This conclusion most likely comes from ideas stated in the “Mayflower Compact”. This document was written to govern the Plymouth colony founded in 1620. The settlers formed the colony to escape religious persecution from their home country. Because the settlers were of the same faith, they based the Mayflower Compact on the teachings of Christianity. This agreement between the Puritan settlers of Plymouth was the first form of government created in the new world, however, it was not the form of government on which our country was founded.
However, the biggest difference with the Chesapeake region’s inhabitants was that the Puritans didn’t aim primarily for economic benefit or trade. They wanted to create pure, moral Christian society based on moral living. By hard working, integration of religion in politics, and social development of certain lifestyle practices, Puritans had a large influence on the development of the New England colonies from 1630s through the 1660s. Puritans believed in hard work as the pathway of success since they thought they were favored by God to succeed (Doc I). They tried to shun idleness and believed that being lazy is not profitable (Doc C).
They were puritans who were constrained by English laws and customs and sought a new place to freely practice religion how they wanted. With no King James there in America to restrict them, the colonists were free to do this. Church was the most revered part of society there in Plymouth. “The important thing was their spiritual life,” and they continued to keep close ties with their minister in Leiden John Robinson until his death. After his death “a profound sense of sadness settled over the Plymouth church.”.
Puritans- was a dissenter religious group which was trying to reform the Church of England by what they referred to it as purifying it. Some of the first Puritans included Anne Dudley who was the first English-speaking poet and Simon Bradstreet. Their main goal to was to create a “holy” community in New England. John Winthrop- the first governor and main person in charge of creating a model new society of Puritans in America. Separatist- more commonly called Pilgrims came from England on the Mayflower in 1620 to escape religious persecution starting their settlement in Holland and then moving on to America.
Roger Williams might be well notorious for being the new founder of the state Rhode Island. When he first settled a colony in Narragansett, a settlement in Rhode Island, one of his many principles was that there should be a separation between church and state colonies. Many individuals made the decision to move to Rhode Island–– due to their religious freedom. Jews, Baptists, and even Quakers decided to join this movement. A good proportion of settlers confiscated lands, which belonged to Native Americans; however, Roger Williams made an impactful decision that no one should be allowed to confiscate them.
The Puritans of the Massachusetts Bay colony had originally planned for a government that was to be ruled by God 's laws, however over time the colony would become democratically ruled. Rather than living under a democratic society, John Winthrop, along with other stockholding members, preferred to have the Puritan settlement be run by “godly rule” (9) . The original intention of the Massachusetts Bay colony was to set a model of an uncorrupted church and godly society (12) which would in turn help those in England see God 's will and be saved by it (13) . The Puritans, however did believe in the separation of church and state, but this did not mean a separation of the state from God. Despite the idea of separation, the government still
The Puritan’s goal of coming to the New World was not to create a new life, but to create the ideal model of living for the “corrupt” inhabitants of England. This was coined “The Errand”, the Puritans desire to establish a City Upon a Hill that others could look up to and imitate in order to receive God’s grace. The Puritans failed at building their City Upon a Hill (creating a perfect religious, economic, and political community), however the long-term effects of their efforts have influenced American moral politics throughout its history. The Puritans forever had the attitude of a community that had successfully established a City Upon a Hill. The Puritan lifestyle was heavily influenced not only by religion, but also inside of that, morality.
As the Arbella finally entered the Massachusetts Bay waters and a group of weary travelers who had fled the religious harassment of the Old Word finally set their sights on a new frontier, Governor John Winthrop boldly proclaimed "we shall be as a city on a hill, the eyes of all people are upon us". This iconic speech given by Winthrop remains a classic even to this day, for it gallantly challenged the new settlers who had endured so much to brightly proclaim to the world the core values which the Puritans treasured. Winthrop was determined to succeed when other colonies at the time had failed, and envisioned a colony where the righteousness of Puritan living would radiate out like a city on a hill and bring reform to the Anglican Church which dominated England.
As colonists were settling into the New World, it didn’t take long for religion to follow them. The Quakers, or the members of The Society of Friends, is a Christian movement that was founded by George Fox around 1650 in which they believed that God spoke directly to each one of them through an “inner light” and that people didn’t need a preacher or a Bible to discover God’s holy word. What made this religion bring controversy was that Puritans believed that Quakers brought an unimaginable threat to society like having woman be in leading roles in the Quaker meeting in which orthodox Puritans thought was to be unholy like to believe in. this brought about the many mistreating of Quakers by the hands of the Puritans that led the Quakers to look
The Puritans believed that the Bible was the ultimate guide on how to live and that interaction with God was only possible in church. They got rid of all the formalities of Christianity to purify it and themselves. The Puritans were different from what most people think they were. For example, they weren’t just a small group of people and they actually had so much power in England that they fought against the Crowned forces and won, however short-lived that victory was. Also, they had peaceful communities for many years before the witchcraft trials.