Osteoarthritis is also known as a degenerative joint disease and is the most common form of arthritis. With this type of arthritis, the cushion material, or cartilage, in the joints becomes to wear down. Pain is then caused when bones rub against each other. Stiffness, pain and loss of movement could occur in the joints with this of disease . Osteoarthritis is significant because it could occur in people of all ages and there are a number of risk factors including obesity, high impact sports, joint injuries, weak muscles, genetics and the most common one is the increase in age . According to a number of reports 6% to 13% of men are affected by osteoarthritis and between 7% and 19% of women above the age of 45 are affected. It is more abundant …show more content…
An articulation is the weakest point on the skeleton however the structure is capable of resisting strong forces that may threaten its normal alignment . A normal structure of a joint includes a coated layer of tough, slippery tissue that coats the ends of each bone known as an articular cartilage. A cartilage acts as a shock absorber and keeps the end of the bones from being crushed. For instance the knee, also known as the biggest and most complex joint in our body has an extra cartilage known as a semi-circular cartilages, these cartilages or menisci helps with the prevention of the femur to rock side to side on the tibia as well as acting as a shock absorber . Including the knee osteoarthritis can affect all the joints in our body, the most commonly affected joints are found in the neck and back, the hips, hands as well as the metacarpals. Osteoarthritis targets the cartilage within our joints causing them to deter. A cartilage is a unique tissue with compressive properties that are imparted by its extracellular matrix. An extracellular matrix is a combination of secreted molecules that self assemble into an …show more content…
However, according to the Mayo Clinic page on osteoarthritis there are a number of ways to cope with this painful condition. A few modifications will have to be made in order to reduce the stress and pain on the joints affected. The most helpful treatment is taking a step in lifestyle changes some examples include light amount of weight training as well as aerobic exercise can help strengthen the muscles around the affected joint providing support. Aquatic based exercises are also helpful when managing osteoarthritis according to the American College of Rheumatology. Keeping track of what you eat will both make a patient feel better emotionally as well as keeps their weight at a moderate scale to avoid pressure and stress on the knees or hips making it more painful for them. Another prominent treatment is medications, since Osteoarthritis is primarily pain there are some pain medications that are often prescribed by doctors the most common one is Tylenol or Acetaminophen this helps reduce mild pain by blocking the pain receptors also Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen, Advil, and other types of drugs can help relieve the pain . Finally, an effective treatment includes therapy. A patient with osteoarthritis has options to help relieve the stress caused from their osteoarthritis conditions, this includes physical therapy, an exercise program that helps
Click here to unlock this and over one million essaysShow More
There is no known cure for SLE, the aim is to reduce symptoms. Treatment can differ depending on how severe the symptoms are and which part of the body is being affected. Medication that can be provided are Anti-inflammatory medication for joint pain and stiffness, Corticosteroids, to reduce the immune responses, antimalarial drugs for skin and joint problems and steroid medication. Diet and exercise should be taken into to consideration, avoiding certain foods and minimizing stress could decrease the likely hood of triggering symptoms. SLE is one of the more fatal forms of rheumatic diseases that affects women more than men.
There have been research studies that show that males have a tendency to have an earlier onset or the arthritic symptoms than females do, the difference in timing is unclear but may be due to the fact that males have a tendency to do more laboring work throughout their lifespan than women do in most
He also published in 1903; a description of the same disease that was described by Osgood. The two then came together and named it Osgood-Schlatter's disease. Osgood-Schlatter Disease is an inflammation of the patellar ligament at the tibial tuberosity. It is characterized
Osgood-Schlatter Disease Osgood-Schlatter disease is an inflammation of the area below your kneecap called the tibial tubercle. There is pain and tenderness in this area because of the inflammation. It is most often seen in children and adolescents during the time of growth spurts. The muscles and cord-like structures that attach muscle to bone (tendons) tighten as the bones are becoming longer. This puts more strain on areas of tendon attachment.
Picture in your mind a rheumatoid arthritis patient:Let me guess : elderly women, hair gray or graying, right? Eight and a half years ago, I would have had the exact same image in my own mind, but my life took a course that prooces that there are rheumatoid arthritis patients who do not fall in the typical category During third grade, I was diagnosed with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA). I distinctly remember the day things changed. Ibe day I es having the time of my chikdhoif life playing volleyball with friends at recess and the next I was bedridden, unable to move without feelling excruciating pain.
