New England for example had centered their colonies more around religious freedom and were more focused on religion rather than money and power which is why religion had impacted their development a lot more than other colonies. It could be seen in the Chesapeake and Mid-Atlantic colonies that religion had little impact in their development as they focused more on wealth and power. However the colonies like the Chesapeake and Mid-Atlantic focused on wealth and power, religion still had an impact on the development in the colonies. New England colonies like Plymouth/Massachusetts Bay, Providence, Hartford, and New Hampshire were all colonies in the New England region. Religion impacted these colonies more than colonies from the Chesapeake and Mid-Atlantic regions.
Education was highly regarded by the Puritans leading to the creation of Harvard College to train boys for the ministry. Their religious beliefs allowed for a stable family life and for the New England colonies to become one of the most well educated and prosperous colonies. The Chesapeake colonies had none of this with their general reason for immigration being success and money. The excess amount of slaves and male indentured servants to work the land for maximum profit gave the Chesapeake colonies little opportunity for family besides slave families. In turn, there were scarcely any large towns or schools, and their literacy rate was low in comparison to the religious Puritans in New England.
The Chesapeake and New England regions of North America were made very different from each other. The main difference between the Chesapeake region and the Puritan region was that New England was more religion focused and the Chesapeake was more profit focused. The settlers coming to each colony also varied. For example in the Chesapeake colony of Virginia, most of the people coming where male, this also makes sense since people went to the Chesapeake colonies to make money it makes sense that only males went there (doc.4). On the other hand, some people that went to England were emigrants, meaning they were escaping Weymouth due to religious persecution (Doc.3).
The Pilgrims and the Puritans were very similar; they had similar ancestry, history and goals. They were English Protestants who believed the Church of England was in need of reform. Both groups play a significant role in American history. The Pilgrims started a holiday that is very well known today, Thanksgiving. Puritans are well known for conducting witch trials and burning people on suspicion of witchcraft or heresy like the incident in Salem.
Though they came from the same origin, the New England and Chesapeake Regions both separated, and with different goals for each colony. By the 1700s the Chesapeake and New England regions were distinctively different even though both were made from English colonies based on, the people whom settled the land, the governing goals and the religions brought to the new land. After arriving in the New World, the New England and Chesapeake Colonies began to thrive, but from ideas that came from very different people. Though both were trying to escape religious persecution, the differences in the people whom settled the land is noticeable. In a ships list bound for Virginia, you can see that the ship had a drastic difference from the number of men
They did this through strict laws and harsh punishment. Two important laws that were enacted included the requirement of church attendance and that everyone was to observe the sabbath. Although the Puritans sought a form of religious freedom, they were not open to the practice of other religions. They were even dissatisfied if one worshiped in an “incorrect” way. Quakers would enter their community, they were often beaten, branded or even lynched if the persisted.
Puritans had self-government. They made rules for themselves, religion effected a very large part of the government for example only male church members could vote or be part of the government. In the middle colonies, it wasn’t only dominated by one religion which gave into more liberal attitudes and religious freedom. In colonies such as New York and New Jersey which were royal colonies, the governor was chosen by the British government. In Proprietary colonies, the proprietors had the right to choose the governor.
The idea of the United States having Puritan origins is still alive today. In Sarah Vowell’s, The Wordy Shipmates, the topic of how a nation affiliates itself with Puritan perspectives is introduced. She encourages one to look beyond the surface information of the first English settlers’ motives in the 1600s, and to investigate what Puritan views truly are. She mentions the Governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony, John Winthrop, expressing his freedom to enforce his religious views on to a whole colony of people. The superiors of this religious group decided in the colonies what was appropriate for the society they are creating.
Religion, democracy, and mercantilism were the main factors that fueled the development of colonial America into the country we have today religion checked people with bad intentions and encouraged those with good purposes, democracy created a government run by the people for the people and mercantilism fueled the entire country. Religion in the 16th to 18th century held massive sway over the actions of people with the punishments and rewards found throughout most religions. Punishments mostly meant being eternally damned so most people attempted to act good through their entire lives. Rewards were
Thus, many Puritans left England in April 1630 to travel to the New World (Martin 1984: 20) to found a “godly community” (Westerkamp 1999: 2). The ships arrived in the wilderness, a harsh place that required strict rules and religious guidance and “Faith in God’s providential plan” to endure the circumstances (Martin 1984:4). This reassurance had already taken place on their way to the New World when John Winthrop delivered his speech, according to which the Puritan community was as a “City upon a hill” representing a model of “biblical commonwealth”(Westerkamp 1999:10). Consequently, the community established fixed power relations wielding much authority to the ministers who often also were medical authorities and, consequently, caused an intersection of spiritual and medial issues (Lutes 1997: 314). The announcements of the Puritan misters influenced the community strongly since the people’s interpretations were based on them (Lutes 1997: 313).