During World War I, nurses were recruited from both those already in the nursing profession as well as civilian workers and served as an essential part of the Imperial Forces. Many women volunteered to join the VAD 's (Voluntary Aid Detachment), ANC (Army Nurse Corps), and FANY 's (First Aid Nursing Yeomanry). War service was hard, uncomfortable and often tragic. Overseas the nurses faced severe weather and shortages of basic resources, long hours at work and little time for breaks. These women proved their ability to undergo physical hardships equal to those endured by fighting men and withstand the pressures of combat situations. Even where women did not live in close proximity to the battlefront, military and government establishments …show more content…
Posters generally portrayed the work of nurses in war as an extension of women’s maternal and domestic responsibilities. The pictures of nurses used on recruitment posters emphasized the inspirational, angelic image of the wartime nurse, with the most famous example being a poster provided by the Red Cross, titled, “The Greatest Mother in the World”. The poster depicts a Red Cross nurse supporting a wounded soldier. The allusion to Mother Mary gives the title of the work an empowering meaning, and the Christian symbolism would have been highly compelling to a determined audience in this time period. However, the propaganda put forth by military establishments glorified the role of the wartime nurse, while the harsh reality was that no matter how thorough a nurse’s training before the war, nothing could have prepared them for the violence that was observed on the battlefront. In an excerpt from Daily Life during World War I by Neil Heyman, titled “Military Nurses and Their Auxiliaries”, an American nurse’s aide describes how “hundreds upon hundreds of wounded poured in like a rushing torrent...The crowded, twisted bodies, the screams and groans, made one think of the old engravings in Dante’s Inferno”. From this, it is possible to surmise …show more content…
However, once they joined and fully experienced what it meant to serve the armed forces, many nurses began to question the reasons for which they were promoting the war. In a chapter from World War I Primary Sources by Tom and Sara Pendergast, titled, “Diary Pages and a Field Letter”, written by a Kathe Russner, a German nurse serving on the Western warfront, details the daily struggles that the women had to face and later questions the need for the war. Because this is a firsthand account of the war, rather than a government sanctioned document or article of propaganda, there is reason to believe that information provided is unbiased, or at the very least, provides an accurate depiction of what went on. The account aligns with the notion that women who initially felt compelled to join the war effort in an attempt to do something of worth, soon realized amidst all the fighting and violence that the war itself was heedless and unnecessary. In her letter, Russner questions, “Why then, the sacrifice of all these lives?”, indicating a lack of understanding towards the reasons for the soldiers throwing themselves into
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Australian women in World War One (WWI) played a great role both behind the front lines as nurses and also on the home front, taking the place of many men who were at the war. Women at this time were split into four groups, 'Ordinary women ', 'working-class ', educated women ' and the 'married working-class ', all of which impacted the soldiers lives whether it be from house hold duties, to working as a nurse at the war. The Australian women involved themselves in WWI leaving a large impact on the soldiers lives. These women were very rarely recognised for their great contribution to war.
The Civil War, fought mostly by men, is often referred to as the war of brother against brother. Although there were a few women who engaged in the battles alongside the men, the number was very small and their direct contribution to battle was probably not very significant. This is not to say that women were not important to the Civil War. Women were very influential in the national crisis and their contributions were arguably just as important as the male soldier’s on the battlefield. On both sides of the war, women employed their strength, intelligence, and compassion in the critical roles of abolitionists, civil right’s advocates, nurses and spies.
WW1 was triggered by many reasons, the main reason being the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the heir to the Austria-Hungary throne, on July 28th, 1914. This caused a chain reaction of war declarations against various countries, and Australia became involved on August 4th, 1914, when Britain requested support to fight Germany. Along with 16,000 ANZACs, nearly 3000 women served as nurses during the Gallipoli campaign right from the start on 25th April 1915. The question in this research essay is “To what extent were Australian nurses who served during the Gallipoli campaign valued for their contribution?”. This essay will investigate the nurses of the Gallipoli campaign, who were highly valued as they were essential to the military
Women were still not permitted to travel overseas, the exception to this was the nurses who served in most of the areas that troops were sent and they lived and worked under the same conditions as them. At first, the AANS was the only woman’s service. The Royal Australian Air Force Nursing Service was formed in 1940, and the Royal Australian Navy Nursing Service in 1942. But the AANS remained by far the largest and also made up the bulk of those who served overseas. Over five thousand Australian nurses served in variety locations, including the Middle East, The Mediterranean, Britain, Asia, the Pacific and
Before the war the lives of the women were mostly housework and raising the children. As the men’s job moved from home to offices, factories, and shops the women made do with what they had. The house became private, domestic, warm, and personalized place. The women refocused their world’s on creating a comfortable, clean, and loving home for their families. They turned their undivided attention to the world other than in their own houses, thousands of women in the North and South signed up, joined, and volunteered to work as emergency nurses in make-shift hospitals.
Nursing Among the most important roles played by women was nursing (Perica 5). Most of the women during this time of war acted as nurses. Although the women nurses were not much utilized in the early days of the war, their role as nurses became more acknowledged in 1777. Most of the women who acted as nurses were initially camp followers.
The Civil War opened up the field of nursing to women, breaking down yet another barrier of the strict gender roles placed on women during the nineteenth century. Women from both the North and the South joined the Civil War as both nurses and “matrons”. The comparison of the way Faust presents Northern and Southern women in the book Mothers of Inventions, lends insight on the similarities and differences between Union and Confederate nurses. According to Faust, Florence Nightingale influenced both Northern and Southern women decision to join nursing during the Civil War (pg 92).
Before the war, many Southern women had experience nursing for their family, children, and slaves. Nursing was even considered a woman’s job. However, many people thought that women could not handle nursing on the battlefield during war. Eventually, because of the growing number of casualties, women were permitted to serve as nurses for
The article addresses the changes of gender roles during World War One. Women support the war in different occupations at that time, such as drivers and factory workers; more job opportunities are open for women since the abled men were at war. That indicates a huge change in the patriarchal society. This can be related to some characters in the novel. Sally Seton is a rebellious and free-spirit woman, that is shown, “how they were to reform the world”
By working their own fields, as well as taking jobs in local industries, women provided troops with food, uniforms, and other necessities. They formed aid societies to provide soldiers with socks, shirts, gloves, blankets, shoes, comforters, scarves, bandages, and food. In more isolated areas, women worked as individuals to send supplies to the soldiers. In addition, white women took on the traditionally male occupation of nursing during the Civil War. Because many towns became battlefields during the war, local women often inadvertently became frontline nurses.
In the book written by (Gavin, 1997) it was cited that “As women took over from their absent men in hundreds of new and challenging occupations, many of which had previously been considered inappropriate”. From the beginning of the World War 1, the German women were participating a great deal. They contributed to half a million-people working on the munitions manufacturing alone (Gavin, 1997). It also mentioned in the book that over in the U.S, the men in charge refused to let the women participate up until April 1917 (Gavin, 1997). The U.S government never formally authorize the enrolment of women, despite Army officials repeatedly asking for such personnel’s.
Many became nurses, a role that prevailed from aiding the heavily injured men from war. “…female nurses did mostly custodial work, feeding and bathing patients, emptying chamberpots, cleaning hospital wards and occasionally cooking” (Brooks 2013, para. 7). Nursing allowed women to obtain a better sense of their well-being. It expanded their usefulness, emphasizing recognition upon their gender role. Among the roles in the war, the majority were “cooks, maids, laundresses, water bearers and seamstresses for the army” (Brooks 2013, para. 16).