Occupational Therapy Emerging Areas Occupational therapy is one of the applied medical science majors which involved with enhance health and well-being through occupation. “Occupations refer to the everyday activities that people do as individuals, in families and with communities to occupy time and bring meaning and purpose to life. Occupations include things people need to, want to and are expected to do” (1). Occupational therapist usually help patients who have physical, neurological, or cognitive disabilities. Occupational therapy has evolved over years to become a major career in healthcare.
Occupational Therapy Model / Frame of Reference (FOR) There are several frames of references that occupational therapy utilizes. The frame of reference (FOR) gives the therapist guidelines to follow as interventions are conducted. Choosing a proper FOR is key for the best treatment approach for each unique patient.
Psychologists have to adhere to specific rules in the scope of their job to enhance professionalism, offer quality services and ensure the health of their clients improves. However, a number of factors may impact the process and this includes multiple relationships. In this regard, the therapist may be involved in more than one role with the client, and this may have implication on the treatment. For instance, when a therapist is a close relative of the patient such as mother or sibling may influence the outcome of the process. Innately, therapists are instructed to have a strict professional association with the client
Occupational therapist helps the patient learn how to identify distorted or unhelpful thinking patterns, recognize and change inaccurate beliefs, relate to others in more positive ways, and change behaviors accordingly by participating in meaningful activities for them. The main goals are to help the patient learn that OCD can lessen over time and give him or her the tools to cope with fear or traumatic memories. OT role is to establish routines and habits, meaningful activities that promote optimal levels of arousal or relaxation, and strategies for managing symptoms to enhance occupational performance. These services can help people build self-esteem and establish supportive relationships with family members, school/work personnel, and friends.
Mildred Ross, OTR/L, FAOTA, graduating from Columbia University in 1951. She worked in mental health and was a pioneer in combining creativity and knowledge to improve the ability of people with disabilities to respond in a group session to the physical environment. She worked as an educator and served in leadership positions both in the work setting and in the Connecticut Occupational Therapy Association. Mildred Ross developed the Five-Stage Group, an approach for working with clients with psychiatric, cognitive, and developmental disabilities.
Introduction: Occupational therapy is for mentally, physically or cognitively disordered people whose daily living is assessed in order to improve their lifestyles and ease of living. Chronic pains are responsible for the derailment of several individuals and families because the affected person becomes disabled to carry out his or her own tasks and hence the dependability wastes time and money of the caregivers. The real problem in the case of chronic pains is that the affected people lose control over their activities but through occupational therapy, this control can be increased or even restored (AOTA, 2016). However, occupational therapy can only help the patient get accustomed to and adjust with the pain in everyday life and cannot cure the pain completely. Occupational therapy for pain rehabilitation has certain aspects.
If I were going to pick a Mental Health job, I would chose a occupational therapists. This Career is very helpful to children with developmental disabilities. To do help them they must use special tools like tactical sensory toys, chewy bracelets and foot bands are just a few examples of tools used. Almost any college is good for this career path. For a masters it will take 1.5-2 years.
Additionally although it is acknowledged that concepts of sensory integration theory are included in undergraduate Occupational Therapy education, in order to practice and utilise sensory integration therapy, advanced post graduate training is required (Bundy and Murray 2002). For occupational therapist in Ireland, the recommended competency level is to have completed and received accreditation in module 1 and 2/3 of the SI Network UK and Ireland or an equivalent. In contrite the literature pertaining to multi-sensory rooms does not reference a specific training required to use multi-sensory rooms. This is an important finding as it highlights the professional standard implications of individuals not trained in sensory integration therapy completing
Applications of Personal Construct Theory There are certain aspects that Kelly has looked at it in terms of his personal construct theory. He looked at in from the point of view of abnormal development, approach to psychotherapy and the Role Construct Repertory (Rep) Test.
There are many conceptual models that can be used by occupational therapist when work with clients. Conceptual models provide the base of why and how occupational therapists work. From the case provided, the therapist might use the Model of Human Occupation (MOHO) when working with Bob. According to Ducan(2006), MOHO is a client centered model which is occupational focused and provide evidence base for practice.