Its application in bioremediation comes from its ability to increase in number and change its macro structure in response to oil contamination. Most organisms react to metals by detoxifying them but they make sue of different methods to do the same. Psedumonas functions by utilizing carbon that it obtains from hydrocarbon compounds. Therefore crude oil, phenol, heavy metals or other hydrocarbon compounds are its source of
As example, bio-gas can be produced by processing POME through anaerobic treating system. Along these lines, this had made ecological issue on the grounds that the palm oil process industry in Malaysia delivers the biggest contamination stack into the riverss all through the nation. According to Biopact, (2006) about 400m3 of bio-gas produced from 100 tonnes of POME, of which this amount of POME had been released during processing of 20 tonnes of fresh fruit
By using DPPH radical scavenging activity, O2 scavenging activity, NO scavenging activity, Fe2+ chelating activity, and reducing power the enyme was found to possess good antioxidant potential. (31) This study evaluate the production of protease by using agricultural waste, with the subsequent usage of same agro waste for the conservation of antioxidants. This Enzyme is broadly utilized in food-manufacturing and analysis of chemicals, thus resulting in one of the most essential branches of various industries (Priolo et al., 1991, Pandy et al., 2000, and Moharib &Gad,2010). Proteases are still the major group of enzymes plays a crucial role in biological systems, such as viral maturation, protein degradation (fungal peptidase) and blood pressure regulation
The production of palm oil holds great importance or significance in Indonesia o Palm oil is a versatile crop that is used in as much as 50% of consumer goods such as beauty, food, hair, cleaning products etc. making it a highly desirable item leading to higher global demand for palm oil. o Palm oil is abundantly grown in tropical countries like Indonesia which is how they make great profits from the production of palm oil. II. The development of palm oil has led to environmental and social issues o Deforestation of Indonesian Rainforests has led to the release of carbon emissions into the atmosphere contributing to climate change and making Indonesia the world’s third largest emitter of greenhouse gases.
It also has excellent scalability to commercial production. The method will increase the energy efficiency of ethanol fermentation and catalytic fuel production processes through decreased size-reduction energy requirements and maximized enzymatic cellulose conversion in a short period of time. This increase in efficiency will allow biofuels and other bioproducts to become economically competitive with petroleum derived fuels and
Table 4.1b: Summary of instantaneous and Compound Growth rate for Palm Oil in Nigeria (Pre-SAP, SAP, and Post –SAP periods) Period Year Instantaneous Growth rate Compound Growth rate Pre-SAP 1970 - 1985 0.70 0.70 SAP 1986 - 1994 -0.20 -0.20 Post -SAP 1995 - 2013 -1.50 -1.51 All Period 1970 - 2013 0.70 0.70 The compound growth rates for output of palm oil in the Pre -SAP, SAP and the Post -SAP were 0.70%, -0.20% and -1.51%, respectively. This implies a relatively slow process of growth in output of palm oil particularly during the period 1970 - 1985. However during the SAP and Post -SAP period the result indicates a decline in output for 1986-1994 and 1995 - 2013.. This calls for concerted effort to reverse the process of decline to increase the process of growth in output. The process of decline in output could be reversed through expansion of area devoted to palm oil production by making use of land that is put to fallow.
After six weeks, the strips had lost more than 17 per cent of their weight compared to a set of control strips. In this experiment, he discovered that a combination of two types of bacteria, Sphingomonas and Pseudomonas were effective at breaking down the polyethylene. After isolating these two bacteria, combining them with some sodium acetate and incubating the solution at 37°C, Burd was able to degrade the plastic by 43% in only six weeks, with the only outputs being water and a small amount of carbon dioxide. His study shows that the system is cheap, energy efficient, and easily scalable for industrial applications. With
In 2016, Thailand has been reported that approximately 10,944,000 tons of palm oil are produced by the Thai palm oil millers annually (OAE, 2017). PKC is one of the most abundant byproducts of expeller processing. Palm kernel cake yield about 6.7% of palm oil into the palm oil extraction process. The solids remaining after the expeller processing are called PKC or palm kernel expeller (PKE). Due to the sustainable growth of palm oil in the world market, the amount of PKC produced is increasing annually.
ADVANTAGES OF USING MICROALGAE FOR BIODIESEL PRODUCTION:- Many articles and reports of research explained various advantages of exploiting microalgae for biodiesel production in equivalence with other uncommitted feedstocks. From a pragmatic point of position, they are gentle to crop, can turn with little or even no care, using water inapplicable for human ingestion and easy to receive alimental. Microalgae procreate themselves using photosynthesis to exchange sun energy into chemical energy, completing total growth cycle every few days. Microalgae can furnish feedstock for various dissimilar types of non conventional fuels such as biodiesel, ethanol, hydrogen, methane, hydrogen, among others. Algae biodiesel comprise no sulfur