cheyenne and the Arapaho lived in the central plains finally were the Comanche who were in the southern plains what is now Texas. The tribes used land communally because they believed land could not be own they believed God gave them the land and water and air to share. They did not believe in land ownership that is why the tribes contrasted …show more content…
People hunted more buffalo, including the tribes to send it to the east to get in return money without realizing they are destroying their own culture. The tribes agree to because they received whatever they wanted in return from the settlers for example liquor blankets coffee, sugar. The bones were grinned up and used as component fertilizers. Other things that contributed to the decline of the buffalo was that it became a fad to take part just for the fun of it. If someone lived in the city they would just go on a trip to hunt waiting for scout to show them where the buffalo would be. Natives over hunted buffalo and the whites did it with specialized guns to kill a lot of buffalo. Buffalo were not the smartest creatures they killed hundred’s other buffalo dying did not trigger other …show more content…
The troops ask for them to camp on Wounded land and they will be send back the next morning and the Sioux agreed. The next morning the troops confiscated their weapons and took them away some natives were angry and kept some weapons. A soldier ask a deaf Sioux to put his weapon down but he did not understand they started to pulled and a shot was fired the war broke out and they army killed over one hundred fifty three unarmed Sioux. After the massacre the U.S. tried to help and rescue the survivors but a blizzard passed threw and the bodies froze it was too late. The Dawes Act was created for the government’s goal to divide up the tribal land among individual natives. After the tribes were in reservations the government wanted them to become more selfish so they came up with the idea of giving them one hundred and sixty acres and American citizenship if they agreed to town land but it didn’t work very
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In order to control even more the natives, another Indian Appropriation Act was passed in 1871. It said that Indian tribes were no longer seen as an indepedent nation but that all Indians were just individuals, like everyone. But also that they were "wards" of the federal government. This obviously made the natives less powerful, because as a tribe, they were numerous so they had more power and they could have treaties with the government. But with the act, it did not work anymore.
I do think this was their goal, but they lost sight of that and became very selfish with it. Also, the Indians didn't even agree to the act so I feel like the white Americans technically just stole away their land without asking so in turn, it wasn’t a compromise at all. After
When more Americans settlers began moving West during the 1850s, the Americans began to divide Native American land
“Aggressive whites sometimes shot peaceful Indians on sight, just to make sure they would give no trouble. (Chapter 26)” Whites often killed native Americans to prove a point that they had the power. Although there were conflicts that emerged with
First of all, Native Americans were settled on a hotbed of natural resources which included oil and precious metals such as silver and gold. There was also much fertile land that would entice farmers and frontiersmen to move out west. On this land there was so much potential economic opportunity for farmers, cattle drivers, miners and many other occupations. The government developed the popular public misconception that the indians were misusing the land and that Americans had the right to take advantage of the opportunities that lie in the west. These ideas led to the Dawes Severalty Act of 1887 which authorized encroachment of Indian lands by the US government in order to divide up reservations and control Indian activity.
Also, it affected the food source of the Plains Indians. The buffalo was one of those that were affected by
Whites did not attempt to exceed the Mississippi river to the West Coast as they considered it as an Indian country. After 1850 American settlers started preparing to displace the Native Americans from tribal lands. Plains were very resistant and hostile to any whites trying to acquire their groups of land and searching grounds. The policy of the federal government was to mend social group boundaries and to sign agreements promising to respect Indian social group. What was missing from this policy was the lack of understanding and insight into Native cultures.
The Dawes act nullified previous land allotments forced upon the Native Americans by the federal government. This new act insured that the allotted land, that the Native Americans were forced to live on and rebuild their lives, will now be given to white settlers. I don’t think this act is fair or just. It’s other process that is trying to get rid of the Native American culture and lifestyle. They’re separating big parts of the region, and making them relocate to a smaller area.
In 1877, the assimilation of the Osage resulted in a ration system that resulted in the starvation of many tribe members. In 1877, the commissioner for Indian Affairs refused to speak with the Osage tribe leader about the ration system and its subsequent effects. In 1906, the Osage Allotment Act prevented future Osage Native Americans from legally joining the tribe and receiving a headright. In 1921, the first recorded murder for an Osage headright was committed against Charles Whitehorn. It wasn’t until 1925 that the murders were investigated, despite pleas from the Osage for help and intervention.
Life for the Native Americans was much harder during and after the western expansion. For example, the US took land from the Indians leading the formation of reservations, White men almost hunted the Buffalo , an important food source for the Indians, to extinction, and forced the Indians to get rid of their culture. Because of the western expansion, the area of land the Indians could occupy decreased significantly. The government would make treaties with the Indians allowing them to keep a certain area of land, but this would soon be broken ; When the Pacific Railroad Act was passed it stated that wherever a track was laid the company would own any land 200 ft surrounding the track including Indian land ; the Government would make sure that
The railroad was spread out all over the U.S. in order to build this railroad they had to clear all of the buffalo out of the way of the path, so the white people started to kill the buffalo. Without the buffalo the indians would die. In the 1800’s , the Plains Indians moved westward to allow them to make a better living and have a good life on the frontier because of the Homestead Act. The homestead Acts were several U.S. laws that gave the citizens ownership of land.
Also, the extinction of buffalo affected them negatively and the domination of the whites disrupted their surroundings. The Westward Expansion impacted the Native Americans land and culture. Before the Americans started coming to the West and settling, the Native Americans had a peaceful life. Twenty-eight tribes lived in the Great
Westward expansion gave the US access to various types of nature they didn’t have access to before. Prairies, deserts, and plentiful amounts of bison were among them any resources the American settlers exploited on their journeys through the west. The vast amount of land that was available was used immediately to grow crops such as corn and wheat despite the fact that the grassland they were using were not adept to growing those types of crops consequently changing the land and its capabilities. The animals in the exploited areas suffered as another result of the change and degeneration of the land; animals began to die out due to lack of food and shelter. Settlers also began to exploit animal populations through mistreatment.
Native Americans who emigrated from Europe perceived the Indians as a friendly society with whom they dwelt with in harmony. While Native Americans were largely intensive agriculturalists and entrepreneurial in nature, the Indians were hunters and gatherers who earned a livelihood predominantly as nomads. By the 19th century, irrefutable territories i.e. the areas around River Mississippi were under exclusive occupation by the Indians. At the time, different Indian tribes such as the Chickasaws, Creeks, and Cherokees had adapted a sedentary lifestyle and practiced small-scale agriculture. According to the proponents of removal, the Indians were to move westwards into forested lands in order to generate additional space for development through agricultural production (Memorial of the Cherokee Indians).