Picture Exchange Communication Paper

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The Picture Exchange Communication System is divided into six different phases that encourage the participant to become a more effective communicator as the program progresses. Pyramid Educational Consultants, Inc. lists the six phases of PECS as follows: Phase I: How to Communicate The first phase of PECS teaches students to exchange single pictures for an item the student desires. For this example, we shall use a piece of candy. The first phase requires two adults to be present. One adult is the “communicative partner”, who shows the student the reinforcer, or the favored item, and waits for the child’s natural response to reach for the piece of candy, otherwise known as first initiation.5 ??? citation?The second adult, known …show more content…

234). Or According to Smith (2012), “…” (p. 234). Do NOT use footnotes to cite sources you later REFERENCE. Phase III: Picture Discrimination In Phase III of PECS, the student is asked to disseminatediction: word choice? between multiple pictures of desired and non-desired objects placed on their communication book. Consistent with the previous phases of PECS, the student is to a picture and hand it to their communicative partner. ???If the student selects the picture of the desired item, then they are presented the actual desired item coupled with social reinforcement. When a student responds incorrectly, error correction strategies such as the 4-Step Error Correction Procedure10 are introduced to help the student realize his/her error. More pictures and objects are introduced as the student succeeds in consistently choosing the correct or desired object. The student is …show more content…

The communicative partner then turns the strips toward the student and recites the “I want” phrase before handing the student the desired object.6 Phase V: Answering Questions The reason that the communicative partner must use the command “I want” as the precursor to the desired object in phase IV is the communicative partner is preparing the student for the answering questions phase of the PECS program. This phase focuses on answering the question “What do you want?” and the student should be able to spontaneously request a variety of items.7 Phase VI: Commenting In the final phase of the PECS program, the student learns to make up sentences starting with “I see”, “I hear”, “I feel”, etc.1 This way, the student learns to comment on the environment around him/her. The communicative partner creates pictures for these expressions which can create opportunities for the student to express themselves by making comments such as “I like ice cream. What do you

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