The documents Thucydides and Aristotle reveal quite a few things about the responsibilities and benefits of being a citizen of a polis. Greek civilization had a strong understanding of the relationship between the people and community. Greeks believed that if they did what they were supposed to do for their country that their leaders would reward them.
Thucydides was an Athenian general who lost a battle in the early years of the war, after he was exiled from Athens he spent the rest of the war tracking the progress of the conflict and wrote its history. His work gave an in-depth look at how the war affected Greek civilization. The document Pericles’ Funeral Oration was given by Pericles, the leading Athenian statesman in …show more content…
He was well known for his ideas about science, politics, and ethics. Aristotle considered which kind of political state was the best. He told people that they must inquire what was the best constitution for most states, and the best life for most men. Stating that neither should assume a standard of virtue above ordinary people, or that an education is exceptionally favored by nature and circumstances. The best state should have regard to the life in which the majority are able to share. In every state, there are three elements, one being very rich, another is poor and the third is a mean (average). Aristotle claims that it is admitted that moderation or the mean is the very best, therefore it will clearly be best to possess the gifts of fortune in moderation. He then goes on to say that whoever greatly excels in beauty, strength, birth or wealth or on the other hand, who is very poor, weak, and disgraced find it very hard to rationalize like those of the mean. Aristotle believed that the middle class was least likely to shrink from rule. Those who have too much good fortune, strength, wealth and friends are neither willing nor able to submit to authority. If they experience luxury when they are brought up they never learn the habit of obedience. The poor on the other hand who are too degraded. So that the one class can’t obey and the other may only rule to
Thucydides is the author of Peloponnesian War. The Peloponnesian War was a direct and indirect conflict between Sparta and Athens that lasted from 460-404 BCE. Thucydides fought for Athens during the Peloponnesian War and was later exiled by Athens. Thucydides was writing about something that he participated in and the Peloponnesian War became the first contemporary history. Thucydides also made use of eyewitness reports from people who were participants in the war.
Pericles One thing that led to the Athenian Golden Age is Pericle's rise to power. Pericles was an Athenian leader, statesmen, and general(History.com Staff., 2009). I will attempt to explain how Pericles was essential for Athens Golden Age. Pericles lived from 495-429 BCE(Lewis, D. M., 2018,). He became the leader of the democratic party after the death of Ephialtes in 461.
Pericles Pericles, name meaning "surrounded by glory" , was a statesman, orator, politician, and general of Athens during the Golden Age who lived between 495 and 429 BCE. He made Athens the political and cultural focus of Greece with the development of the Athenian democracy and empire in the late 5th Century BCE and is well known for the rebuild of the Acropolis which begun in 447BCE. Pericles successfully led a military campaign in Corinth and sponsored the formation of the Athenian province in Thrace and Black Sea coast in 454BCE before being elected one of Athens’ leading generals in 443BCE which he held for the remainder of his life. Pericles was born into one of the leading families in Athens; his father being a military commander for Athens in the battle of Mycale in 479BCE and his mother belonging to the culturally powerful Alcmaeonidae family. His father was Xanthippus who married into the controversial family of the Alcmaeonids before leaving their
In Doc. A there is a chart that shows a list of who was allowed to become a citizen and it had a lot more yes’s that no’s unlike Athens who only allowed natural born, Adult males. This is only one example of how they included more people another was how they had more classes of citizenship so more people could be included which was discussed in Doc. C. One last example of how they showed that they included more people, not only to be a citizen but in government, is that the people were allowed to make serious votes such as choosing someone who is gaining to much power and exiling them as said in Doc.
Both “Pericles’ Funeral Oration” transcribed by Thucydides and “The Perils of Indifference” by Elie Wiesel demonstrate desire for a redefined culture: a culture geared towards a better societal attitude. Though both speeches address the need to honor peoples who have died (Pericles to those who have died in the Peloponnesian War; Wiesel to those who have died in the Holocaust) and invoke various feelings ranging from sorrow to pride, the manner in which both speeches present so differs slightly. The speeches use variations of tones that appeal to the audience in such a way that emphasizes their main idea. In “Pericles’ Funeral Oration”, Pericles praises Athens, especially its democracy, in contrast to Sparta’s.
