Parenting styles literature review At present, it is well known that parents are not the only ones who contribute to the socialization process in children but they are still the main key concept in child development and socialization of children in society as the constitutes the first element of socialization for human beings (Maccoby, 1992). The relationship between parents and their children has a significant influence on the children, the parental styles are considering as effective elements that help the child to shape their view of themselves and their world (Santrock, 2005 as it cited in Sartaj and Aslam, 2010). Pinquart (2017) stated that there were two of perspectives had been adopted in parenting literature: first; a dimensional
Especially for a primary school-age child, people always claim that parents are the role model of their kids. How parents treat them, how their kids behave. By learning unit 5, I better understand the concepts about parenting styles and how are they connecting to child development. It makes me start to recall my memories that how my parents taught me when I was young. By staying with my parents in these eighteen years time, I aware that they treat me a bit authoritative.
Family is the important and basic unit of society. The components of a typical family, the parents and their children, have their own duties, responsibilities, tasks, and reasons as to why they exist in the society. Children are not only sources of genuine happiness, but they also ensure the reproductive success of their parents’ lineage. Parents, on the other hand, are considered as the backbone of the family because the power is in their hands to plan, decide, and control family matters and events. It is their responsibility to nurture their children by means of providing the physiological, security, social, and self-esteem needs of their children.
The tricky part of this is that parenting is a subjective game where it is up to the parents to decide what is appropriate, such as discipline. It is also important to note that every child-parent relationship is different, and that no single type of parenting will produce amazing children every time. Therefore, by observing the different styles of parenting, we will argue what is the best course of action when disciplining your child, and how it can affect children in the long run. First, it is essential that the reader learns which parenting style you are, keeping in mind that it is common for parents to be split between types. There are four major parenting styles: authoritarian, permissive, authoritative, and neglectful.
The researchers developed 4 main indicators in determining the scope of the effects of authoritarian parenting; Discipline, Social Skills, Performance, and Emotional Growth. The “Authoritarian Parenting Style" is to a great degree strict type of child-rearing that anticipates that a child will hold fast to directions set out by the guardians with practically no information or correspondence from the child. Developmental therapist Diana Baumrind in her reviews in view of the measurements of "Parental Responsiveness" and "Parental Demandingness" finish up that: This sort of child-rearing style is an unforgiving, inflexible enthusiastic atmosphere that is low in parental responsiveness (the supporting part of the child) and high in parental demandingness (control over the
In most children, often than not, home and its immediate surroundings are the first environments being experience throughout in their early years (Iltus, 2006). Children spend majority of their time being at home in which it has been shown that can greatly influence the general development progress of a child. From their early years, young children’s emergent literacy and later school progress is greatly affected by their environment. It is widely recognized that to attain the full potential and abilities of a pupil, extensive support from the parents must come in, thus, it’s now the interaction of parental involvement. It has always been viewed that the preschool development of a child needs a crucial involvement of parents.
Hence it is clear that students’ attitude and performance is dependent on the stimulus the home provides. Educational nurturing is very much connected and influence by the family of an individual. Each and every member of the family acts as a model to the child as he/ she copies from each of them. Eyake (1997) quoted. Learning difficulties in students may perhaps be traced to other factors such as gender, locality, student’s attitudes, their intelligence, culture and their socio economic status.
Parenting practices/parenting styles Interaction between parents and children in this thesis in the context of parents’ struggle to find an appropriate answer to their children’s questions, could be also define as parenting styles (Darling & Steinberg 1993). Darlin and Steinberg (1993) define the parenting styles as parents’ behaviors and characteristics which is the important part of parent-child interaction and relationships over a wide range of situations. Some of the parents’ styles which are discussed in the literature are presented in the following. The importance of parental expectations of children is described in Ochs and Schieffelin (1984). Their research and further language socialization studies show that perceptions of children and children’s competence influence caregiver-child interaction.
A persons fate of destiny is significantly shaped by family and parental techniques for raising children and families ' training systems are considered amongst the most essential factors for a child’s character formation. These can serve as constraining or reassuring factors in their growth process. (Kamijani M, Maher F. 2007 ).The impact of parenting on the development of their children have been a study of importance by developmental psychologists. However, the connection between the definite actions of parents and the subsequent behaviours of children is very difficult to find. In an early 1960s, study conducted by Diana Baumrind on more than 100 preschool-age children, using parental interviews, research methods and also naturalistic observation indicated four important dimensions of parenting: • Communication styles • Warmth and nurturance • Expectations of maturity and control • Disciplinary strategies Denoting to the above dimensions, Diana Baumrind was of the viewthat the bulk of parents exhibited one of three different parenting styles which are explained as follows.