Osteomalacia can typically be characterized by weakness in the muscles and frequent pains in the bones. The bone pains are most commonly occurring in the back, ribs, pelvis, legs, and especially the hips. Many patients also lose muscle definition and their gaits tend to become more waddle-like. Osteomalacia is curable, but not usually right away. It can take months for the pain to disappear.
Osgood-Schlatter Disease can impact your life dramatically. It can take shots on your body for so long until you can’t take it anymore. Osgood-Schlatter Disease is a common cause of knee pain in growing adolescents. It is an inflammation of the area just below the knee where the tendon from the kneecap (patellar tendon) attaches to the shinbone (tibia). It occurs when your bones, tendons, muscles are growing rapidly than what they should.
Task 8.1b- disorders and dysfunctions of the musculoskeletal system Osteoarthritis Osteoarthritis is the most common arthritis. It is an incurable condition which affects your joints. The surface within the joints become joints become damaged which stops the joints moving smoothly.  The symptoms of this are: o Pain and stiffness o Swelling o Not being able to move the joint normally o A grating/grinding feeling
While we don 't have enough information on the high school football players injury, is it a new injury or an old one, we know that playing football one is going to get an injury at some point in time. Knee injuries are pretty common in football, this is because of all the running and contact that one experiences during both practice and a game. Even with all the protective gear that is worn there is no way to fully protect the knees from injury. A common injurie is to the knee: collateral ligaments, there are two of these, one on the outside of the knee called lateral collateral ligament (LCL), and the medial or "inside" collateral ligament (MCL).
The cartilage can be damaged or worn by previous injury such as an elbow dislocation or fracture. Another reason for this injury to occur would be the deterioration of the joint cartilage due to aging. This injury typically affects the weight bearing joints. However osteoarthritis least affects the elbow joint because of its well matched joint surfaces, strong stabilizing ligaments and it can tolerate large forces without becoming unstable. Osteoarthritis is diagnosed based on the symptoms and x-rays of the elbow joints (which shows the arthritic changes).
Pain will cause the joints to hurt before and after your movement. Your joints will be stiff in the morning, when you wake up, causing no urge to get out the bed. Loss of flexibility will cause difficulties moving yours joints in a full rotation. The causes of osteoarthritis can cause the cartilage in your joints to break down. For
Despite what we think about when we hear “arthritis,” the truth is that it’s almost impossible to paint just one picture to explain what it looks like. There are over one hundred varieties of arthritis, and anybody can get the diagnosis at any time. To me, that’s a scary statistic, especially when we consider an “old person’s” disease can affect someone as young as ten years old. For many people, arthritis is not the bone spurs or the incredible pain that crosses over them when they move their body.
In each knee joint, there is two pieces of C-shaped cartilage which lies between the surfaces of the femur and tibia. The lateral side of the meniscus is known ad lateral meniscus while the medial side is known as medial meniscus. The major role of the menisci is to absorb the impact load between the femur and tibia and also to provide some degree of stabilization to
Home Remedy Bone & Joint Pain of Bodybuilders: Omega-3 Fats A substantial amount of research suggests that all player, bodybuilder should use during their daily workouts omega-3 fatty acids may prevent inflammation in the body and reduce symptoms associated with arthritis. Researchers from the Center for Genetics, Nutrition and Health have discovered that the COX-2 enzymes that cause joint inflammation are more active when you eat a high ratio of omega-6 to omega-3 fatty acids. Omega-6 fats are prevalent in the diet, found in meat, corn, snack foods, and sunflower oil. Try reducing your intake of these fats while increasing your consumption of healthy omega-3 fats, which are found in salmon, sardines, mackerel, trout, flaxseeds and walnuts.
Yoga and Pilates are also good options for improving flexibility and core strength. Stretching is a good option for people whose mobility does not enable them to engage in aerobic exercise. Aerobic Activity – Cardiovascular exercise can help to improve general fitness, maintain a steady weight (excess weight can make arthritis symptoms worse) and reduce joint inflammation but the wrong kind can put additional stress on the joints and make symptoms worse. Swimming, walking and cycling can all work well and if your mobility can is adequate enough, this should be done in twenty to thirty minute sessions several times per week for maximum benefit. If you have arthritis or other conditions that affect the movement of the joints, water-based aerobic activity such as swimming or aqua aerobics.