The Puritans influenced the development of the New England colonies, including Massachusetts Bay, Rhode Island, and Connecticut through the Puritans’ extreme theological values and ideas that create the theocracy, their hard work ethic that increases their economic stability, and their resistance to tolerate other’s different opinions.
The First Nations, the Virginians, and the New England Puritans all had a different respect or attitude towards the physical environment in North America. While the First Nations had inhabited the land for already some time, it was a new land for the European colonist. There are many different factors that contributed the three groups’ differing attitudes towards the environment, but it comes down to their purposes or goals in the “New World.” In the long run, these differing attitudes had multiple consequences.
The first colonists of New England were driven by religious reasons; the settlers were devout Puritans. Their religiousness helped develop New England. John Calvin’s followers, called Puritans wanted to purify and reform the Church of England. The Puritans took their inspiration from Calvinism; they lived their lives of strict devotion. In addition, the Puritans valued their community, where everyone within the community must care for one another.
Religion played an important role in each of the British colonies. Many Christian groups tried to enforce religious observance through the colony's government and the local town's rules. Some laws stated that everyone must attend a house of worship and pay taxes that helped fund the pay of ministers. Out of the thirteen colonies, only eight had official churches. In the colony, those who practice a different version of Christianity or a non- Christian faith were sometimes killed (www.facinghistory.org 1).
In US History, many have realized that the architectural styles of important buildings can easily describe the priorities, beliefs, and behavior over the course of time frame. That we are presently concentrating on the type of attitudes as well as priorities that the English occupants brought once they arrived in America. When the English colonists first arrived in America, they had a variety of attitudes and priorities, which could be seen in their own architectural design. The English settlers that settled in England region were mostly Puritans who arrived in America this is because they have objected things with English way of life.
Besides English settlers there were numerous other representatives of the European countries settling in the new land. And as the Puritans came to practice their own believes so did other nationalities, as explained in the study material. In my own interpretation America represents change and the believe system as well as the way religion was previously practiced was now changing. This change was greatly influenced by the intellectual movement called Enlightenment, which started in Europe and this influence had bearing on the Great Awakening. Besides Puritans now there were Catholics in Maryland, Quakers in Pennsylvania and the Episcopal Church in the southern states.
Upon arrival, the Northern and Southern colonies, in a similar manner, suffered many challenges such as disease, starvation, and malnutrition. The Northern colonies labor systems differed from the South because of the communications with the Native Americans. This had a huge impact on the economic development in the North. The Pilgrims were welcomed by Squanto, a Patuxet Indian, who helped the migrants establish friendly relations with the Indian people. The settlers learned to fish, hunt, and farm.
The Puritanism shape today’s American culture to a large extent, for example, it has a great influence on the American political culture, the idea Individualism and capitalism are raised from the Puritanism. And the value of individualism has permeated every corner of American society today. And it also shapes the educational culture of America. The Puritans had a zeal for education, “The idea that everyone should be educated is a remnant of the Puritan emphasis” on education,. They desired education and enlightenment for everyone and to spread their faith.
According to the social characteristics of the said New England region, the Separatists and Puritans of this region would likely not support the French and Indian War. The Separatists, or Pilgrims, wanted to be separate from the Church of England. However, in these times, it was illegal to not worship the Church of England, so they left for America to avoid religious persecution and worship as they choose. The Puritans, similar to the Separatists before them, left for America for religious reasons. They had tried and failed at reforming the Church of England, so they left Britain and settled in the New England colonies.
With the good fortune that was brought on by the colonization of America problems such as spiritual decline was on the rise. By the late 1600’s, New England ministers were criticizing problems that included public drunkenness to excessively high prices and wages. It was predicted that if the Puritans did not change their ways ruin and destruction would befall all (Oakes et al. 2017, 108). These behaviors were starkly juxtaposed to the beliefs of fate of Puritans that Robert C. Winthrop had previously purposed. Winthrop believed, unlike the many other religious who had made the same trek , the Puritans would be rooted in God’s law, making them the model society.