Paraphilias A Critical Summary

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Review Research: Strategies in the treatment of Paraphilias: A Critical Review The authors of the article aim to explore the treatment of persons with paraphilias. They have noted that the important thing to do is to figure out the first step in designing treatment programs for paraphilias as a result this will help the doctor determine what needs to be addressed. They also noted that the life history examination of the patient is vital part of the assessment thus it will help assist the therapist developed a deeper understanding of the client and it will help him identify if there is a change that can be addressed in the treatment. Two different takes were taken into consideration first is giving treatment to only criminogenic factors of paraphilia…show more content…
C writes his research about the diagnostic validity and forensic utility of paraphilias. Wakefield faces a “difficult conceptual distinction between deviant sexual desires that are mental disorders versus those that are normal variations in sexual preference (even if they are eccentric, repugnant, or illegal if acted upon) has attained critical forensic significance.” He’s argument of what paraphilias is since the earlier times it has always been unclear and open to interpretation and based on ideals if sexual norms. Any interpretation of the word can alter its definition. He carefully scrutinized the criteria used in paraphilic disorders. Few manuals exist to help diagnose a patient mental health and these are the International Classification Disease and Related Health Problems (ICD-10-CM) and DSM or known as the diagnostic and statistical manual. These diagnostic materials have huge impact on are legal and political issues today. Sexual Predators who have been incarcerated also deemed to suffer from paraphilic mental disorder are now allowed to have indefinite preventive civil commitment for criminals who have completed their prison sentence. This means that the states can decide whether or not to keep sexual predator locked up beyond their prison sentence, that they think is high risk rejoining society and might commit another crime. While mental health caregivers used ICD’s and DSM’s to diagnose a patient, the criminal justice system also uses the DSM’s as a legal basis for sentencing and committing sexually motivated criminals to psychiatric care. An article written by Frances and First reported that the paraphilia section of DSM-4 was vastly misinterpreted, specifically referring to the forensic evaluations of sexually violent predators, leading to “inappropriate medicalization of criminal behavior to serve a practical public safety purpose”"and it had “been manipulated heavily to favor the legal

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