Considering that both speeches used logos, Pericles’ Funeral Oration presented a better logical appeal because he brings forth hypothetical examples. In the speech, Pericles says " I would ask you to count as gain the greater part of your life, in which you have been happy, and remember that what remains is not long," ( page 77, 32-34), he creates a valid argument using logic saying if you are sad because your son died just remember the parts of your life where you were happy and don’t worry because you don’t have much left to live. Furthermore, Susan B. Anthony uses logos too, for example, “It was, we the people; not we, the white male citizens… but we, the whole people, who formed the Union” (Copeland 321), she uses logos to emphasize how
Ancient Greece has impacted many civilizations through philosophy, government, art and architecture. Their ideas and concepts are still widely used today and have benefited many people's lives. The Ancient Greek civilization made many contributions to the Western World. Ancient Greek philosophers have influenced areas of modern thought. Philosophy is the study of ideas, nature and the meaning of life.
Thucydides’ placement of Perikles’ “Funeral Oration” followed by the account of the plague is in every sense a “dramatic juxtaposition”. The deliberate binary opposition of logos and ergon, and nomos and physis between the speech and plague makes these two events the antithesis of his work. With both the eulogy and the narrative that follows, the reader should understand a point of truth in human nature, and teach them something that time with never change, the past gives way to the events of the future. In his writing, Thucydides uses words and phrases to contrast Perikles’ speech with the plague in such a jarring way.
With his statement, Nick evokes an infuriated tone that could only come with uncovering people of his class who abuse their power, in order to yield more benefits for themselves. Unlike the bourgeoisie class, the aristocrats are still provided a chance in the world where they can work less but still be given more opportunities without facing any judgement; ultimately proving that equal opportunity is either limited or unrestricted by one’s overall status in society. Fortunately, an element of human life that is not always restricted by class are
“....fearful the poor would plunder the rich… (they) admitted that the rich, unrestrained, would also plunder the poor (Hofstadter 57).” One class can not have too much power because it would lead to an anarchy. This document meant to hold up a democracy, not anarchy. The reason why the rich benefitted from the system was because if they had not, the social classes would have been
Unlike the Romans, Athenians had a strict but fair schedule that allowed them to enjoy citizenship equally. Equally, hard workers have brought Athens power just as much as hereditary leaders. According to Document B all citizens should be allowed to speak their opinion and have a share in election because of the hard work they do to make the city powerful. Athenians allowed poor and common men to win a position in government which was a transition from the wealthy having power to everyone having power.
Pericles gives the funeral Oration after the first year of the Peloponnesian of the war. It was written to motivate Athenians to fight for their city because the city is one of the grates cities in the Greece and he said that Greece learns from us and we do not learn from anyone
The Funeral Oration of Pericles: A Primary Text Analysis In Pericles’ Funeral Oration, the famous and influential text in 430 B.C was given by Pericles to traditionally honor the death of the soldiers that fought in war and serviced in the Athenian military. This interpretation of the oration is written by Thucydides, as it is a manuscript of what Pericles said to the Athenian public. Through this text, Pericles focuses on honoring the fallen soldiers, but he also emphases the values of Athenian society and the social structure of the invention of democracy, as it is introduced for the first time ever in history. The Funeral Oration of Pericles expresses the distinct values of strong moral standards for social structure and introduces democracy, as it reinforces laws and the need for equal justice.
The point Aristotle stressed the most is the fact that extremes cause problems. Rich are controlling and poor are demanding. The middle classes are neither, since they are the median. When all men are free, it creates a greater willingness to work together and to spark fellowship. If the majority of the people are in the middle class, it cancels out the extremes.