The main issue in the Snowden controversy is the conflicting rights of private individuals and the US government with regard to the use of telecommunications and the internet. There are ethical issues surrounding this controversy and the most applicable ethical approach for this case is “Ethics by Rights Approach”. As a background, the reason why US government had declared Edward Snowden a traitor is his involvement in the leaking of about 1.7 million confidential US documents, 15,000 Australian intelligence files and 58,000 British intelligence files from the National Security Agency (or NSA) to the public. These confidential information were acquired by the NSA through the PRISM program by collaborating with big internet companies such
The U.S federal government also had issues with immigrants about their health and safety. In order to prevent outbreaks in the urban areas the immigrants would reside in, the U.S federal government had legitimate reasons to restrict immigration. Combining this with the fact that many of these immigrants were poor and uneducated, the birth of Ellis Island is inevitable result of demand and necessity to the immigration crisis. Ellis Island was meant to restrict immigrants from entering the United States, but many still entered. It came about after the government converted the former military base into an immigration center.
People believe that the government causes certain events in order to make more strict regulations in the country. During the time of the Sandy Hook shooting, President Obama was fighting for more strict gun control within the country. Many people believe that because of this fight the Sandy Hook shooting took place. Society would rather put the blame on the government, rather than accepting the fact that some people just have issues that cause them to perform unthinkable acts. For example, Adam Lanza, the shooter of Sandy Hook elementary.
Firstly an introduction that states the purpose of the document, which intended to explain the reason of why American people were declaring independence from the government of England. In the second part a theory of good government and individual rights that from the 1770s until modern days is still accepted in the United States. The theory presented a set of undeniable rights that made all individuals equal in their possession. Those rights are not granted by the government, they are considered to be natural to human nature. For that reason an essential aspect of a good government is to guarantee these rights.
“Whoever would overthrow the liberty of the nation, must begin by subduing the freedom of speech”, written in the Cato’s letter during the pre-revolution era (Gordon). It was to criticize the British political system. These ideas were so important for revolutionary political, it was even used as a reference in the draft of First Amendment (“Freedom of the Press”). Additionally, Cato’s letter considered “this sacred privilege [Freedom of Speech] is so essential to free government”, that it is the fundamental of a free nation; however, ideas such as government censorship has challenged the First Amendment throughout the years. How much power should the government have?
Censorship by the government is unconstitutional. Censorship can have positive effects on society; however, it hinders freedom of speech, can insight dictatorship, and oppress individuals. The 1st Amendment protects public institutions from having to compromise the ideals of free speech by establishing framework that defines critical rights and responsibilities. American people resort to “more speech not enforced silence” in seeking to resolve our differences in values, sensibilities, and offenses. The effect has restricted newspapers, television, radio, etc.
To begin, government surveillance invades citizen’s privacy and breaks the fourth and first Amendment right that they naturally have. The fourth amendment states that a person has the right to be protected from unreasonable searches and seizures while the first amendment exercises freedom of speech and religion (United States Constitution). Government surveillance breaks the fourth amendment by searching people’s internet files and databases without a reason; the first amendment is also broken because people no longer have freedom of speech if the NSA is spying on them and what they say is being monitored. The NSA has been spying on citizens for quite some time now to find out what they have been saying or doing. Charlie Savage, an author and newspaper reporter, states in his article
In the First Amendment of the Constitution is the principal article in the Bill of Rights, it restricts Congress from meddling with the freedom of religion, speech and press, and assembly and petition. The First Amendment should have limits to how far the freedom is taken. Freedom of religion has became a issue in the world today, we see in today’s society's how our views have changed on certain religions. Freedom of speech and press gives everyone the right to say what they want as long as it doesn’t cause individuals to feel uncomfortable because of invasion in their privacy. Freedom of assembly and petition gives every individual the privilege to be anywhere at any time as long as it doesn’t cause violence on public property.
Whistle-blowers, leaking secret information about unethical actions of governments and organizations, are modern “institutions” setting necessary limits to the actions of political actors in the western world. In order to reinstall democratic means, such as the right to self-determination and the power of the people, it is necessary for nation and every individual to be a part of the reinstallation of transparency (Cogen, 49). Measurements have
The government should use invasive pat-downs and body scans to ensure passenger safety. As the years go on, the debating on how body scans are unnecessary how we pat downs are an invasion to the people 's privacy. Though there are many doubts as to whether the pat-downs are lawful they are still necessary. Terrorist threats have been happening since September 11, 2001, the terrorist threat within airports are ever so high. Airports these days are on constant high alert and searching passengers before boarding an aircraft is almost necessary with the constant threat of terrorist carrying dangerous items.
Government Surveillance violates our Bill of Right The Fourth Amendment protects the people from unreasonable searches from the police or any other government official. I agree with Christopher Soghoian, technology can in fact be a civil rights issue due to government surveillance. Invading our civil rights by government officials has been attempted more than once before. The loss of personal privacy can have a psychological impact on citizens and feel that they are controlled by the government. Although invading continues government finds this useful to protect the American people.
The main way that it is being disregarded is through the government’s surveillance of calls, text messages, internet browsing, and even phones when they are not being used. One of the most prominent examples of this occurring today is the Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001 (more commonly known as the USA PATRIOT Act, or simply the patriot act). According to constitutional attorney John W. Whitehead, it “allows officials to sidestep the Fourth Amendment by validating the wholesale disregard of the historic constitutional protections of notice, probable cause, and proportionality,” (Whitehead 1101). Another example of how the right to privacy guaranteed by the Fourth Amendment is being violated can be found in the actions of the Transportation Security Administration, such as searching everyone’s luggage and patting people down before flying. Does this government agency have a warrant to search everyone’s luggage and pat people down?
I’ll be discussing the similarities and differences between the Alien and Sedition Act and the Patriot Act, and how these two Acts impacted our nation during a time of war. Furthermore, both of these Acts helped protect our nation when there was a crisis at at hand. However, both of these Acts provide the government with power that was not constitutional. The Alien Sedition act was passed in-order to protect the young nation from french spies. The Patriot Act was passed in-order to protect the nation from further terrorist attacks.
The patriot act has in my opion violated the 4th amendment. It has its advantages as far as terrorizim but to normal citzens this is a complete violation of our privacy. bThe late Benjermin Franklin warned us about trading our liberty for sucureity. This act has taken away a lot of our liberties it gives the government way too much power to invade our privacy. They now have unprecedented power to monitor the phone calls, e-mails, without a warrant.
In spying on its citizens America would be enabling the abuse of citizens through controlling their actions exploiting their lives. A way this could be observed is by bugging phones to listen in on conversations. “We must not ignore the costs to liberty and privacy of intercepting phone calls and other electronic communications”, (Posner 2). Although public safety is a concern, the greater threat comes from denying citizens their rights and protecting them from tyrannical leaders. First citizens will lose their independence, then they will be stripped of their freedom by restraining their actions.