The Stanford prison experiment was conducted in 1971 at Stanford University. The experiment was directed by Professor Philip Zimbardo. The purpose of the study was to understand the psychological effects of becoming a prisoner or prisoner guard. Professor Zimbardo divided the volunteer participant students into the role of prisoner and guard, and he puts them in a prison-like setting in the basement of the psychology department at Stanford University. The study was planned to last for a couple of weeks, but it ended after six days that has happened because of the cruelty of the guards and the suffering of the prisoners.
I am writing to tell you of a life changing event I have had. I do not believe I will ever be the same and I need to share this with you, my closest friend and hunting partner. As you have most likely realized, I fell off the boat after I stayed out to smoke and found myself stranded in the Caribbean Sea. I started swimming toward gunshot sounds and reached “Ship-Trap Island” where I came upon a mansion. I was greeted by a Cossack general named Zaroff, who treated me in a fine manner for quite a while, but it was a spurious act.
In Philip Zimbardo the Stanford prison experiment usage of situational variables to observe the changes in behavior exemplify the concept deindividuation. Those selected to participate in the experiment have been assigned specific roles were stripped of their identity and became absorbed by the role. Prisoners were assigned numbers and were treated inhumanly by guard who let the feeling of absolute power influence their actions. I agree with your claim that the guards acted without thinking, I believe they were solely motivated by the sensation of having power over another rather than the promise of monetary gain. If the experiment was more controlled and conducted in today’s modern society the results would have slightly considering minimum
I started experimenting with knowledge of the human mind early in my career. I conducted research showing that participants who were “de-individualized” more readily inflicted pain and damage to others than did those who felt more individualized. It became known as The Broken Windows Theory. Our experiment consisted of two Oldsmobiles. Hoods popped, doors and trunk unlocked, and license plates removed; Placed in two very different community personalities, The Bronx, and Palo Alto.
In the end there were less than half of the original inmates left, and one of the stand-by inmates had gone on a full blown food strike, and was severely reprimanded for it. The guards posed the other inmates against him and made him look as if he was the bad guy. Guards started to make his cell mates force and mock him in order to get him to eat. This tactic was to no avail, so they ended up putting him “in the hole” for three hours, even though the established limit was only one hour. It is completely understandable why the men that played the inmates were so enraged, there were established rules that were by no means followed throughout the experiment.
The purpose of Zimbardo’s study is to investigate how people would adapt to the roles of guard and prisoner in a role-playing exercise that simulated prison life. He wanted to investigate on whether brutality reported among guards in American prisons was because of sadistic personalities of the guards and determine if this caused problems within the prison environment. Prisoner and guards have different personalities that make conflict inevitable. Prisoners lacking respect for law and order, which doesnt help with the guards being domineering and aggressive. Prisoners and guards may behave in a hostile manner due to the rigid power structure of the social environment in prisons.
Prisons can be used as a tool of political repression to punish what are deemed political crimes, often without trial or other legal due process; this use is illegal under most forms of international law governing fair administration of justice. In times of war, prisoners of war or detainees may be detained in military prisons or prisoner of war camps, and large groups of civilians might be imprisoned in internment camps. However, the concept of the modern prison largely remained unknown until the early 19th-century. Punishment usually consisted of physical forms of punishment, including capital punishment, mutilation, flagellation (whipping), branding, and non-physical punishments, such as public shaming rituals (like the stocks).
Morality coincides with choosing right from wrong. However, right and wrong is not so clear cut when your life is on the line. Similarly, in the post-apocalyptic setting of Cormac McCarthy’s The Road, a man and his young son must decide to put forth morals or choose the route that benefits themselves the most. The latter is prevalent throughout the novel, as the man guides his son to survive and make decisions based on his best interests. The characters in the story The Road to put survival over morals, which is attributed to our basic instincts trumping morals in instances where our wellbeing is in danger.
The Stanford prison experiment is renowned since it gave valuable information about how human beings react in different situations. I have been studying psychology in school and I remember this experiment catching my attention and therefore it was a clear choice for me to make a paper about. In psychology, there are many perspectives that explain human beings’ behaviour. But what I find attention-grabbing in this experiment is that no matter what perspective you look from, this is gives us a hindsight how human beings tend to act in groups.
Mental health is an important issue within the criminal justice and prison systems as it disproportionately affects those who are imprisoned. Stohr and Walsh (2012) suggest one factor that has contributed to the growing number of mental health issues within the prison population in America where government attempted to move towards half way houses and outpatient facilities instead of mental health hospitals. Yet failures to this deinstitutionalisation movement led to jails and prisons becoming the go to places for mental health patients. The situation in UK prisons is similar as mental disorder was found in 37% of sentenced male prisoners, 63% of men on remand, 57% of sentenced women prisoners and 76% of women remand prisoners (Birmingham,