The feminist theory in literature is criticism in the feminist view. It uses feminist ideas to critique literature regardless if the literature itself is based off of expectations that favor men and their perspective, if it portrays women in a bad way due to a systematic sexism, or if the literature crafts female characters as independent women to counteract the way they are usually written in a patriarchal society. In The Driver’s Seat by Muriel Spark, she creates a story that portrays the main character, Lise as an independent woman, who orchestrates her own death. Although the death of a strong female can acts as a criteria of patriarchal influenced novels, Spark counteracts this by making Lise a character who is outspoken and strong minded,
Women’s Body The Figuration of the female body is well described in both Woman at Point Zero by Nawal El-Saadawi and Margaret Atwood’s The Handmaid’s Tale. Both novels show that the women bodies are not their own and controlled by others which it turned into an object in order to survive. In this paper, I would like to argue how the objectification of the female bodies in both novels resulted in their oppression and sufferings. Moreover, what is the definition of the figuration of a body to both Offred and Firdaus? And is there a way out to survive this tragedy in both novels?
This was so typical of marriages of that time, women were just not treated equally. Paula Anca Farca agrees wholeheartedly that there are touches of feminism and how often in Kate Chopin’s work you can find these themes, “I argue that due to reversals of power, Chopin’s oppressed female protagonists challenge patriarchal structures. (Paula Farca)” Chopin is clearly addressing her feministic outlook in the story “Desiree’s Baby” making sure that the text embellishes the fact the protagonist is scared of her
Cunningham 's aim in his novel The Hours is to show how relationships are not fulfilling when they are constructed from conventional gender roles. Cunningham uses separate women who live in separate time periods to show their mutual dissatisfaction in their lives. Michael Cunningham successfully portrays this dissatisfaction in his novel. Just as Stephen Daldry successfully portrays it in his film. Daldry exemplifies these unfulfilling relationships by portraying the female characters as more confrontational.
She has desires to order men in the ward, and she wants complete power, so she control her patients and the staff to do fulfill her desires. However the arrival of a new patient, McMurphy’s makes other patients to rebel against authority that Ratched uses to control them. Through out the book Nurse Ratched actions shows how an authority figures like her can often abuse their power by enforcing rules on “less” inferior individuals which leads to problems. Nurse Ratched is known as the authority figure in the hospital. The patients see no choice but to follow her rules that she had laid down for them.
Scholars have described the Female Gothic as something that “[…] not only engendered a body of critical work which focused on the ways in which the Female Gothic articulated women’s dissatisfactions with patriarchal society and addressed the problematic position of the maternal within that society, but placed the Gothic at the centre of the female tradition.”1 In other words, Female Gothic focuses on, not only the literature written by women but also on criticizing the position in which women have been put for centuries. Women have been undermined by society, taking away their freedom as individuals, turning them in submissive, quiet beings. Disregarded as only useful at home to take care of the children. Thus is not strange women decided to
Conflict can be described as the struggle between two opposing forces, whether the forces being person vs person, person vs self or person vs society. Good examples of conflict can be found in almost any book. Margaret Atwood’s novel, the Handmaid’s Tale is a source of all three types of conflicts. The Handmaid’s Tale is about a society where females are given specific duties and are restricted from reading, writing, talking to others and looking at themselves in mirrors. The protagonist, Offred whom is also the narrator in the novel faces conflicts with herself, with other people, and the society that she lives in.
Judith Butler’s Gender Trouble (1990) and Bodies that Matter (1993) works are fundamental texts of study for this thesis. Both works are deeply influenced specially by French structuralism and post-structuralism schools of thought. In Gender Trouble, Butler deconstructs the established, normative, Western construction of the Gay/Straight and hetero/homosexual binaries to discuss the lack of perspective regarding the heterogeneity of sexual identity and diversity as it is present in twentieth century society. Her arguments focus not only on the production of binaries and their rigidity from a sociological standpoint, but also on how the use of these binary structures can affect us in processes of sexual identity construction because of interpretations and constraints coming from various fields such as: the
This character is derived from Margaret Atwood’s dystopian novel The Handmaid’s Tale. Atwood’s novel reveals that hunger for control can lead to the oppression of women, this is demonstrated through the Commander’s characterization, the Aunts attitudes, and some of the Gileadean rules/laws. Having the world at the tip of your fingers, and still feeling as if that is not enough, is the reason for the oppression of women in this novel, this is shown through the Commander’s characterization. In this scene, the Commander is explaining to the protagonist why society is how it is. “You can’t make an omelette without breaking eggs, is what he says.
The study is designed to understand the different social issues related to different characters in the novel To the Lighthouse by Virginia Woolf. It focuses on the Victorian and Modern marriages and highlights how the female characters are different from one another. Similarly, there are a lot of religious doubt, degrading women, and an unclear vision in the novel by one of the characters. However, there are deaths in the novel too. Similarly, it will focus on the two central women in the story.